The following is Part II of the Timeline of the Space Age History of Laurasia, concerning the history of Laurasia Prime and the Laurasian Purse Worlds, the core region of the modern Laurasian Empire, which governs the Caladarian Galaxy and its satellite galaxies. This timeline covers from the launching of the first Laurasian satellite in space, in 443 BH, to AH 1803, the present year in the Caladarian Galaxy. For the purposes of this timeline, the Hyperdrive Calendar system is employed.
Timeline of the Space History of Laurasia, Part IIEdit
3rd century BHEdit
- In this year, the first year of the 3rd century BH, Dr. Anasamius conducted a successful test with his prototype vessel, the Achiever, which was equipped with the latest warp prototypes, as had been developed by the Doctor and the staff of his design corporation. Anasamius was determined to reach Warp Factor Four, believing that further progress in warp speed would allow for the further extension of Laurasian colonial territories and for contacts with other alien species. On 17 March, 300 BH, his test occurred, and proved a outstanding success. The ship reached Warp Factor 4.3, breaking Anasamius's expectations. Having thus passed Warp Factor Four, Anasamius now ordered for the construction of new warp engines based around his new designs. By the end of 300 BH, most Laurasian vessels were being converted to the new technology, which would allow for Laurasian ships to travel across one thousand light years every eight years.
- The Warp Highways System, as it was to that point, is finally completed. Thirty warp highways connected Laurasia Prime with the Augis systems, Dearton's Gateway, Maroni, Janesia, Oxia Vixius, Apathama Vixius, Falloria Major, and the various other Laurasian outposts. The highways spanned across a range of 300 light years, greatly increasing travel times and allowing for easier transportation, tourism, and colonization services. The ceremony for the inauguration of the Chief Highway Control Center was attended by representatives of all the surviving Laurasian Governments, as well as representatives from the various colonies and the officials of the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency.
- The Treaty of Constantinople is signed by Charasia, South Explosansis, Australasia, Lycia, Mararia, Amagasoria, Chandragupta, and South Westar, concerning the deposition and partition of the former territories of Caudisa, Mexicana, and Falloria. By the terms of this Treaty, Charasia acquired Yusania, the provinces of Northern and Central Falloria as far as the Naranian River, Centralita, Upper Krayia, the Caudisan Capital District, the Eastern Caudisan Arctic Provinces, the old Americianian possessions of the Syrenes Sea, Penania, the Northeastern Provinces, the District of Colombia, and Quencania. South Explosansis acquired Northern Explosansis, the Jibini Peninsula, Gedrosia, Akkania, Jatheria, and Yurthria, as well as the Fallorian colonies of Osama, Lasa, and Terravania. Australasia acquired Lower Krayia, the Eastern Fallorian Districts, Little Falloria, Abay, Salasia, Agrania, Mexicanian Coastal Americana, and the Western Caudisan Provinces. South Westar acquired the remainder of Mexicana, the Syrenes Sea, and Southiana, as well as the Mexicanian colonies of Little Mexicana and Azatha II. Mararia acquired Inoria and Lusitania. Lycia acquired Barlavia, Katharina, Javaria, Grinae, Hanubia, Florencia, the Tethornes Mountains, and Osriana. As a gesture of good will, Charasia returned Great Cellini Lycia and Eastern Oceania to Lycia, as well as former Lycian bases in the Laurasia Prime Star System. Amagasoria and Chandragupta received confirmation of their independence, while Chandragupta also acquired Western Falloria. For the next several years, peace managed to prevail on Laurasia Prime, while vigorous colonial and space expansions were launched by the Laurasian Nations.
- Direct first contact between Clancia and Laurasia Prime is made for the first time, as a Clancian expeditionary vessel, which was equipped with the Clancian dimensional drive, which operated at about Warp Factor Three, and had been dispatched fifty years earlier to extend Clancian colonial territory to the north, encountered Charasian exploration and scout vessels, equipped with the new Warp Four engine systems, which had been dispatched south of Dearton's Gateway. The two species, having already learned of each other's existence through their earlier communications messages, had a happy and peaceful first contact with each other. The Laurasians shared with the Clancians information about the warp factor system, theories for the development of a more advanced warp drive, and basic information about themselves. The Clancians, on their part, shared information on the carbonite preservation system, on navigational information concerning the Central Core, and information about what they knew of the Central Core civilizations. It was agreed that full diplomatic relations would be established the following year.
- Australasian and Charasian scout vessels, having launched from Augis V, discover a new world within a previously unknown star system, "astounded by its beauty and its fitness for our species". This system is located directly to the west of Laurasia Prime. Reminded of tales in the Almitian Bible about a "lavish and hospitable realm to be discovered by you, the Children of our Race", they named the world Caladaria. Caladaria was claimed as a joint colony for both Australasia and Charasia. The scout vessels relayed information about the star system back to Laurasia Prime. By the end of the year, the Charasians had begun preparing a colonization expedition.
- The Committee of World and Colonial Discussions is established by the Laurasian Nations, designed as the successor bureau to the defunct World Assembly. Such a organization would seek to establish peaceful dialogue amongst the various Laurasian nations, coordinate further efforts at contact with other species, and sponsor the further progress of Laurasian efforts in space.
- South Westar surpasses Australasia to become the second-largest economy on Laurasia Prime, after Charasia.
- The population of Laurasia Prime stabilizes at c. 90 billion, with the rate of growth having slowed because of the War of the Destruction of the Americianian Republic and because of the Fallorian-Charasian War. During the last decade of the 4th century BH, as a result of the warp drive and because of a rising lust for territory on the part of the Laurasians, the population of Laurasians outside of the Laurasia Prime Star System had increased considerably. There were now ten billion Laurasians outside of the Laurasia Prime Star System. Out of this, about 500 million resided on Maroni, 300 million at Janesia, 200 million at Dearton's Gateway, 150 million in the various Augis systems, and 130 million in Oxia Vixius. There were also now seven billion Laurasians living on the Laurasian moons, at the various stations and satellites, and on the other Laurasia-Prime system worlds within the colonial outposts.
- The Laurasian colonization expedition to Caladaria made its descent, confirming the initial observations made by the earlier scouting vessels. However, the expedition now found that Caladaria was not uninhabited, for it encountered the world's native species, the Aquari, who, although only developed to a Industrial Revolution level, nevertheless occupied the majority of the planet. They had established numerous cities, factories, and outposts, and were already developing their own theories for space travel. The Laurasian settlers astounded the Aquari, whose people had recently become obsessed about space due to a series of science fiction works published by many of their notable artists. The Aquari monarchs, fearing that the Laurasians would turn upon them, and not knowing what else to do, invited the Laurasians to establish their own colonial city and to exchange diplomatic embassies. The Laurasian expedition leaders decided to accept the offer, although they began to draft plans for subduing the natives and sent back intelligence information to the command of the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency. In response to this, the Laurasian Military Subjection Force was established (July, 298 BH), in order to "apply force against any native species who could challenge our claim or control over a world or within a star system". By the end of the year, the Laurasian settlers were preparing for a series of military campaigns.
- A fleet of new colonization vessels, equipped with Warp Four drives, was launched from Augis V by the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency, in order to push the boundaries of the Laurasian Region towards the direction of the Eastern Systems. These vessels advanced rapidly, traveling into what had been unknown space to the Laurasians for several decades. In the middle of 298 BH, the vessels reached the system of Katie and detected that it was a system whom the Laurasians could colonize. Upon entering the system, however, they were assaulted by Katian nuclear-powered starfighters and cruisers who inflicted severe losses on their ranks. The Laurasians were forced to retreat. This was the first hostile civilization whom they had encountered who possessed technology of their own. Katian squadrons then raided and plundered Laurasian colonies at Augis II, Osama, Falloria Minor, and Chilsia. The Charasians and Australasians coordinated a military response, assembling units from their colonies and strengthening the colonization expedition. A stalemate quickly developed, as the Laurasians were unable to advance into Katian territory. By the end of the year, the Laurasians had established military outposts on Soria, Fucania, and Carseolina in order to prepare for a further campaign against the Katians.
- The first diplomatic embassy with the Clancians was exchanged by the Charasian Government. The arrival of members of the first alien species the Laurasians had encountered on Laurasia Prime, caused some interest with the Laurasians. By November, 298 BH, plans were already in progress for the establishment of a new warp highway to connect Laurasia Prime and the colonies of Janesia, Maroni, and Dearton's Gateway with the Upper Stations of the Clancians, who, with the warp four drive in their possession, were exerting themselves more at the Central Core border. This was the origin of the Clancian Trunk Line.
- Anasamius, on Augis V, conducted more experiments with his new warp prototypes, determined to pass beyond Warp Factor Four. By now, he was harboring major ambitions. For the next several years, however, he made little progress.
- The first specifically contact-geared warp probe, the Extender of Relations, was launched by the Charasian Government from the Shipyards of Augis V. This probe, equipped with the fastest Warp Four drive then developed by the Laurasians, contained a message of peace, basic information about the Laurasian species and about Laurasian society, and various recordings, etched on a computer-powered record. This probe was launched to the north of Laurasia Prime, in the hope that another space-faring civilization would obtain it. The decision to launch the probe was criticized by certain Laurasians, who believed that it was rash and premature.
- The Laurasian-Katian Conflict, the first war fought by the Laurasians in outer space against another alien species, intensified during this year. In January, 297 BH, the Charasian communications outpost on Oxia Vixius established contact with the Lucarites, a neighbor of the Katians who had been in a state of high tensions and cold war with them for the past two decades. The Lucarite chieftains of Anorr, as their leaders stiled themselves, believed that a military coalition with the Laurasian Nations would allow for them to accomplish goals of their own, at the expense of the Katians. Although Katian expeditions continued to harry the outer Charasian, Australasian, and Westarian colonies, the Lucarites, who possessed a warp drive of their own, managed to dispatch their first embassy to Laurasia Prime in March, 297 BH. This was received by representatives of the Committee of World and Colonial Discussions, the Charasian Government, and the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency. The Treaty of Laurasia Prime was signed in April, establishing a military alliance between the Lucarite Dominion and the Laurasian nation-states of the World Assembly. This was the first action taken by all the Laurasian nations collectively, as regards to diplomatic affairs with other species. The Katians, hearing of the new alliance, launched a major offensive against the Lucarite colonies of Alsora and Badaragan in May, 297 BH. The two worlds were overwhelmed and sacked. The Katians thereafter destroyed Lucarite defenses at their Command Station and soon threatened the Lucarite Inner Systems. The Charasian High Command now prepared a expedition at Chilsia in order to relieve the Lucarites. Using information provided by the Lucarites, and taking advantage of a recently discovered "warp corridor", the Charasian expedition arrived at Badragan and the Lomanite Outposts by August, 297 BH, disrupting the Katian supply lines. In September, 297 BH, after a series of battles at Alsora, Lomanis I, Anorr Minor, and the Isoter's Shaft, the Katians retreated. By October, 297 BH, Katian raids against the outlying Laurasian colonies had terminated, but the Charasians were unable to advance into Katian territory.
- Three hundred new colonization vessels, the Achiever-class, were launched from the Charasian Shipyards by the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency. These vessels, equipped with polarized armor, extensive shuttlecraft and transport systems, the latest Warp Four drives, and the earliest "force fields" (primitive forms of radiation shields), were more advanced then the Explorer-class vessels. By the end of the year, the fleet was traveling directly to the north, and was soon to reach Ralina Vixius (colonized in February, 296 BH).
- During these two years, the Laurasian-Katian Conflict continued. In January, 296 BH, the Charasian High Command, Australasian General Headquarters, and South Westarian Command Corps decided to select two military commanders who were to take charge of the joint forces assembled against the Katians. These two commanders were Quintus Maximus and Fabius Mus, two respected Charasian generals who had served in the Charasian-Fallorian War, the War of the Destruction of the Americianian Republic, various colonial expeditions, and campaigns against rebel movements in the Charasian colonial systems. The two generals assembled a task force of 200 Charasian dreadnoughts, 100 Australasian destroyers, and 50 Westarian corvettes, alongside a corps of 600,000 allied troops and 20,000 officer detachments. The two generals divided to launch two thrusts into Katian territory. Maximus advanced with his detachments against the Katian colonies at Luseulum while Mus advanced from Maroni towards the lower Katian Systems. As they progressed, the two generals laid waste to all Katian colonies, outposts, and military stations in their past, slaughtering or capturing hundreds of thousands of Katian colonists. The Katian High Council decided to keep their main fleet in reserve, hoping to catch the force of Maximus in the red giant system of Tifenlium. In April, 296 BH, the Katian commanders stationed a false fleet near the Summit of Rays, while the main force hid in Tifenlium. Maximus, however, detected their ruse, and he dispatched his units into Tifenlium, cutting off the main Katian force from its diversionary units. Mus soon sent units to surround the diversionary force. The Laurasians however, were unable to dislodge the Katian positions, and the Katian commanders in fact had sent a distress signal. In July, 296 BH, after months of indecisive skirmishes, a Katian reinforcement armada arrived, driving through the Laurasian positions and forcing Maximus to retreat. Mus, distracted by campaigns at the lower systems of the Katian Highway, was unable to send support.
