Return to the Table of Contents for Venezuela

Usa vs venezuela

Today, in Venezuela, these topics discussed are still very relavent. The citizens of Venezuela are feeling their democracy is being taken away. “The Venezuelan president has become nothing more than a disguised dictator in a democratic outfit.” [1]. Chavez abuses his constitutional powers for his own benefit[2]. Chavez’s reign of terror could have been prevented if had the rebels won the revolution. If the rebels won, they would have had control over the government setting up a whole new progression of leaders, which likely would not have included Chavez. Not only does the situation in Venezuela resemble the revolution, but it also could have been an essential factor.  In the early 19th century, when the ancient venezuelans were fighting for freedom, they wanted popular democracy.  Now they don't really have that anymore and they feel as though everything their ancestors worked for is being taken away  and now they just have a dictator.

The most pressing issue effecting Venezuela today is their many conflicts with their president, Hugo Chávez. Many times, the country has been thrown in to tricky situations as the people try to express their opinions of him.


Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez

For example, the 2002 Venezuelan coup d’etat and just two months after that, the boycott by Petróleos de Venezuela S. A. (PDVSA), a leading oil company, and in 2004 the Venezuelan recall referendum took place, which focused on whether or not Chávez should be removed from office followed by another referendum in 2007, where, once again, Chávez remained president. These issues had immediate effects to the country because they caused major economical problems and in the case of the PDVSA, left the country without major suppliers for an extended period of time.


Venezuela’s oil reserves are amongst the top ten in the world [3]. Oil produces nearly 80 percent of the whole country’s whole export income, and adds to about half of the central government’s income [4]. It is reliable for about one-third of the country’s GDP (gross domestic product), as well [5]. As a result of the amplification in world oil prices in recent years has permitted Hugo Chavez, Venezuela’s president, to expand social program spending, strengthen commercial ties with other countries, and boost his own international profile [6]. Venezuela has constantly threatened to cut off ties with America for oil exports, however both countries are mutually dependent. Since Chavez took office in 1999, Venezuela’s economy has remained directly centered on oil production, however, it is argued by many government officials that the economic growth efforts are not solely focused on oil [7]. Though they claim to have a diversification, oil is still predominant. Some economists are concerned about the country's high inflation. Francisco Rodriguez, former chief economist of the Venezuelan Nation Assembly, has come to the conclusion that: " income inequality has increased during Chavez's tenure, and further, Chavez's social programs have not had a significant impact on infant mortality rate or literacy rates among Venezuelans.('Foreign Affairs)"(Source 2)

Demographics Edit

Population 26,814,843 (July 2009 est.)

Age structure - 0-14 years: 30.5% (male 4,157,194/female 4,022,595) 
15-64 years: 64.3% (male 8,480,872/female 8,754,620) 
65 years and over: 5.2% (male 620,657/female 778,905) (2009 est.)

Birth rate 20.61 births/1,000 population (2009 est.) Death rate 5.12 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.) Infant mortality rate- total: 21.54 deaths/1,000 live births 
male: 25.1 deaths/1,000 live births 
female: 17.81 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate -2.48 children born/woman (2009 est.)

Ethnic groups - Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people

Religions - nominally Roman Catholic 96%, Protestant 2%, other 2%

Language - Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects

Literacy - definition: age 15 and over can read and write 
total population: 93% 
male: 93.3% 
female: 92.7% (2001 census)

Education expenditures - 3.7% of GDP (2006)

All From [8]

Society Edit

Venezuela has remained poor over the course of history and has maintained a large population. A minuscule upper class of wealthy hacendados, whose income derived from cocoa abd coffee plantations, controlled the economy [9]. This group based their superior status on their light skin and on Hispanic cultural and social norms established during the colonial period [10].Despite its power, prestige, and wealth, however, the upper stratum never formed the sort of cohesive, entrenched oligarchy so common throughout most of the rest of the continent [11]. Venezuela's comparative poverty--its lack of gold or precious stones--limited the attention it received from Spain; fewer Spaniards ventured to Venezuela than to nearby Colombia or more distant Peru. The colonial period, therefore, did not produce an opulent upper class, either Spanish or native born [12].


  1. "Once Again:." ToTheCenter - News. Web. 04 Dec. 2009. <>.
  2. "Once Again:." ToTheCenter - News. Web. 04 Dec. 2009. <>.
  3. "Venezuela." Council on Foreign Relations. Web. 04 Dec. 2009. <>.
  4. "Venezuela." Council on Foreign Relations. Web. 04 Dec. 2009. <>.
  5. "Venezuela." Council on Foreign Relations. Web. 04 Dec. 2009. <>.
  6. "Venezuela." Council on Foreign Relations. Web. 04 Dec. 2009. <>.
  7. "Venezuela." Council on Foreign Relations. Web. 04 Dec. 2009. <>.
  8. "Venezuela Demographics Profile 2009." Index Mundi - Country Facts. Web. 04 Dec. 2009. <>.
  9. "Venezuela - SOCIETY." Tropical Rainforest Conservation - Web. 03 Dec. 2009. <>.
  10. "Once Again:." ToTheCenter - News. Web. 04 Dec. 2009. <>.
  11. "Venezuela - SOCIETY." Tropical Rainforest Conservation - Web. 03 Dec. 2009. <>.
  12. "Once Again:." ToTheCenter - News. Web. 04 Dec. 2009. <>.

Ad blocker interference detected!

Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.