- Nearly half of Fabius's force was destroyed. In September, 296 BH, the Arians, who had long been in a military coalition with the Katians, declared war against the Laurasian nations: this was the first Laurasian encounter with them. The Arian and Katian forces, under the command of one Aoreak of Lusesulm, managed to resume their harrying operations against the colonies at Augis II, Falloria Major, Chilsia, and Osama (November, 296 BH-February, 295 BH). In March, 295 BH, however, they were defeated by General Maximus in the Battle of Augis I, which resulted in their withdrawal.
- Two months later, Generals Maximus and Mus combined their units together, attempting to halt Arian reinforcements from reaching Luseulum and the Outpost of Sarai. This effort did not succeed, but on 29 April, they encountered the Katian-Arian armada at Sentinum, which was located about eight light years to the northeast of Sarai. Although the Katian forces outnumbered the Laurasian fleet, they were relatively disorganized and ill-prepared. Initially, they imposed severe pressure upon the Laurasian military lines. General Mus however, then charged through the Arian lines, decimating the command squadrons and disorienting the Katian dreadnoughts. He was severely wounded however, during his efforts, and died shortly thereafter. However, his offensive had weakened the Katian forces, allowing General Maximus to gain the advantage. He routed the Arians and then smashed the Katian supply line, obtaining a decisive victory. As a result of this victory, the Laurasians gained the advantage. By the end of 295 BH, Sarai, Luseulum, Tifenlium, and Alanium had been besieged and conquered by the Laurasian military units, and the Katians had fallen back.
- The Laurasian-Katian Conflict continued for the remainder of the decade, despite the Laurasian victory at Sentinum. Although the Katian-Arian armada had been annihilated there, this did not mean that all of their forces had been destroyed. Most Katian and Arian territories remained beyond the reach of the Laurasian units. In fact, in January, 294 BH, a Katian army managed to annihilate a Laurasian expeditionary force at Luceria, forcing it to retreat. The Station of Dosch, which first appears in Laurasian historical records at this time, managed to survive six Laurasian offensives (February-November, 294 BH). In December, 294 BH, however, the Laurasians and Lucarites destroyed another Katian force in the Battle of Alicia, preventing further Katian offensives into Lucarite territory. Laurasian units then went on to destroy the Katian military outpost on Volterra (February 293 BH) and conquer the Arian outpost of Taurasia (March-June 293 BH). By August 293 BH, Laurasian units had advanced to the outskirts of Katie proper and to Weston, Peterslie, and Travis. The Battle of Aquilonia was then fought between a Laurasian expeditionary fleet and a corps of Katian troops (September 21, 293 BH). This battle resulted in a decisive Laurasian victory, as Laurasian units shattered the star system's defenses and compelled the Katian units to retreat. By the end of 293 BH, most Katian outposts in the region of Aquilionia had been occupied. In 292 BH, Laurasian units destroyed Arian fortifications on Vetta and cleared Katian task forces from the Brant Expanse, but were unable to penetrate Katie's outer defenses. General Maximus, however, destroyed the Katian military base of Vensuia (April 291 BH), capturing a model of the Katian warp drive and a large store of Katian shields, military equipment, weaponry, and armor. By January 290 BH, Katie was under severe pressure, and its government was now compelled to open peace negotiations with the Laurasians. The Treaty of Al-Samania (March, 290 BH), the first treaty concluded by the Laurasians with a alien species, and the first treaty of the Laurasian Space Age, resulted in the Laurasian acquisition of Taurasia, Aquilionia, Vensuia, Vetta, Sarai, Luseulum, Tifenlium, and Alanium. Katie agreed to acknowledge Laurasian overlordship, allowed the Laurasians to have commercial privileges in its dominions, and agreed to end its offensives into Lucarite territory. General Maximus, hailed as a victor by the Laurasian populace, returned to Laurasia Prime in November, 290 BH.
- A Laurasian colonial expedition, in the meantime, had been dispatched by the Pan-Laurasian Agency. This expedition was comprised of a batch of the Achiever-class vessels.In December, 290 BH, the fleet entered the outskirts of a system which had been detected by Laurasian astronomers as far back as 414 BH. Originally designated UX-1300, the system had been detected to have a potentially habitable world. Fears had developed, as a result of the encounter with the Katians, that the system had a hostile native species residing in it. The expedition however, found that it was uninhabited. The world which was detected to be similar to Laurasia Prime was, being the third world of the star system. It turned out to be a very green and vibrant world. The expedition named the world Darcia and immediately established the first colonial settlement, which eventually became the capital city of Darsus.
- By 290 BH, the population of Laurasia Prime had reached 93 billion, while the population of the moon bases and stations of the Laurasia Prime Star System had surpassed ten billion. The extra-solar Laurasian population had now reached twenty billion, having long since surpassed the lunar population of the Laurasia Prime Star System. The Conference of World and Colonial Discussions was beginning to assume more and more authority over Laurasian affairs. In November, 290 BH, it proposed the first all-Laurasian legal code in the history of the planet. Some powers, such as South Westar and Explosansis, were now becoming fearful of the Conference and its exertions of authority.
- The Laurasian colonists on Caladaria finally follow their plans for military campaigns against the native Aquari. In late 289 BH, the Charasian High Command had sent orders to the Laurasian colonization force, ordering them to make preparations for seizing control of the world by force. In February, 288 BH, a Charasian expeditionary force, under the command of the obscure General Probus, arrived in the system and augmented the colonists. Finally, in June, the Laurasian colonists and expedition troops, declaring that the Laurasian Nations needed to have another star system under their possession and that the Aquari did not deserve to retain their independence, launched their military campaigns against them. The Aquari, technologically outclassed by the Laurasian intrusion forces, quickly fell to the might of the Laurasian military units. By the end of 288 BH, the Aquari Royal Council had surrendered to the Charasian expedition, while Laurasian units had occupied Caladaria's capital city of Pa'ala, which they renamed Pollis Caladari. Native resistance, however, emerged in the form of Aquari bands in the Amarian Valley, led by the Prince A'volai of Hamalios. For over two years, they harried the outskirts of Pollis Caladaria and other Laurasian settlements, until finally being rooted out and exterminated by Probus and his units at the end of 285 BH.
- The system of Falloria Major is renamed Clackmaris by a decision of the Pan-Laurasian and Charasian Space Agencies (286 BH).
- Pope Sylvester of Mararia reorganizes the administrative system of the Almitian Church (287-286 BH). The Almitian Church had to adjust further to the territorial expansion of the Laurasian nations into the surrounding space. Until then, the jurisdiction of the archbishoprics and bishoprics on Laurasia Prime had been construed to extend to the conclaves and denominations which resided at each of the Laurasian colonies. For example, the Archbishopric of Constantinople (Charasia's capital city), extended its jurisdiction over all of the Charasian colonies, while the Archbishopric of Melagarie (which was the primary Australasian archbishopric) extended its authority over all of the Australasian systems. The Pope, taking the complaints against this system by Traditional Almitian colonists into account, issued the Spatio Administrationis principátus, by which the most populous conclave for the particular colonies of a nation was elevated to the rank of the Archbishopric, while other colonies, lesser in population, became Bishoprics. The first extra-solar Laurasian Archbishops and Bishops had been enthroned by the end of 285 BH.
- The Laurasian colony at Ralina Vixius is attacked by a mysterious alien space armada, comprised "of such barbarians that we have rarely seen in our history", according to the Viscount Socrates. This armada, which was comprised primarily of assault craft and shuttle pods, inflicted severe damage upon Ralina Vixius's solar defenses, destroying satellites and space stations. The Pan-Laurasian Space Agency, which had begun to assume duties over the defense and military provision for all of the Laurasian colonies, prepared a response expedition, in order to seek out and destroy the raiding armada. This force was placed under the command of the Australasian General Lucius Metellus, a veteran of the first Laurasian-Katian War. General Metellus followed the raiding armada, for it slowly advanced from Ralina Vixius, plundering and harrying Laurasian outposts along its juncture. The General's fleet eventually reached the Aroest star system, from which the pirate armada had originated. The pirates, however, now surrounded the Laurasian expeditionary fleet. They had knew they were being pursued and had taken measures to entrap the Laurasian force. In the resulting Battle of Aroest (July 284 BH), the pirates, known in Laurasian sources as the Aroestian Plunderers, obtained a decisive victory. General Metellus himself was slain in the battle, while most of the Laurasian battleships were destroyed or captured. Thereafter, the Plunderers resumed their raids, overrunning Ralina Vixius (August 284 BH); sending expeditions against Maroni (September) and Dearton's Gateway (October); and threatening the South Explosansian colony at Little Mexicana. Eventually, in November 284 BH, Charasia and Explosansis cooperated in organizing a expeditionary force, under the command of Charasian Admiral Manius Dentatus, in order to strike against the Aroestian Plunderers. Dentatus, whose fleet was equipped with advanced Warp Four drives and were armed with the new double-encased ship armor, launched a series of offensives against the Plunderers. Finally, in December 284 BH, they destroyed the chief Plunderer band in the Battle of Curia. Aroest itself was conquered by the Laurasians in February 283 BH, thus terminating the threat from them.
- A Laurasian colonial expedition first colonized the asteroids of the Cron Drift, located directly to the north of Laurasia Prime (October 284 BH). This was because dilithium, beryllium, borite, and casmium had been discovered, in substantial quantities, by Laurasian scouting expeditions two years earlier.
- Raids and plundering operations around the outskirts of Caladaria were launched by pirate fleets from their military base on Sanjorios, a previously unexplored star system just twelve light years to the west of the Caladaria system. There raids were led by a certain Britomaris, about whom little information has come down to modern Laurasian scholars. Britomaris, who is believed to have been a Sanjian chieftain and military officer, was determined to inflict damage upon Laurasian positions in the region and to demonstrate the power of his species. The Pan-Laurasian Space Agency and the Charasian High Command agreed to muster a military expedition, under the command of Admiral Lucius Denter, in order to terminate the raids and consolidate the Laurasian position at Caladaria. Admiral Denter destroyed a Sanjian private fleet near Bloom (March, 283 BH) and halted a raiding offensive against Darcia (June, 283 BH). Britomaris, however, took advantage of the relative Laurasian ignorance of the trans-Caladarian regions to lure the expeditionary fleet into a trap at Senone, which is believed to have been located about fifty light years to the west of Caladaria. The Battle of Senone (September, 283 BH), resulted in the annihilation of the entire Laurasian fleet. General Denter himself was captured and executed by Sanjian warriors. Britomaris then blockaded the Caladaria system and penetrated as far as Janesia and Dearton's Gateway. By December 283 BH, however, he had finally been defeated by a Laurasian task force under the command of General Dolabella. The decisive battle took place within the red giant system of Vadimo, discovered by Laurasian scouts the previous year. Britomaris himself was slain in the battle.
- The Laurasians dispatched a colonization expedition from Darcia, in order to push Laurasian boundaries farther west.
- In this year, a new conflict erupted between the Laurasian nations and the Katian Autarchy, which resulted in the elimination of Katian independence and the consolidation of the Laurasian position in the regions beyond Janesia, Dearton's Gateway, and Maroni. The Katian General A'adarg seized control of the Katian government and instigated a major expansion of the Katian military forces. A'adarg believed that the Katian subjection to the Laurasian Nations was a "shameful and humiliating event" which needed to be reversed promptly. In February, 282 BH, however, the Laurasian intelligence outpost at Sarai received information of Katian machinations and of the coup within the Katian Government. The outpost transmitted this information back to the Conference of World and Colonial Discussions and to the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency. In April, 282 BH, a final expedition against the Katians was authorized by the Agency, although both South Westar and Explosansis, which were by now planning to withdraw from the organizations and assert their positions as independent nations, refused to participate in the expedition. General Maximus, who had been in retirement since 288 BH, agreed to assume his position one more time and to command Laurasian units for a final offensive against Katian territory. The Laurasians assembled military squadrons at Sarai, Vetta, Vensuia, and Taurasia, comprised mostly of Charasian-provided units. In June, 282 BH, however, it was A'adarg who issued a declaration of war, rejecting Laurasian overlordship and launching his units into Laurasian territory. Katian units managed to conquer the Laurasian outpost on Alanium (July 282 BH) and penetrated to Al-Samania (August-September 282 BH), but failed in a offensive against Vensuia and Vetta. In October, 282 BH, General Maximus destroyed the Katian offensive armada in the Battle of Populonia and drove through the outposts of Sadevin, Cast, and Amarist. Finally, in November, 282 BH, the Laurasian expedition reached the system of Katie and placed it under a blockade. The world was conquered towards the end of December, 282 BH, marking Laurasia's first territorial subjugation in outer space of another spacefaring species. Such a event would be repeated innumerable times, under the aegis of the Laurasian Nations themselves, of the Stellar Republic, of the Stellar Kingdom of Laurasia, and finally, of the Laurasian Empire. A'adarg however, managed to flee with his personal household and held out until his death in 278 BH.
- The Laurasian-Darcian Expedition, after about a year's journey, reached the star system of Constantine, which was detected to be habitable and suitable for Laurasian colonization. The Expedition, however, was not expecting for the system to possess a native, space-faring species of its own. Upon entering the outskirts of the expedition, they were assaulted by a trio of starfighters and corvettes, who had greater mobility and more effective firepower than the Laurasian warships. Most of the Laurasian Expedition was annhilated (July, 282 BH), although they managed to send a message back to the communications outpost on Darcia, explaining what they had encountered and warning further Laurasian fleets from traveling in their direction. The Charasian Government, however, which was pressured by its allies Lycia and Australasia, and determined to build upon the victories obtained over the Katians and the Aroestian Plunderers, decided to dispatch a expedition under the command of Admiral Dentatus, in order to investigate what was transpiring. Dentatus arrived at Constantine I towards the end of 282 BH, but was forced to retreat by larger numbers of Constantian assault vessels. The Pan-Laurasian Space Agency was now making ferocious preparations for preparing a expeditionary force of greater size and began researching improvements of armor and military equipment.
- In the meantime, Australasian General Headquarters, determined to maintain their nation's position in space and to demonstrate the continuing progress of the Laurasians, decided to dispatch the first Laurasian diplomatic vessel to Clancia. Clancian ships had managed to reach Laurasia Prime, and diplomatic relations had been established over a subspace communications channel. Such relations, however, crawled along at a slow pace, as it took several months for messages to travel back and forth between Laurasia Prime and Clancia. The Clancian ships whom the Laurasians had encountered, had also spent many years traveling north, on Warp Four drives, and were far away from their star systems. Nevertheless, the Laurasians wanted to establish a direct link with the Clancian civilization. By the end of 282 BH, it is true, the Clancian Warp Highway had reached Maroni, from where the diplomatic expedition was to leave from. At the very end of the year, the Australasian expedition set off for Clancia, having been provided navigation information by the Clancian outposts. It was estimated that their journey of 4,000 light years, on Warp Factor 4.6 (the highest speed then achieved by Laurasian ships), would take thirty-two years.
- As the Laurasians were heading towards inevitable conflict with the Constantians of the far west, further technological and scientific developments were taking place on Laurasia Prime. Dr. Anasamius, who had remained active over the several years and had made several upgrades to the warp engines of Laurasian vessels, was now determined to push for the final technological innovation of his career: the development of a Warp Five engine. Anasamius and the physicists, engineers, and cartographers on his personal staff had made several estimates and calculations of the speed of a Warp Five vessel. It was determined that with Warp Five engines, Laurasian starships could cross a thousand light years in a little under four years. This would be half the time required for Laurasian ships with Warp Four engines. In 283 BH, Anasamius proposed his ideas to the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency and the Charasian Government, who kept them in consideration for some time. Finally, in February, 281 BH, they approved his plans. Anasamius called for the construction of a Warp Five Development Complex, which would be responsible for translating his theories into a actual engine; developing and testing new warp prototypes; and ultimately perfecting a Warp Five engine. The Conference of World and Colonial Discussions approved the project of Anasamius, and construction began on the Warp Five Complex in September, 281 BH. In December, 281 BH, Anasamius, declaring that he had accomplished his last service for the Laurasian people, embarked on his personal shuttle-craft and left Laurasia Prime. He was never heard from again, and his fate was never determined.
- The Pan-Laurasian Space Agency finally completed its assembly of a Laurasian expedition against Constantine I, again under the command of General Dentatus. This expedition was comprised of the most advanced, fastest, and armored Laurasian warships, corvettes, transports, and fighters. General Dentatus was ordered by the Space Director of the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency, Tiberius Aclair, "to employ all methods of force and coercion in order to subdue these Constantines to our might, and to communicate to them that they will not hinder our continued progress in space". Dentatus, who sought to execute the instructions to the letter, advanced with his fleet, reaching the outskirts of Constantine I by the end of November 281 BH. In a series of skirmishes with Constantinan forces at Dayis, Yalagot, and the Star of Agumes (November 281 BH-March 280 BH), the Laurasian General managed to inflict severe damage upon Constantinan positions while preserving the integrity of his own forces. The leaders of Constantine I, worried that their world would fall to the Laurasian units, sent a communique asking for help to the King of Andriana, Wor'su, with whom they had signed a military alliance in 299 BH. Wor'su, determined to gain honor for himself by engaging and defeating a species previously unknown to the Andrianians, responded to the plea for assistance. He departed from Andriana in June 280 BH, reaching Constantine I in November. The Battle of Hercalea (December, 280 BH), fought between the Laurasian expeditionary fleet and the Andrianian force, resulted in a victory for Wor'su. Wor'su's units, however, suffered greater casualties then the Laurasian units, as General Dentatus was able to send his fighters and corvettes to effectively harass the Andrianian offensive lines. Nevertheless, Dentatus was forced to retreat from Constantine I.
- Wor'su of Andriana, advancing beyond the outskirts of Constantine I, pursued General Dentatus and his force back up to Darcia. Although an offensive by the Andrianian King and his fleet against Darcia failed (January-March 279 BH), they were nevertheless able to loot Laurasian outposts and repel Laurasian colonization expeditions around the outskirts of the Darcian star system. Leaving some of his units to blockade Darcia and cut off its supply lines with the other Laurasian colonies, the Andrianian King and his force then advanced to the Cron Drift, plundering and destroying Laurasian outposts, garrisons, and supply stations along the way (April-July 279 BH). In August 279 BH, the Andrianian force reached Asculum.
- The Battle of Asculum (October, 279 BH), resulted in another victory for Wor'su and his units, although he again suffered greater casualties than the Laurasian units and was forced to terminate plans for offensives against Maroni, Janesia, and Dearton's Gateway. Nevertheless, the King of Andriana seized Aroest (November, 279 BH) and harried Laurasian communications with the colonies at the border of the Core Worlds with the Central Core. In December, the King of Andriana sent a peace offer which was rejected.
- Construction on the Warp Five Complex on Laurasia Prime continued, despite the disappearance of Ansamius.
- A second peace offer by Wor'su of Andriana is rejected by the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency (January 278 BH).
- Wor'su wins another victory, this time at Maroni, but is unable to advance in the direction of Laurasia Prime.
- Charasia, Australasia, South Westar, and Explosansis held a joint conference on Little Mexicana, in response to the instrusion of the Andrianians. It was eventually decided (March 278 BH) that the Laurasian Governments would support the rise of a anti-Andrianian faction on Constantine I, which would then seize control of the star system and align the Constantines with the Laurasians. When civil war erupted on Constantine I however (July, 278 BH), Wor'su decided to send his secondary offensive fleet back to Constantine I, so as to annex the system directly into his kingdom. This weakened his forces, however, and in August, 278 BH, a Laurasian force under the command of General Dentatus destroyed a Andrianian armada in the Battle of Clackimaris. By the end of 278 BH, Laurasian units had recovered Aroest and were driving Andrianian raiding expeditions from the direction of Janesia, Augis I, Augis II, and Oxia Vixius.
- Wor'su managed to crush the Andrianian revolt (277 BH) but was then faced with a revolt among his own officers. This allowed the Laurasians to relieve the blockade of Darcia (March 277 BH) and destroy the Andrianian intelligence center on Temporum (July-September 277 BH). In 276 BH, Wor'su managed to halt a Laurasian offensive against Constantine I, itself, obtaining a costly victory at Mamaris. He was gradually forced to retreat however, and in February, 275 BH, the Laurasians defeated him at Beneventhia. In July, 275 BH, Wor'su signed the Treaty of Caladaria with the Laurasian Nations, under the aegis of the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency. By the terms of this agreement, Constantine I was conceded to the authority of Charasia with supervision by the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency. The Charasian Government, however, agreed to recognize the continuing existence of the local institutions of the Constantians, while promising to abstain from suppressing or in any way harming the customs, religion, and language of the Constantian people. Wor'su, on his part, agreed to compensate the Laurasian Nations for all damages that he had inflicted upon their colonies, and agreed to never again violate Laurasian territory. In November, 275 BH, Wor'su and the remnants of his fleet departed for Andriana, arriving there by July, 274 BH.
- A mining colony was established by the Charasian Metallurgical Guild in the former pirate system of Sanjorios (276 BH).
- The first Almitian monastery on a non-Laurasian world was constructed at Augis V (276-275 BH).
- The last remnants of native Aquari groups on Caladaria were subdued to the Laurasian might (275 BH).
- A Laurasian embassy was established at Manil, in order to conduct relations with the Arians (276-75 BH).
- Wor'su of Andriana was assassinated by one of his bodyguards, thus bringing an end to the life of one of Laurasia's earliest enemies. Wor'su's successor, An'su, sent a message to the Pan-Laurasian intelligence outpost on Azatha II, indicating his desire to establish full-scale diplomatic relations with the Laurasian Nations. By the end of 272 BH, a Andrianian embassy had arrived at Laurasia Prime, and the Treaty of Constantinople was signed, confirming the new diplomatic affairs between the Laurasian Nations and the Stellar Kingdom of Andriana.
- First contact was made with the Metallasians, as a Laurasian colonization expedition, at the outskirts of what would become the system of Caladaria, encountered Metallasian fleet probes. The Metallasians proved to be a friendly species and opened a direct dialogue with the Laurasian Expedition, extending universal greetings and expressing their hopes for peaceful relations between the two races. In November, 272 BH, the Conference of World and Colonial Discussions held a subspace radio conference with Metallasian officials. It was agreed that embassies were to be exchanged between the two species by 270 BH.
- Charasia is colonized by a expedition dispatched by the Charasian High Command, the very same expedition which had established first contact with the Metallasians the previous year.
- Carbonite is discovered on Oxia Vixius, instigating the mining industry there.
- The Potarians are conquered by a Laurasian expeditionary force under the command of General Dentarius (July 271 BH), consolidating the Laurasian position in the vicinity of Constantine I.
- The first Laurasian embassy on Andriana is established.
- Construction begins on Belegoth's Station near Maroni, its purpose being to serve as a Laurasian supply post, intelligence center, and scout assembly center. The Station will be finished by 265 BH.
- The tensions on Laurasia Prime finally boil into full-scale conflict this year, as both South Westar and Explosansis had become disenchanted with the policies and the measures of the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency, the Conference of World and Colonial Discussions, and of Charasia itself. Charasia and her allies, Lycia and Australasia, dominated the proceedings of the Assembly. The colonization and military expenditures of the Assembly, as had been passed in 272-270 BH, provided that the majority of the revenues were to be used for the support of expeditions which supplied, defended, or reinforced Charasian, Lycian, and Australasian colonies. Only twenty percent of the budget was devoted to the support of Westarian and Exploansian colonies. In general, the shift of the Laurasian balance of power in favor of Charasia and her allies was reflected by the population, both on Laurasia Prime and among its colonies, that pledged allegiance to them; as well as the number and importance of colonies which were under the control of Charasia. By 270 BH, the population of Laurasia Prime had reached 97 billion. Although population growth on the planet had gone to considerably slower rates then had been the case in the previous century, it was close to breaking the 100-billion landmark, for the time in Laurasian history. Of those 97 billion people, nearly 45 billion lived in the territories controlled by Charasia alone, with another 15 billion in the territories controlled by Australasia and five billion in those controlled by Lycia. The remaining 32 billion lived in the territories of South Westar and Explosansis. The number of Laurasian colonies had increased to 1,000 by 270 BH. Of these, 600 were controlled by Charasia; 200 by Australasia; 150 by Lycia; twenty by South Westar, and the remaining thirty by Explosansis. Of the 1,000 delegates at the Conference of the World and Colonial Discussions in 270 BH, nearly 700 were from Charasia, Lycia, and Australasia. Of this, 550 were from Charasia alone. Thus clearly, Westar and Explosansis were outclassed.
- In late November, 271 BH, Westar and Explosansis signed a military alliance among themselves, agreeing to cooperate in military offensives against the Australasian and Charasian units in North Westar and to reject the authority of the Conference of World and Colonial Discussions. Finally, in February, 270 BH, South Westar was ready to launch a series of military offensives in Mexicana and the former Americianian States. Incidentally, in January of that year, the former Americianian states of Numbia and Screland, which had been independent for over three decades, were officially annexed by the Charasian Republic, which declared that there was "no longer any purpose" for their continuing independence. The South Westarian Government decided to use the annexation of Numbia and Screland as an excuse for instigating military conflict with Charasia and rejecting the authority of the Conference of World and Colonial Discussions. In April, 270 BH, it sent a ultimatum to the Charasian Government, demanding that Charasian military units withdraw from Numbia and Screland. The Charasian President at the time, Antigonus Oslios (270-263), decided to reject the South Westarian demands. Thereafter, South Westar petitioned the Conference of Discussions to force Charasia's hand on the issue. The Conference, dominated by the Charasian Coalition, inevitably rejected the Westarian petition. Thereafter, South Westar formally announced that it was withdrawing from the Conference and the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency (November, 270 BH). In December of that year, South Westarian armies launched a series of surprise offensives into De Loca and the Trans-Texarana, issuing a declaration of war against both Australasia and Charasia. Explosansis, on its part, declared war against Charasia (January, 269 BH) and invaded Yusania and the Plateau of Tatiana.
- Lycia, coming to the assistance of its allies Charasia and Australasia, declared war against Explosansis and South Westar (February, 269 BH). The course of the military offensives quickly came to reflect the relative strengths of the two sides. In outer space, the Charasian Coalition immediately took the advantage, as Charasian and Lycian military units launched a series of expeditions against the Explosansian and Westarian colonies. Osama, Lasa, Terravania, and Explosansia Major quickly fell to Charasian military units under the command of General Tantius Alsarius (February-July, 269 BH), while the South Westarian colonies of Little Mexicana, Azatha II, and Y'sailla were seized by Lycian units with little trouble during those same months. In the Westars, however, the advantage shifted in the favor of the Westarian armies, who were larger, more efficiently organized, and better provisioned then the Australasian and Charasian garrisons. By the end of June 269 BH, most of DeLoca had been overrun by South Westian units, while the city of Danagania was besieged and conquered by a South Westarian army. Floriana was then invaded and seized by a South Westarian expeditionary force (September 269 BH), and two months later, South Westarian armies penetrated to the outskirts of Colombia itself. By November, 269 BH, however, South Westarian armies had become overextended, and Charasia was now redirecting military units from its campaigns against the Explosansian colonies to provide support to its units in the Americianian States. The Laurasian Nations still avoided use of their warships against Laurasia Prime itself, even though such a use would have ended the conflict a lot faster. Nevertheless, in December, a South Westarian offensive into Jersania and Penania ended in failure, as Charasian units forced them to retreat. Likewise, Lycian campaigning in Yusania and Tatiana bogged down, and in February, 268 BH, Charasian General Dentatus destroyed a Lycian tank force in the Battle of Sathays. In March, Charasian armies overran Gedrosia and the Jibini Pennisula, and by June, had captured Herkorim, Gadravia, and Akkadia with little trouble. By the end of July 268 BH, Charasian units had recovered Floriana and were blockading the islands of the Syrenes Sea, while Australasian armies drove South Westarian units from the Urill Valley and penetrated to Dutronia in Texarana. By November, 268 BH, most of DeLoca had been recovered and South Westarian units had begun retreating into Mexicana.
- Then, in December 268 BH, Charasia and Lycia, deploying Space Marine units and elite assault squadrons, instigated a series of landings in Westarian territory, with their armies securing position in Demetriana, Southiana, and Brazania. By the end of February, 267 BH, the entire South Westarian navy had been destroyed and the coastal regions had been effectively secured by the Coalition units. This coincided with a successful Australasian offensive into Mexicana, which had driven all Westarian units towards the direction of the Yippie Cities. The islands of the Syrenes Sea were then secured with little effort by Charasian and Australasian naval units (March-July, 267 BH), while Charasian armies conquered Paujaica, Mixing, Exarlia, Letousia, and the Horn of Explosansis from Explosanian forces. A Australasian expedition landed in Hottentia and soon severed the continent in half, separating the units in South Explosansis from those in the regions around Mixing and the Pillars of Hercules. Explosansis, which was collapsing in anarchy, surrendered in September, 267 BH. The following month, a combined Charasian-Lycian-Australasian force destroyed the South Westarian city of Asulia. The last President of South Westar, Messalina Ansathoria (275-267 BH) was herself killed, fighting Charasian and Australasian soldiers to the death with her advisers. South Westarian and Explosansian territories were then placed under military occupation.
- The Treaty of Heliotrope was signed, dealing with the deposition of the territories formerly held on Laurasia Prime and in outer space by the nations of South Westar and Explosansis. By the terms of the treaty, Australasia acquired Mexicana, Southiana, and the Western Provinces of South Westar, including Demetriana and the Southern Joint. Charasia, on its part, acquired the regions of the Syrenes Sea and Brazania. As regards to Explosansis, Australasia acquired the island of Oceanic Explosansis and the regions of Hottentia, South Explosansis, and the Banthuia, while Charasia acquired Letousia, Mixing, Paujaica, Exarlia, the Horn of Explosansis, and the regions of the Herculian Desert. Lycia acquired all of the South Westarian colonies while Charasia similarly took the Explosansian colonies. Lycia and Australasia were also to be compensated financially for their assistance of Charasia in the conflict.
- A Charasian expedition under the command of General Publius Vathanius launched a surprise offensive against Andriana, whose King An'su had died in August, 267 BH. The world, which had posed such a threat to the Laurasian Nations under Wor'su, was caught off guard, with most of its military corps having been disarmed by An'su before his death. General Vathanius seized control of the star system with little trouble and annexed it to the territories of the Charasian Democratic Republic in space.
- In this year, a important first contact was made which would have major consequences for the Laurasian Nations and have repercussions for the continuing expansion and consolidation of the Laurasian colonial territories in the Core Worlds. As has already been mentioned, the Laurasians had established first contact with the Metallasians and had begun to conduct diplomatic relations with that species. In 267 BH, the representatives of the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency, primarily of the Charasian, Lycian, and Australasian Governments, held a series of conferences with Metallasian officials at Charasia and eventually agreed to the Treaty of Charasia-in-Space, by which the nations of Laurasia Prime and their colonies agreed to "maintain peaceful and tranquil relations with the peoples and colonists subject to the authority of the Metallasian Trade Council; and to not engage in any act which could damage Metallasian interests". The Metallasians, in turn, agreed to allow Laurasian ships to have access to the navigational information they had attained and to travel freely across their space. A Laurasian commercial expedition, by the provisions of the Treaty of Charasia, was dispatched from there in February, 265 BH, and immediately proceed by juncture of Metallasia, determined to follow the information the Metallasians had provided about those regions. In April, 265 BH, the Laurasians made first contact with the Jennites, who had obtained speeds of Warp Three and had only began establishing colonies around their home star system two decades earlier. The commander of the Laurasian expedition, Sir Josephus Casius, sent back information about the Jennites and expressed his hope to his superiors that the Laurasian nations could establish peaceful relations with them.
- However, the Jennites were themselves to be soon exposed to a vigorous and expansionist species which was determined to assert its own position in the north-western Core Worlds: the Heuthrians. The Heuthrians in fact, had been in space longer than the Laurasians: the first Heuthrian satellite into outer space had been launched in 495 BH, well over fifty years before the Hirearchia had been launched by the Lycian Union; and the first extra-solar Heuthrian colony, Acia, had been established in 424 BH. Thus, the Heuthrians had a larger military, a greater network of colonies and posts, and more advanced (Warp Five) technology than the Laurasians possessed. In 266 BH, the Heuthrian outpost at Rikos VIII had received the Extender of Relations that warp-driven probe which the Laurasians had launched in 297 BH. They had thus become aware of the Laurasian civilization and were determined to push their boundaries in that direction: some Heuthrians even entertained notions of eventually conquering the Laurasian worlds and extending the width of Heuthrian territory all the way to the "Galactic Core", which the Heuthrians believed to be the edge of the Galaxy. As such, in September, 265 BH, Jenny was attacked and plundered by a Heuthrian expedition under the command of Hanno. Shortly thereafter Heuthrian fleets clashed with Laurasian patrols near Metallasia and Willamson, driving them towards Charasia. Metallasia itself was threatened in November, 265 BH, but Hanno ultimately decided to turn away from the world. By the end of December, 265 BH, Heuthrian parties, utilizing their superior speed, had penetrated all the way to Charasia and Ralina Vixius, inflicting severe damage upon Laurasian defenses.
- The commander of the Laurasian garrison at Charasia, Menaleus Heurus, was commanded by the Charasian High Command to attempt to establish peaceful relations with the Heuthrians and negotiate treaties with them which would terminate their raids and offensives. Heurus did as he was told, dispatching a Laurasian emissary northwards to Metallasia in an attempt to hold a diplomatic conference with Hanno and his officers. Hanno, however, haughtily rejected the Laurasian attempts, and in March, 264 BH, a detachment of Heuthrian corvettes annihilated a Laurasian armada near Guinan. Heuthrian starships launched surprise strikes against Venusia, Augis I, Augis II, Katie, Sarah, Luceulum, Tarentum, and other Laurasian colony-worlds (March-November, 264 BH), evading retribution by Laurasian warships and patrol craft. In December, 264 BH, the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency and the Conference of World and Colonial Discussions authorized the union of all Laurasian colonial, patrol, and expeditionary forces into one Laurasian General Command, so as to coordinate efforts against the Heuthrian expeditions.
- The Australasian Diplomatic Expedition to Charasia reaches the Clancian colony at Conservan and is replenished by Clancian authorities there. As a result of adjustments to the warp drives of the diplomatic warships and of the existence of warp corridors which had greatly accelerated their journey, they now expected to reach Clancia within the next three years.
- After two years of expeditions, raids, and ambushes in Laurasian territory, the Laurasian General Mytus Invacarius finally managed to encounter and defeat Hanno's fleet in the Battle of the Cron Drift. Hanno, who had been contemplating offensives against Caladaria, Darcia, Maroni, and Janesia, was now forced to abandon those plans and to begin his gradual retreat northwards. By the end of 262 BH, the Heuthrian General had retreated all the way back to Jenny. In response to the Heuthrian incursions, Laurasian garrisons on all colony-worlds were expanded, while research efforts at the Warp Five Complex were intensified.
- Construction begins on the Neuron Plantita Station in orbit of Laurasia Prime. The Lycian and Charasian Space Agencies cooperated with each other in this effort.
- For the first time, the population of a Laurasian colony-world broke the one-billion landmark, which was achieved by Oxia Vixius. Caladaria was another Laurasian colony-world whose population had increased rapidly, from 230 million in 288 BH to almost 750 million by 262 BH.
- The Pan-Laurasian Space Agency and the Laurasian World Assembly decided, by a joint resolution, to dispatch a Laurasian expedition, comprised of Charasian, Australasian, and Lycian units, in order to launch a series of offensives against Jenny, Mercedes, Rainnan, and the outskirts of Metallasia, so as to dislodge the Heuthrians from those regions and gain revenge for the penetrating raids and operations which the Heutherian armadas had launched into Laurasian space. A intensive militarization and expansion effort had been conducted by the nations of Laurasia Prime, with Laurasian shipyards at Augis V, Ralina Vixius, Oxia Vixius, Sarah, Luceulum, Tarentum, and Maroni producing a large number of Laurasian corvettes, dreadnoughts, and "nuclear submarines", ships equipped with nuclear-powered projectiles and the fastest Warp Four drives then available to the Laurasians. Finally, in February, 261 BH, the Laurasian Expedition, under the command of the Charasian General L. Postumius Megellus, departed from the Laurasian garrison near Metallasia and pushed into the Heuthrian territories. The Heuthrians, anticipating a Laurasian offensive, had increased their garrison on Jenny, and dispatched units to Chloe, comprised mostly of impressed Chlorites and Constantian mercenaries, in order to block the Laurasian progress. Hannibal Grisco, the commander of the Jennian garrison, decided to maintain his main troops in defensive formation, refusing to engage the Laurasians outside of his defenses.
- Consequently, the Laurasians managed to defeat the units of Chloe in a short confrontation there, and approached the outskirts of Jenny. Their supply lines had become extended, however, and it required journeys lasting months in order to resupply Laurasian units from Constantine I and the outposts of Katie and Metallasia. Thus (June, 261 BH), Hannibal Grisco decided to launch an offensive against the Laurasian units, sending his corvettes and rapid-fire transports against the front of the Laurasian lines. The Laurasians, surprised by the Heuthrian sally, now fled and pulled back their positions. Heuthrian attempts to break the Laurasian main command line, however, ended in failure, although the Laurasians did suffer many losses. Hannibal now became reluctant to attack again, with the Laurasians realizing they had underestimated their enemy. The Laurasians, who had managed to improve their supply lines, now imposed a blockade of Jenny, deciding to sever Heuthrian routes to the star system. The siege stage of the battle began in July, 261 BH, and continued for several months, as the Jennites and Heuthrians refused to surrender. By November, 261 BH, supplies had begun to run out for Hannibal Grisco and his garrison. Hannibal now sent subspace torpedoes to the Heuthrian outpost on Sauvania, managing to evade the Laurasian ships portraying the northern reaches to Heuthros. Heuthros sent a relief force which was commanded by Hanno. Hanno, who arrived in February, 260 BH, concentrated his troops at Danstin, about twelve light years west of Jenny. Conquering the Laurasian supply base at Hebresos, he managed to cause shortages in the camp of the Laurasian rear, and then sent his corvette units forward, ordering them to feign retreat to lure the Laurasian battleships out. The Laurasians fell for the ploy and pursued the corvette units, meeting the main Heuthrian armada. They suffered many losses as a result. Hanno, taking position at the Jennian outskirt world of Trebesos, engaged in many skirmishes and raiding operations against the Laurasian units, dragging the siege of Jenny out further.
- Finally, in April, 260 BH (according to the account of the 2nd century BH Laurasian historian, Polybius), the Laurasian fleet under General Megellus decided to launch a offensive against the Heuthrian relief force. A fierce battle ensued, as Hanno managed to inflict losses on Laurasian starfighter units and parried Laurasian attacks on his right flank and his central positions. The Laurasians, however, managed to employ overwhelming numbers and their more organized command capabilities in order to obtain a major victory over the Heuthrians. They nevertheless suffered many losses; by now, nearly half of the original Laurasian Expeditionary Force was destroyed, and much of it had been replaced by reinforcements dispatched by the Space Agency over the preceding months. Following the battle, Hanno was forced to retreat, and the Heuthrian garrison was left to the mercy of the Laurasians. Jenny finally fell to the Laurasian invaders in October, 260 BH, and General Megellus had the world punished by being plundered. Nearly half of the Jennite population was deported or imprisoned, while the planet's cities were devastated. The Laurasians carted off most of the Heuthrian prisoners to penal colonies on Osama and Explosansia Major. Hannibal Grisco, however, managed to escape.
- The Laurasian Diplomatic Expedition to Clancia finally reached the world (August, 260 BH) and was greeted by King Tiegas Lore III, who ruled from 275 to 244 BH. The King entertained the Expedition lavishly, and commended them on having the courage to make the long journey to Clancia. Negotiations between the Clancian and the Laurasian Governments now commenced in earnest, and the King began preparations for insuring the establishment of the Laurasian Embassy on Clancia.
- The Battle of Mylae, a major encounter between the Laurasian and the Heuthrian fleets, took place at Mylae, just three light years north of Jenny (November-December, 260 BH). The Laurasian fleet was commanded by Admiral Gaius Duilius, who had served as one of General Megellus's chief flank commanders and as his naval advisor. Hannibal Grisco, who had reorganized his units with reinforcements dispatched by Heuthros, commanded the Heuthrian armada arrayed against the Laurasians. The Laurasians managed to obtain a tactical victory, forcing Hannibal Griscos's starships to retreat. Hannibal Grisco's fleet, however, remained intact, although it could not maintain its control over Mylae. Following this battle, a Laurasian fleet seized Rainnon and Rucell.
- Hamilcar, who had been dispatched by the Heuthrian Government, now launched an offensive against Kelby, which had rebelled against the authority of the Heuthrian Republic and had signed a alliance with Charasia and the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency (259 BH). A Laurasian force under the command of General Megellus advanced towards I-Ogan and Tirka, defeating Heuthrian scouting units and establishing a link with Kelby. General Megellus dispatched another force, under the command of I'rgul, to repel Heuthrian plundering expeditions against Andriana, Constantine I, and Wroona. This force obtained a minor victory at Thermae but was then destroyed by Hamilcar's subordinate Thicar in the Battle of Share. Following this, Hamilcar managed to finally conquer Kelby and to inflict a decisive defeat upon General Megellus, forced to retreat back towards Rainnon. The Fields of Rainnon and Guyah were then overran by the Heuthrians in late 259 BH. Hamilcar then advanced as far as Camarina and even considered options for a renewed offensive against Andriana. In February, 258 BH, however, Camarina and Guyah were recovered by the Laurasians, who then isolated Heuthrian units in the Fields of Rainnon. Dearton's Gateway and Maroni, however, were raided by Heuthrian expeditions, as were Scout and Mercedes, which had been secured by Laurasian units. The Laurasians retaliated by attacking the Heuthrian base at Paronius (August 258 BH), but were unable to take the stronghold.
- The Charasian Government instigated a major administrative reform of its territories (September 258 BH). Charasia Major, the Fallorian Provinces, the Cellini Middle East, the Americianian and Caudisan Provinces, the Westarian Provinces, and the territories of the moons, alongside the Charasian colonies, were reorganized, each being given a governor, vice-governor, advisory council, legislative assembly, and system of judicial chambers. By this point, the Charasian government had begun to actively encourage the use of Charasian as the sole language within its dominions. It was now forbidden for Americianian, the various Explosansian languages, Fallorian, Yusanian, Jibinite, Jatherian, or Inorian to be used for official purposes within the Charasian dominions. Many former Americanian, Truite, and other such cities were also given Charasian names, with the exceptions of such cities as Soriana, Columbia, Herkorim, and Yusana, among others.
- The Pan-Laurasian Space Agency and the Charasian High Command gave their approval to a major Laurasian expedition, which had been organizing in November, 258 BH and had departed from Laurasian supply posts near Metallasia in January, 257 BH. This expedition, commanded by the Charasian General Marcus Regilus and the Australasian Admiral Lucius Longus, was intended to penetrate all the way to Heuthros itself; the Laurasians had captured navigational information pinpointing the location of the Heuthrian homeworld. The High Command and the Space Agency hoped that such a expedition, if successful, would inflict severe damage within the Heuthrian home systems and would force the Heuthrian Republic into signing a peace treaty with the Laurasian Nations. The Expedition was equipped with the fastest Warp Four drives available to the Laurasians, with the most advanced polaric compounded armor, and with the new photonic torpedoes, far more powerful then the nuclear-generated space projectiles and laser torpedoes which had been employed previously. The Expedition advanced slowly towards Heuthros, besieging and conquering Heuthrian outposts on Tara, Buckingham, and Amy along the way (February-December, 257 BH). Finally, in January, 256 BH, it reached Economus, a Heuthrian colony located about thirty-five light years to the southeast of Heuthros proper. There, the Heuthrians, learning of the Laurasian movements, had hastily assembled a naval force, under the command of Hamilcar and Hanno. The resulting Battle of Economus was a Laurasian victory, as Admiral Longus managed to successfully break the Heuthrian supply lines. The remaining Heuthrian squadrons retreated, and Economus became a Laurasian stronghold. By August, 256 BH, Laurasian units were approaching the outskirts of Zeena, one of the most populous and important Heuthrian colonies. General Regilus managed to win a victory at Adys (September, 256 BH) and then besieged Zeena, which fell to the Laurasian units (January, 255 BH). By April, however, the Laurasian supply lines had become overextended, and Xannipus, a Heuthrian officer, now took command of the Heuthrian forces and employed the still-superior Heuthrian FTL technology to his advantage. A series of confrontations at Ighia, Iayto, and Aetheros ensued, inflicting severe losses upon the Heuthrian units (September-November, 255 BH). Finally, in December, 255 BH, the Laurasian force was surrounded and virtually annhilated at Tunis, some eighty light years south of Heuthros. Regilus himself was captured by the Heuthrians, and Xannipus was now hailed as a hero. The Laurasian outpost on Riso, about thirty light-years northwest of Metallasia, which had been established in 257 BH as part of the continuing Laurasian colonization efforts around Laurasia Prime, received notice of the loss of the expedition in February, 254 BH.
- The news of the expedition's defeat by the Heuthrians under Xannipus startled many on Laurasia Prime, and some began to believe that Heuthros could never be directly threatened. By this point, however, substantial progress had finally been made in the Warp Five projects that had been instigated by Anasamius. The Warp Five Complex had finally been completed and dedicated in 265 BH, with the outbreak of the First Heuthrian War hastening work on the research. In 259 BH, Anasamian Propulsion Systems and the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency constructed several prototypes of a Warp Five drive, testing these devices at Osama and Lama the following year. The tests (258-57 BH), proved to be a success, as the Laurasian ships were able to reach speeds of Warp 4.9999, being thus on the brink of breaking Warp Five. In 256 BH, the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency General Headquarters authorized the construction of a new cruiser, the PLS Antieprira, to serve as a testbed model for the Warp Five drive. Construction on the ship began in October, 256 BH, and was completed in January, 254 BH, with the ship being commissioned into service by the Charasian President at the time, Messalina Anagoria (257-250 BH). The ship itself had a revolutionary design, bearing the heaviest armor installed on a Laurasian warship to that point, and comprised of advanced automated computer systems, alongside photonic torpedoes and "force fields", fields which repelled stellar elements that could be harmful to the ship's hull. It underwent a series of shakedown tests, and in July, 254 BH, fulfilled the expectations of the Space Agency and the Charasian Government, as it became the first Laurasian starship to break Warp Five. After several more tests, the ship's engine was permanently tuned to Warp Five traveling levels, and the engine was now introduced on other Laurasian starships. With this, the Laurasians now had more parity with the Heuthrians.
- Laurasian squadrons, assembled at Andriana, Scout, Mercedes, Constantine I, Ralina Vixius, Charasia, Clackimaris, and Metallasia, were now prepared for a renewed offensive against the Heuthrian units. Over the preceding two years, the Laurasians had refitted all of their vessels with the new Warp Five engines, besides upgrading them with improved polarized armor and photonic torpedoes. The Charasian High Command and Space Agency Headquarters were now confident that the Laurasian Nations would be able to inflict defeats upon the Heuthrians, and that the Heuthrian core territories could now be challenged. The Heuthrians, on their part, had strengthened the garrisons on their outlying colony-worlds, but had taken no further measures for their fleets. The Laurasians now launched an offensive against Kelby (February, 252 BH), reconquering the stronghold and destroying most of the Heuthrian units. Heuthrian offensives against Mercedes, Andriana, and Radell were blunted (March-June, 252 BH), and the Laurasian forces soon destroyed the Heuthrian outpost on Charos. In July, 252 BH, however, a Laurasian offensive against Libanium, a major Heuthrian colony about seventy light-years northwest of Metallasia, ended in failure, and many of the Laurasian corvettes were destroyed or captured. A Laurasian offensive against Xacia was foiled by Xannipus, who then raided and plundered the outskirts of Charasia, Clackimaris, and Explosansis Major (August-October, 252 BH).
- The Laurasians, however, prevented Xannipus from advancing any further into their dominions, and by November, 252 BH, the front lines had once again been stabilized. In December, the Laurasians attacked the Heuthrian shipyard of Pantomius, inflicting severe damage upon the facilities before retreating. In January, 251 BH, General Lysimachus Asugus was appointed by President Anagoria as the commander of the Laurasian forces. He launched an offensive against the Heuthrian agriworld of Kilarium (March, 251 BH), seizing it and confiscating most of the Heuthrian goods and agricultural equipment. The following month, he launched a further offensive against Pantomius; this time, the world was conquered. Kephalodon, a major Heuthrian intelligence outpost, was overrun by the Laurasian units two months later. The Heuthrians, however, now fought fiercely, and the Laurasians were unable to clear their outposts from the regions directly north of Metallasia. General Asugus, however, finally confronted Xannipus at Kassner (August, 251 BH), finally defeating him and annihilating most of the Heuthrian warships. Over the following months, the Heuthrian colonies of Ietas, Solous, Petra, and Tyndaris surrendered to the Laurasian units, and Heuthrian outposts around Metallasia were finally cleared.
- The Laurasian forces now shifted their attention to the regions west of Constantine I. General Asugus was commanded to dispatch Heuthrian starfighter and dreadnought units against Libanium, which the High Command was determined to seize. The General himself commanded Laurasian units that seized Heuthrian garrisons on Selinous and Hercalea Minoa, ravaging those worlds so brutally that they would never be inhabited again. This second Laurasian expedition to Libanium, however, was not successful, and in July, 250 BH, the Heuthrians managed to destroy a Laurasian transport armada near Celestia. Heuthrian raids against Laurasian outposts on Xoca and Garvier (August-September 250 BH), inflicted severe damage on the Laurasian garrisons there. General Asugus, however, prevented Heuthrian units from moving towards Constantine I. Sargent, however, was overran by the Laurasians (November, 250 BH), who now dispatched a scouting expedition towards Ganog.
- The Laurasian Almitian Church was finally reunified after over six centuries. The successors of Pope Benedict the Reformer had continued his negotiations with the leaders and the administrative bodies of the various Reformed Almitian denominations. The Conferences of Ralina Vixius (290 BH); Darcia (282 BH); and Augis V (276 BH) accomplished little, however, for the Reformed Almitian leaders were still opposed to the idea of acknowledging the Pope's authority and were still divided by deep ideological disputes among themselves. The Traditionalist Almitian Church, having successfully brought the Truites back into the Almitian fold, continued to attempt to persuade them to change their views. Finally, in 253 BH, Leo "the Compromiser" became the Pope of the Almitian Church. Leo was willing to compromise with the leaders of the Reformed Almitian denominations on matters of theology, administration, and church finances. In 252 BH, they agreed to hold a new conference with Laurasian officials on Venusia. After two years of negotiations, the Concordat of Venusia was finally signed (February 27, 250 BH). By the terms of this agreement, the 255 Reformed Almitian denominations in existence within the Laurasian territories agreed to acknowledge the renewed authority of the Pope, and to accept that their denominations were part of a unified Almitian Church, for the first time in over six hundred years. The terms of the Concordat concerning this were to become effective from January 1, AA 2151 (January 1, 249 BH). The Pope, on his part, however, agreed to acknowledge that the churches of each particular denomination were to retain their vestments, services, and administration, and that the Church Conclave could not interfere with their internal affairs unless if the leaders of that denomination assented. Each denomination also retained the right to adhere to its own liturgy procedures and to not acknowledge the Pope while conducting its church services. However, they agreed to acknowledge the Pope as the supreme religious official, and his papal bulls, as regards to their obligations, were now construed to extend to Reformed Almitians as well. The Concordat of Venusia was endorsed by the Conference of World and Colonial Discussions in November, 250 BH.
- The population of Laurasia Prime surpassed 100 billion for the first time, according to the World Census commissioned by the Conference of World and Colonial Discussions and the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency (December, 250 BH). Of the four remaining countries of Laurasia Prime (Charasia, Lycia, Australasia, and Papal Mararia), Charasia was the most powerful, wealthiest, and most influential nation. With the dismemberment of South Westar and Explosansis, Charasian influence and power within the organizations of the Conference and the Agency had increased yet further. Of the 100 billion people who resided on Laurasia Prime proper, nearly sixty billion acknowledged the authority of the Charasian Government. Twenty-five billion acknowledged Australasia's jurisdiction, while fourteen billion fell under the rule of the Lycian Democratic Union and one billion under the direct rule of Papal Mararia. 660 of the 1,000 delegates to the Conference of World and Colonial Discussions were from Charasian territories. In space, as well, the Charasian Republic held a clear dominance. By 250 BH, the number of Laurasian colonies had increased to almost 1,200. Seven hundred of these colonies were controlled by Charasia, which also controlled nearly 60% of the Laurasian naval strength and 54% of its army strength. Charasia's economy was the largest on Laurasia Prime, and it had the most advanced exploration fleet. By 250 BH, certain circles within the Charasian Government had become ambitious, hoping to now unify the entire planet and its colonies under the rule of one government, the Charasian Government. This goal was to be accomplished within the next twenty years.
- The Laurasian Expeditionary Force, under the command of General Asugus, now advanced from Sargent towards Drepana, which served as a major Heuthrian stronghold and supply outpost. The Laurasian units besieged and conquered the Heuthrian outposts of K110, K111, and K112 with little challenge (January-February, 249 BH) and then annihilated a Heuthrian patrol force at Xerta (March, 249 BH). The Laurasians now believed that Drepana would fall easily, and that, using their newly developed Warp Five drives, they could now attack the Heuthrian core territories on equal terms. These Laurasian hopes, however, were to prove false, as Hamilcar Barca, the father of that general Hannibal who was eventually to become so formidable an enemy to the Laurasians, now took command of Drepana's garrison. He commanded for mines to be laid out across the outskirts of the star system, and had all of his warships in reserve, ready to strike upon the Laurasians when they were least expecting it. Finally, in July, 249 BH, the Laurasian armada advanced towards Drepana. The Heuthrian General deployed his reserve units against the overextended and overconfident Laurasians, and their lines broke. General Asugus himself barely evaded capture, and virtually the entire Laurasian fleet was destroyed. Following this victory, the Heuthrian General reconquered K110-12, destroyed a Laurasian garrison at Shan, and even threatened the outskirts of Sargent, launching devastating raids into the worlds of the Constantine Cluster (August-December, 249 BH). By the end of 249 BH, Laurasian units had been forced to retreat back across some ninety light years.
- The Clancian Trunk Line is extended to Reoyania. By now, more regular Laurasian relations with the Clancians have been established.
- The Heuthrian Great Council appointed Hamilcar Barca as the commander of its forces at Libanium, Ganong, and the farther Metallasian Strongholds (January, 247 BH), determined to hold back the Laurasian forces and to maintain Heuthrian control in those regions. Hamilcar Barca, who was a talented officer and a determined military commander, arrived at the Heuthrian operational headquarters on Courdina V (which enters Laurasian records for the first time), in March, 247 BH and immediately asserted his firm command over the Heuthrian forces. Many of the Heuthrian units had been ravaged by mutinies and internal dissent over the preceding months, and the Heuthrian General had to devote his efforts, during his first months in command, to suppressing these tensions and punishing those who had disobeyed the commands of their officers. In the meantime, the Laurasian forces under the command of General Asugus besieged and conquered Heuthrian outposts on Ika V, Sargais, and A'Ganun (June-October, 247 BH). By November, 247 BH, however, the Heuthrian General had finally consolidated his command and had reorganized his units, prepared to launch a series of raids and military strikes against the Laurasian units. He recovered Ika V (December 1, 247 BH) and then defeated General Asugus's chief subordinate, Numerius Buteo, at Vargara (December 17, 247 BH).
- By the end of January, 246 BH, both Sargais and A'Ganun had been recovered by the Heuthrians, who launched a major raiding operation against Sargent the following month. Sargent remained in Laurasian possession, but suffered severe damage to its fortifications. Hannibal then repelled a Laurasian offensive against Libanium (March 246 BH) and strengthened the defenses of Ganong before moving against the Laurasian stronghold of Tydaris. Tydaris was conquered (April 2, 246 BH), and six days later, he besieged and conquered the base of Loci, forcing General Asugus to terminate plans for a siege of Murcuopa.
- He then invaded and conquered Ecta, which had been discovered by Heuthrian probes just two years earlier (April 29, 246 BH). The native Ectians, who had advanced only to an Industrial Age level of development, were easily subdued and impressed as labor by the Heuthrinans. From Ecta, Hannibal now launched daring raids against a variety of Laurasian strongholds. Sargent was finally conquered (May 246 BH), from which Heuthrian task forces made raids into the Constantine Cluster, threatening Constantine I, Scout, Mercedes, Kelby, Chloe, Jenny, and Andriana. Wroona was harried by Heuthrian starfighters (June, 246 BH), and even Aroest was penetrated by Heuthrian probes. General Asugus managed to repel a Heuthrian offensive against Guyah but was unable to save Camarina from a Heuthrian offensive (August, 246 BH). Hamilcar Barca, however, now improved the discipline and organization of his forces, and he used the supplies and weaponry captured in his raids to his advantage. Laurasian offensives against Sargent, Ganong, and Libanium, aiming to terminate the Heuthrian threat, failed (September, 246-February, 245 BH).
- In March, 245 BH, a Heuthrian expedition, now confident that the Laurasian Nations would not be able to expand further, was dispatched against Katherine, which itself enters Laurasian historical records for the first time. The Katherinans, who had not yet developed warp technology, were easily subdued by the Heuthrians. From this base, Heuthrian units destroyed the Laurasian outposts on Riso, Petra, and Ietas (February-April, 245 BH). In June, 245 BH, the Charasian High Command issued a red alert for all Laurasian colonies, and the defenses of Charasia, Clackimaris, Explosansia Major, Ralina Vixius, and Katie, among other strongholds, were now strengthened. A Laurasian garrison was stationed at Metallasia on 5 August, although that world retained its political independence. General Asugus, now viewed as ineffective, was removed from his command in September, 245 BH, and replaced with the Caudisan Admiral Marcarus Linius. Admiral Linius, however, proved equally ineffective, and in November, was unable to prevent a Heuthrian raiding expedition against Rainnan. In November, he in turn was replaced with Admiral Atilus Bubus, who proved equally ineffective.
- In January, 244 BH, General Asugus, who had managed to rehabilitate his position with his superiors, was again appointed as the Commander-in-Chief of the Laurasian Expeditionary Forces. The following month, he launched a renewed siege of Murcuopa, determined to conquer that stronghold and to weaken the threat from the Heuthrians. Hamilcar Barca, however, now reacted to this, and on 12 January, seized the Laurasian supply outpost of Ecte, a welcome position for his troops. He then besieged and conquered Ertyx (January 17, 244 BH), which itself had been overrun by Laurasian units three years earlier. He then positioned his troops between Ertyx and Murcuopa, threatening the Laurasian supply lines. In a series of confrontations at Vedis, Sargent, and Vepania (February-June, 244 BH), he managed to inflict severe losses upon the Laurasian units. General Asugus was finally forced to terminate his seize of Murcuopa in July, 244 BH, and to retreat back to the strongholds of the Constantine Cluster. For the remainder of 244 BH, Hamilcar Barca again harried the western Laurasian outposts and garrisons, while repelling Laurasian moves against Heuthrian bases. In December, 244 BH, General Asugus was dismissed for the last time, and replaced with the Lycian Admiral Fundanius. Fundanius managed to halt a Heuthrian raid against Mercedes (January, 243 BH) and destroyed a Heuthrian starfighter squadron at Ben (January 27, 243 BH). In February, Hamilcar Barca, who needed to reorganize his supply lines, requested for a truce, to last for four months, so that both sides could recover from the exertions of conflict. Fundanius replied arrogantly, however, declaring that he thought Hamilcar was requesting for a truce because the Heuthrians "acknowledged the supremacy of our race". Hamilcar, enraged at this, decided thus to launch vigorous offensives against Laurasian outposts. Constantine I was penetrated and comprehensively looted (February 27, 243 BH), and in March, Wroona was overrun by a Heuthrian task force. In April, Hamilcar had the Laurasian colony on Brendan savagely uprooted, with great loss of life. In June, Aroest was raided again, and Heuthrian expeditions approached the boundary of the Central Core. The Pan-Laurasian Space Agency, alarmed at the Heuthrian advances, and fearful that Hamilcar Barca would ultimately threaten the Laurasian strongholds of the Upper Clancian Warp Highway, authorized for the construction of the new Vindicator and Gods of Wrath classes, corvettes equipped with Warp Five devices and armed with photonic torpedoes, a stock of nuclear projectiles, and homing lasers. The first fleet of these corvettes appeared in July, 243 BH, shortly after Hamilcar had besieged and conquered Scout, posing a serious threat to Laurasian positions around Caladaria and Darcia. They managed to repel Hamilcar's offensive against Americana-in-Space (August, 243 BH) and destroyed the Heuthrian outpost on Jerp (September 1, 243 BH) before securing Aroest (October, 243 BH).
- By the end of 243 BH, Hamilcar had retreated from Scout and was moving his units back towards Wroona, Constantine I, and the outskirts of Sargent. In 242 BH, the Laurasian Subjugation Force, under the command of General Marcus Aellius, departed from its base on Darcia and launched a series of swift offensives against the Heuthrian positions. General Aellius recovered Tyndaris (February, 242 BH) and destroyed a Heuthrian transport fleet near Rainnon (March 1, 242 BH) before recovering Constantine I, Scout, and Sargent (April 242 BH). By the end of July 242 BH, Laurasian units were moving towards Petra and Ietas, and Hamilcar Barca was now forced to expand the garrisons of those worlds. In August, 242 BH, Ertyx was besieged and conquered by a Laurasian battalion, and on 2 September, General Aellius recovered Ecte. By October, the Laurasian units had restored the supply lines of Metallasia, and on 9 October, Vedis was reconquered. Hamilcar Barca, however, repelled Laurasian offensives against Vepania, Murcuopa, and Camarina (October-December, 242 BH), maintaining his position at Libanium. This was not to last, however, as the Laurasian units were now amassing for a final, decisive offensive. The Heuthrian forces were exhausted by the long conflict, which had dragged on for more than two decades, and were no longer as capable of holding off coordinated Laurasian offensives as in the past. They had also lost the technological advantage to the Laurasians, for Laurasian warships now possessed Warp Five drives and more advanced weaponry then before.
- The Pan-Laurasian Space Agency and Charasian High Command now planned for a series of final, decisive military campaigns in order to conquer Libanium, Vepania, Drepana, and Ganong, and to force Hamilcar Barca to come to terms with the Laurasian Nations. In January, 241 BH, final authorization for these military campaigns was given by the Charasian President, Demetrius Murgus (243-237 BH), and in February, the Laurasian units advanced. Penetrating Heuthrian defenses and outracing Heuthrian patrols, General Aellius besieged and conquered Camarina (February 27, 241 BH); inflicted severe damage on the fortifications of Murcuopa (March, 241 BH); and destroyed a Heuthrian fleet at Guyah (April 2, 241 BH), before overrunning the Heuthrian bases on Ecta, Sargais, and A'Ganun (April-May 241 BH). By 2 June, Murcuopa had been blockaded by Laurasian units, while a Laurasian squadron had advanced towards Ganong and cleared Heuthrian mines from around Libanium. Hamilcar Barca now launched a series of counteroffensives against Wroona, Guyah, and Tyndaris which ended in failure (June-July, 241 BH). By the beginning of August, 241 BH, the Laurasians had conquered Ganong and were on the verge of taking Murcuopa. Hamilcar Barca, sallying forth from Libanium, now launched a final counteroffensive, clashing with a Laurasian task force under the command of Admiral Gaius Catulus in the Battle of Aegatea (September 10, 241 BH). The Laurasians took advantage of Heuthrian exhaustion and organizational weaknesses however, and inflicted a crushing defeat upon them. Hamilcar Barca was forced to flee to Zeena, and Vepania (11 September); Ganong (12-14 September); and Drepana (19 September) now fell in quick succession to the Laurasian forces. Murcuopa was finally overrun (October 2, 241 BH), and most of the Heuthrian garrison was imprisoned at Charasia, Clackimaris, and Ika V.
- Five days later, Libanium itself finally came under the attack of Laurasian units. It finally fell to the Laurasian Expeditionary Force (November 6, 241 BH), and the Laurasians now consolidated their rule of the Heuthrian territories of the Trans-Constantine Cluster. Laurasian forces began moving towards Courdina V, and on 16 November, Hamilcar Barca sued for peace. Negotiations began at Lutatius, a Heuthrian agricultural colony about five light-years northwest of Murcuopa. The Treaty of Lutatius was signed (December 6, 241 BH), being ratified by the Heuthrian Great Council on 17 December and the General Assembly of the Conference of World and Colonial Discussions on 25 December. By the terms of the Treaty of Lutatius, Vepania, Drepana, Ganong, Libanium, and the other Heuthrian colonies, outposts, and garrisons of the Trans-Constantine Regions, from Metallasia to Courdina V, were conceded to the Laurasian Nations. In reality, however, Charasia assumed the governance of these territories, which further strengthened its position at the expense of Australasia, Lycia, and Mararia. The Heuthrians agreed to return all Laurasian prisoners of war without demanding a ransom; to pay an indemnity to the Laurasian Nations for expenses incurred in the conflict; and to acknowledge Laurasian rights in the Constantine Cluster. The Heuthrians also agreed to acknowledge the independence of Metallasia and her colonies and to establish a embassy on Laurasia Prime. The Laurasian Nations, on their part, released all Heuthrian prisoners of war and agreed to establish their own embassy on Heuthros. Economic relations were also established between the two powers.
- Following the end of the First Heuthrian War, as the conflict was to be known to Laurasians of later generations and centuries, Heuthros was in a dire situation. The Heuthrians, unlike the Laurasians, did not have a formally organized professional military force, at least along the lines of fully-trained, disciplined, and conscripted troops. Instead, they had relied upon mercenaries, from Constantine I and the worlds of the Rebeccan Galactic Trade Route; some Laurasians had even signed up in the forces of those who were attempting to threaten the Laurasian position in space. The Heuthrian Treasury was bled dry by the exertions of war, however, and the Heuthrian Government was now unable to pay these mercenaries, having defaulted on its obligations. Hamilcar Barca and his remaining units, most of whom were mercenaries, would be returning to Heuthros from Courdina V. Gesco, the Minister of Military Affairs for the Heuthrian Great Council, and commandment of the mercenary corps, was fearful that a large force of mercenaries at Heuthros itself would pose a major threat to the position of the Government, and that they would turn upon their Heuthrian masters. His plan was to instead disperse the mercenaries throughout the remaining Heuthrian territories, and to gradually demobilize and pay them, as the resources of the Heuthrian Government could afford it. However, because of delays by the Heuthrian Government and a belief that the mercenaries could be persuaded to compromise on the matter of their payment, most of them ended up in the outskirts of the Heuthros system (January, 240 BH).
- Wary of such a large foreign army near the capital, the Heuthrian Great Council convinced the mercenaries to withdraw to the nearby colony of Sicca Veneria, two light years southwest of Heuthros. Once in Sicca Veneria, however, the mercenaries began drafting a list of demands which would be submitted to the Heuthrian Government. Hanno the Great met the mercenary leaders there (March 2, 240 BH), but flatly rejected their demands, claiming that the Heuthrian Government did not have the resources to pay the sums which they demanded. The mercenaries, who were unhappy with the rejection of their demands, and mistrusted Hanno and his officers, preferred to deal with Hamilcar Barca, who had made promises to them that all of their needs would be provided for. Further negotiations, however, collapsed, due to difficulties in communication and cultural misunderstandings. The mercenaries now conquered Sicca Veneria for themselves (March 24, 240 BH) and then overran the Heuthrian colony of Tagais (April 2, 240 BH), before advancing upon the Heuthrian garrison at Calaeo. Realizing their mistake in letting the mercenaries establish themselves so close to Heuthros, the Heuthrian Government now capitulated to their demands. The mercenaries, angered by Hamilcar not fulfilling his promises, and not wishing to meet with Hanno again, agreed to negotiate with Gesco. With their strengthened bargaining position, the mercenaries greatly inflated their demands, even to the extent of demanding that the Sauvanians who had been conscripted by Heuthros be compensated for their service. Heuthros did not have any choice but to agree, and these conditions were codified in the Treaty of Nunia (June 7, 240 BH).
- Despite this more generous settlement, however, two mercenary commanders, Spendius and Mathos (both of whom were Rebeccans; they first appeared in Laurasian historical records at this time as the "Rebeki"), now incited dissent among the mercenary corps and organized a rebellion against the Heuthrian authorities. They soon lured and captured Gesco at Uausia (July 26, 240 BH), instigating the Heuthrian Mercenary War. The Sauvanians, who had become dissatisfied with the Heuthrian Government, now gave their support to the rebels. Utica and Hippocratie, two major Heuthrian colony-worlds, were now besieged by Sauvanian and mercenary units, beginning in August, 240 BH. Hanno the Great was now appointed as commander of the loyalist Heuthrian forces, which included units still deployed at Courdina V, the Heuthrian government guards, and the defense patrols of the Heuthros star system, among other formations. Hanno now advanced towards Utica, gaining a minor victory at Baelis (August 27, 240 BH). Two days later, however, Spendius and Mathos, commanding the mercenary units, defeated Hanno in the Battle of Utica, inflicting severe causalities on his forces. Hanno, however, managed to repel a mercenary offensive upon Bagaudania (September 6, 240 BH) and then, with the assistance of the Courdinian mercenary Navaras, destroyed a Heuthrian force at Elpios (September 15, 240 BH). Hamilcar Barca was then appointed co-commander of the Heuthrian forces (October, 240 BH), and on 4 November, a second Heuthrian offensive against Utica resulted in that world's liberation from the mercenaries. The mercenaries, however, had harried Katherine and even sent a plundering expedition against Chancia, which had become a ally of Heuthros in 248 BH (November 6-11, 240 BH). Hamilcar, however, destroyed a rebel force at Hippocratie (November 27, 240 BH) and secured the stronghold of Stylis from further rebel offensives (December 2, 240 BH). By the end of December, 240 BH, Heuthrian government units were advancing towards Sicca Veneria, Tagais, and Calaeo, having destroyed mercenary positions on Go I and Phoenicia Max.
- The blazing of the Laurasian-Arian Warp Highway is commenced (February, 240 BH), by a joint agreement of the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency, Charasian High Command, and the government of Arias. This highway will form the first leg of what eventually becomes the Kimanian Run, within the Core Worlds, and ultimately serves to aid in Laurasian colonization and expansion beyond the regions of Arias. It will not be completed until 227 BH. By this point, the predominance of Charasia in Laurasian affairs had reached their greatest heights. Charasia had assumed administration of all the territories won from Heuthros in the First Heuthrian War; it took the initiative in charting the Warp Highway with Arias; and it was considered by the Clancians, Heuthrians, and Arians to be the most powerful and important of the Laurasian Nations. Charasia itself, with the largest economy and the largest amount of territory on Laurasia Prime proper, was developing ambitions of unifying the planet. Australasia and Lycia were both disenchanted by this point, and in June, 240 BH, began negotiations over a secret military alliance against Charasia. These negotiations finally culminated in the Treaty of Crystellys (December 29, 240 BH), by which the two powers pledged to assist each other in any future conflict with the "Charasian Power". The Charasian Intelligence Agency, however, was aware of these negotiations, and at the end of December, 240 BH, the Charasian Government authorized "Operation Vengeance", which was intended to finally bring about unification of all the Laurasians under Charasian rule.
- Spendius and Mathos, attempting to maintain control over their military forces and alarmed by the progress of Hamilcar Barca, Hanno the Great, and their forces, now ordered the execution of a large number of the Heuthrian prisoners that they held in their possession. Among those executed was Gesco, who, according to contemporary accounts, was "stoked with electric flames and then hewed into pieces" (January 14, 239 BH). Such brutal treatment outraged the Heuthrian Great Council, which on 2 February, 239 BH authorized the commanders of the Heuthrian military forces to employ "all methods and all means within their power" to destroy the rebel units and punish them severely, for daring to inflict such outrages upon the Heuthrian race. Hamilcar Barca carried out these instructions to the letter. When he conquered a rebel garrison on Asaice (February, 239 BH), he ordered for all of the personnel and soldiers to be brutally tortured, interrogated, and then executed by painful means. Similar methods were employed against rebel garrisons on Ithace, Masase, and Tyne (February-April, 239 BH). By April, 239 BH, Heuthrian government units were pressing ever closer to Sicca Valeria, taking advantage of their superior organization and their transport capabilities. Hamilcar was now appointed sole commander of the Heuthrian military forces (May 7, 239 BH), as Hanno the Great was commanded by the Great Council to return to Heuthros. Shortly afterwards, Utica revolted against its Heuthrian garrison, with tensions on that world having been provoked by the Sauvanians.
- By the end of June 239 BH, the Heuthrian authorities had also lost control on Hippocrate (for the second time) and at the outposts of DeSharn, Aeson, and Marculades, all of whom were predominantly Sauvanian and had never fully accepted Heuthrian authority. Hamilcar, however, destroyed another rebel force in the Battle of Moulton (July 2, 239 BH) and then cleared rebel bands away from Sassa Valeria (July 6-17, 239 BH), securing positions around the northern edges of the Heuthros star system. In August, 239 BH, a government expedition reconquered Zeena and destroyed rebel outposts on Solaris and Rikaner. Towards the end of that month, however, a rebel force under the command of Mathos suddenly penetrated to Heuthros itself, defeating a government defense fleet at Sidon (August 30, 239 BH) and overrunning a government repository at Tion. By 6 September, Heuthros itself had been laid under siege. Hamilcar Barca, who had been preparing expeditions to reconquer Katherine and Chancia from the rebel units, was now forced to divert his attention back to Heuthros. He managed to reconquer DeSharn (September 11, 239 BH) and advanced towards Twasia (September 16, 239 BH), but was then defeated in his effort to reconquer Aeson (October 239 BH). In November, 239 BH, the Heuthrian Government actually sent a plea to the Laurasian Nations, requesting for the Laurasians to apply pressure on rebel units. The government claimed that the mercenaries wished to move against Metallasia, Tyndaris, Ietas, and other Laurasian outposts. The Laurasian Nations, surprised that the Heuthrians were sending them this plea, nevertheless dispatched a expedition which destroyed the rebel base on Linias (December 4, 239 BH). The Pan-Laurasian Space Agency, however, now decided to take advantage in order to prepare a expedition to seize Chancia and Katherine for the Laurasian Nations. Such preparations had become advanced by the end of December, 239 BH.
- A new step in Laurasian technological development took place, as a new starship class, the Heroes class, was launched from the Shipyards of Laurasia Prime (April 27, 239 BH). The ceremony was attended by dignitaries and officials of the Pan-Laurasian Space Agency, the Conference of World and Colonial Discussions, Charasia, Australasia, Lycia, Mararia, and the Laurasian colonies. This new starship class incorporated the advances, in warp and weaponry technology, which had been made during the First Heuthrian War. The typical Heroes-class warship displaced about forty-five thousand tons, with a saucer section connected to the warp nacelles and the main body of the ship by an secondary hull. Each Heroes-class warship was equipped with fusion lasers, photonic torpedoes, and a store of emergency nuclear-powered projectiles, alongside force fields and compounded armor. They also had Warp Five drives, with a normal cruising speed of Warp Four and a emergency speed of Warp 5.7. Thus, Heroes-class warships were far faster then any previous Laurasian warship or starship. They were also designed to be able to sustain missions in deep space without the assistance of a starbase or colony-world, for up to two years at a time. The Pan-Laurasian Space Agency hoped to resume wide-scale colonization and exploration of the star systems around Laurasia Prime, which had been, for the most part, halted during the First Heuthrian War. Nearly seventy Heroes-class warships had been launched by the end of 239 BH.
- Hamilcar Barca, having assembled his units at Asamarnai and Cudjoe, now prepared for a offensive in order to relieve the siege of Heuthros and drive away the mercenary armies from the primary Heuthrian systems (January, 238 BH). Spendius, however, seeking to blunt the Heuthrian General's offensives, launched a surprise offensive against the government supply base of Hathagie (February 2, 238 BH), which resulted in the destruction of most of the Heuthrian military supplies there and the disruption of Hamilcar Barca's communication lines. The Heuthrian General was now forced to temporarily postpone his plans for a offensive to relieve Heuthros, and during those months, Spendius reduced the Heuthrian strongholds of Gill, Jasalicum, and Ephesus (February-April, 238 BH). By the end of April 238 BH, mercenary units had also reconquered Sassa Valeria and Moulton, driving away government garrisons. Hanno the Great, however, had now prepared his units at Zeena and Asil, determined to push against the mercenary units. In June, 238 BH, he obtained a victory over a army under the command of Spendius's chief subordinate, Richius, in the Battle of Gershaulm, inflicting severe losses on the mercenary formations. He then secured Aeson (June 26, 238 BH) and fortified DeShaun (July 1, 238 BH), before recovering Moulton (July 6-17, 238 BH). In August, 238 BH, government units reconquered Sassa Valeria and finally penetrated the defenses of Marculades, which fell on 12 August. Five days later, the chief rebel stronghold at Sicca Veneria was overrun by Hanno and his units, who executed numerous rebel officers and confiscated the weapons, armor, and equipment of the mercenary units. Hamilcar Barca, who had received reinforcements from Hanno, was finally able to take action against the mercenary fleets besieging Heuthros. The siege of Heuthros was finally lifted (August 16, 238 BH), and Mathos was forced to retreat. Tagais and Calaeo were then secured by government units (August 16-September 9, 238 BH), forcing Spendius and Mathos to withdraw from the chief Heuthrian star systems. Sidon and Tion were then secured by the government forces (September 12-13, 238 BH).
- A series of confrontations then ensued at Twasia, Stylis, and Baelis (September-October 238 BH), with Hamilcar Barca and Hanno inflicting severe damage upon the remaining formations of Spendius and Mathos. Finally, in the Battle of Sawia (November 2, 238 BH), the mercenary armies suffered a decisive defeat at the hands of the Heuthrian government forces. Spendius now attempted to surrender the men under his command to the Heuthrian Army. He was, however, captured and imprisoned by Hamilcar (November 4, 238 BH), while the rest of his officers were executed in a gruesome fashion. The remainder of Spendius's units were then annihilated at Tieppe (November 9-11, 238 BH). Following this, Hamilcar and Hannibal besieged and conquered Sauvania (November 12-19, 238 BH), finally disrupting the rebellion of the Sauvanians and forcing them back into servitude towards the Heuthrian Republic. Mathos was then besieged at Gunis (November 22-29, 238 BH), but the Mercenary General exploited a weakness in the Heuthrian formations. Hannibal and his officers were surprised and surrounded by mercenary warships, being captured (November 29, 238 BH). On the orders of Mathos, they were executed by solar incineration (December 6, 238 BH). Hanno now intensified the siege efforts, outraged about how Mathos had managed to penetrate and capture Hannibal. The siege dragged on for the remainder of December 238 BH.
- Finally (January 2, 237 BH), the defenses of Gunis were breached by the Heuthrian government forces. Mathos and his commanders were captured by the Heuthrian General, who ordered for him to be bound in chains. Utica was besieged and conquered by Hanno (January 10-17, 237 BH), and of the chief mercenary strongholds, only Hippocrate now resisted the government forces. Hippocrate eventually capitulated (February 19, 237 BH), and with this, the rebellion was suppressed within the primary Heuthrian dominions. On the orders of Hanno, Mathos was executed (March 4, 237 BH), his remains being dumped on the desolate main of Chardas. Chancia and Katherine, however, was now to be beyond the reach of the Heuthrian government forces. The Laurasian Nations had formalized their plans, and on 7 March, 237 BH, the Conference of World and Colonial Discussions formally authorized a Laurasian expedition against those Heuthrian strongholds, which were still in the hands of the remaining rebel units. On 18 March, 237 BH, a Laurasian expedition, commanded by the Charasian General Lucius Catellus, invaded Heuthrian Katherine. He defeated the final remaining mercenary armada in the Battle of Corisca (March 26, 237 BH). Katherine capitulated to the Laurasians on 6 April, followed by Chancia on 17 April.
- By the end of June, 237 BH, all Heuthrian outposts and garrisons around Katherine and Chancia, including Chancellor, Nezbit, Abbott, and Jillia, had been secured by the Laurasian units. Hanno now urged the Great Council to take action against the Laurasians, but the Heuthrian government realized that it could not retake Chancia and Katherine. In August, 237 BH, negotiations were opened with the Laurasians at Little Mexicana. The Treaty of Little Mexicana (September 12, 237 BH), resulted in the Heuthrian Government recognizing Laurasian acquisition of Chancia, Katherine, and their outposts. The Laurasians, on their part, agreed to return bases, near Metallasia, which had been seized from the rebels, back to the authority of the Heuthrian Government. The Treaty of Little Mexicana was ratified by both governments in October, 237 BH. In November, 237 BH, Charasia, which dominated the proceedings of the Conference of World and Colonial Discussions, took control of the new territories for itself. By now, Australasia and Lycia were more advanced in their plans of war against Charasia. In December, 237 BH, the Charasian Government, on its part, sent out the final military instructions to its forces for an invasion of the remaining Australasian and Lycian dominions.
- On 4 January, 236 BH, according to the Venerable Socrates, Polybius, and other Laurasian historians, the "Unification of Laurasia Prime", as expressed in the Charasian military codename "Operation Bringer of Unity and Strength", commenced, as Charasian naval units, under the command of Admiral Senatus Doriscus, launched a series of swift military offensives and operations against the Australasian and Lycian colonies outside of Laurasia Prime. Charasian naval units, which were equipped with superior Warp Five drives, weaponry technology, and had access to more advanced military bases, made rapid advances in the Laurasian Dominions of Space, at the expense of the Australasians and Lycians. Little Mexicana (5-7 January); Azatha (10-11 January); Y'sailla (15 January); the Lycian colony on Augis 9 (16-19 January); Australasia-in-Space (21 January); Cirhon-in-Space (22 January); Madavaria (27 January); Crystellys (30 January); and the Lycian colonies of the Cron Drift (February-March, 236 BH), fell rapidly to the Charasian forces. Lycian counteroffensives against Lusculum, Aquilionia, Sarah, and Tarentum, launched in haste in response to the Charasian moves, failed (April 236 BH). By the end of April, 236 BH, all Australasian and Lycian colonies had been secured by superior Charasian naval expeditions. On Laurasia Prime, however, the Charasian advanced was faced with a greater obstacle. The Charasians quickly overran Chandragrupta, which had been annexed by Australasia in 269 BH, and pushed swiftly into Amagasoria, besieging and conquering the former Yalian Strongholds (January-February 236 BH). The Australasians, however, blunted a Charasian naval expedition against Cirhon with Lycian assistance (March, 236 BH) and repelled a Charasian landing attempt on the island of Little Falloria (April, 236 BH). In June, 236 BH, Lycian armies, operating from Barlavia and Katherina, invaded Grinae, quickly overrunning Osraninpolis, Gentz, the islands of Redosia and Violetnam, Nicomedia, and Adrianpole. Lycian units also advanced into Targay, conquering the border strongholds of Illicum and Verlorium. The following month, a Lycian drone offensive began against Tardork, Wallachia, and Alohemia, inflicting severe damage on Menelevium and other Charasian-held cities in Haustia.
- By September, 236 BH, Australasian units had advanced into Tibanthia and Yusania, threatening the positions of Charasian armies there. The Charasian High Command, however, now staged a brilliant series of counteroffensives, employing marine detachments from the space expeditions and conscripted units from the former Americanian and Explosansian territories. The Charasians destroyed a Australasian naval armada in the Battle of Tanja (October 11, 236 BH); overran the Australasian Arctic Forts (November-December, 236 BH), and then effected a successful landing in the island of Little Explosansis, quickly destroying all resistance there (January, 235 BH). On 2 February, the Charasians conquered Australasian and Lycian bases on the Laurasian moons, consolidating their control above Laurasia Prime. Charasian forces now conquered Little Falloria (February 6-25, 235 BH); destroyed the final Australasian cells in Amasagoria (March 2, 235 BH); and subdued Salasia (March 6-17, 235 BH). By the end of March 235 BH, Charasian marine and drone defensive units had terminated Lycian raids against Charasian possession in Haustia, and on 5 April, Charasian armies, using their superior naval and air power, landed in Grinae, forcing Lycian armies to retreat north. Gradually, Barlavia, Katherina, the Oceanian Provinces, Hanubia, and Polosia were conquered (March-July 235 BH), forcing Lycian units back into Lycia proper. In August, 235 BH, the Australasian forces in Mexicana and DeLoca were destroyed, confirming Charasia's domination of the Westarian continents. The following month, Cirhon and Eastern Oceania were overrun by Charasian units, and Lycian armies were forced to retreat into the Lycian interior. Charasian units then reached Southern Explosansis (November 235 BH, surrounding and destroying pockets of Australasian forces with ease. By December, 235 BH, Charasian armies had also overrun the Eastern Oceanian Islands and were pressing into the mainland of Australasia itself. Likewise, Crystellys and other Charasian cities had been seized, and Charasian units had executed a offensive through Laudermia and the Baltian Countries, threatening Christiana, the capital of the Lycian Union.
- In January, 234 BH, the Conference of World and Colonial Discussions dissolved itself, declaring that the Charasian Republic was now "the effective master of Laurasia Prime and her colonies". On 17 January, the Charasians destroyed the last remaining Australasian offensive force in the Battle of Augoston, and now pushed towards Cathiberia, Australasia's capital city. The siege of Cathiberia began on 6 February, lasting for almost two months. The last Australasian President, Neuchrus Dinganus (236-34 BH), resisted fiercely with his advisers and conscripted all able-bodied males into the Australasian militia. During those same two months, Centralita and Great Cellini Lycia were overrun by Charasian units, and Christiania was now threatened by a Charasian advance force. On 8 April, 234 BH, Cathiberia's defenses were finally penetrated by Charasian armies. President Dinganus committed suicide, and the last remaining Australasian units were wiped out. Five days later, the Lycian President, Antiochus Anutuhius (239-34 BH), realizing that all was lost, surrendered to the Charasian Government, and Christiania was occupied by Charasian troops. President Lucius Albus of Charasia entered the city on 18 April, and was astounded by its architectural beauty.
- Establishing a headquarters there, the victorious Charasian President then turned his attention to dealing with Papal Mararia, the only part of the Laurasian territories which was now not under the control of the Charasian Government. Pope Innocent "the All-Encompassing" (237-228), sent a message to the Charasian Government on 1 May. He agreed to surrender Mararia, Inoria, and Lusitania to the direct authority and governance of the Charasian Government, if the President, on his part, acknowledged the earlier administrative arrangements with the Truites and the Reformed Almitians, and accepted that the Pope was the religious leader of all Laurasians. Pursuant to this, the Pope should be allowed to remain a governor of those territories, in the name of the Charasian Government. President Anutuhius, who saw the benefits in such a arrangement, indicated his acceptance of these terms several days later. On 22 June, 234 BH, he formally proclaimed the existence of the Stellar Republic of Laurasia, declaring that "all Laurasians are now unified under the direction of one world government." The President announced intentions to convene a constitutional convention, in order to organize the government of the new Stellar Republic while clarifying its relationship with the Almitian Church. In the meantime, he declared that the institutions of the now former Charasian Government would now extend their authority over all Laurasians, and that he would continue as President until after the convention. Thus, for the first time in civilized Laurasian history, all Laurasians acknowledged the authority of one world government: they were never to turn back.