I was playing the game Hex Empire and I won, by using a nation called Redosia, on map No. 151688. So, I have decided to write a novel, involving characters, and the events, over the course of this war. And after it, way after it.
Disclaimer: This is based on my victory in the game, and by my imaginations of events, causes, and conclusions. It does not mean to intrude on the copyright to any material in the game, only for the entertainment of the reading public at this wikia.
Section 1: Before the War: Formations of Future CompetitorsEdit
Formation of RedosiaEdit
Since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, a group of 15 new countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia came into existence. Emerging from these was Russia, which had formed the main component and dominant territory of the Soviet Union, thus became the most powerful of the new countries. Russia greatly despised it's surrounding territories, which had once been ruled by the Russians under their Empire and the Soviet Union. To counter this, Russia established army, air, and naval bases in other countries, especially in Ukraine, Belarus, and Georgia, applied economic and military pressure against most of its neighbors, and helped provoke civil conflict and economic depression within its neighbors. Russia also started secretly funneling Bin Laden's Al-Qaeda with money, soldiers, and weapons, and secretly encouraged Iran and North Korea to voice hostility against the United States.
At this time, Egypt, in Africa increasingly became hostile towards Israel, cutting it off from trade in the Red Sea and supporting Palestanian insurgents. Thus the stage was set: North Korea would be the core for the future Bluegaria, the United States would form the core for the future Violetnam, Russia would form the core of Redosia, and Egypt would become a major center for Greenland.
Soon, Europe and Russia began to align ever closer towards eachother. In May 2008, the Treaty of Lisbon was signed, which unified Europe into one single entity. Europe then signed a general economic and commerical agreement with Russia, and they also developed a military pact. These steps improved and encouraged further their relationship.
On 14 June 2009, a intranational conference between Europe and Russia proposed a absolute political, economic, and military unification, and, for a sense of creativity and for a new meaning, suggested for this unified state the name Redosia, after the old British colonies of Northern and Southern Rhodesia. The proposal was approved, and negotiations began, with representatives appointed by the King of Europe and the President of Russia. After negotiations that lasted into late July, the Acts of Union were proposed, and laid out the following terms:
- On 1 January 2010, the Kingdom of Europe and the Federation of Russia were to be merged and unified into one entity, styled The Kingdom of Redosia, and the King of Europe (William I) would become the first King of Redosia, reigning with absolute and unlimited power, while the President of Russia (Dmitri Medelevev) would become the first Redosian Prime Minister. London would be Redosia's capital city and seat of government.
- The flag of the Kingdom, its currency, navy and army organization, and ensigns, were to be determined by the King through Royal Decree.
- The King is to be advised by a Supreme Consulatory, consisting of 20 members, appointed and dismissed by the King at will. It would grant taxes, organize the budget, fund, discipline, and organize the military, and pass laws. The king could propose, push through, or veto laws, which would be proposed and debated in his name. The king would also call and dissolve the Consulatory at will.
- The King would be head of state, with the powers over the Consulatory and final say and proposal over laws, the power to issue royal decrees, proclamations, orders, edicts, resolutions, and reports, supreme command over the armed forces, and aboslute say over government expenditures and approval of the budget.
After the representatives signed the Act on 24 July, the Act was submitted to the King of Europe and his Council for approval. The King's Council approved the Act on 28 July, and the King granted it the Royal Accent on 30 July. On 5 August, the Council of Russia ratified the Act, 50-20. On 18 August, the State Duma ratified the Act 407-100. The President of Russia signed the Act on 1 September.
On 3 September, the Russian Parliament dissolved and transferred absolute state power to the President. President Medevev then issued a Special Ukase that suspended the State Constitution and instituted special preprations for the planned unification.
Europe and Russia immediately sought recognition of their planned country, Redosia, before 1 January. The United Nations Security Council issued a resolution granting recognition on 8 September, thanks in part to Russia and Europes' seats on the Council. Most of the worlds nations, with the notable exception of the new Bluegaria, granted formal diplomatic recognition by 18 December.
On 1 January 2010, the Redosian flag was raised for the first time, Russia and Europe ceased to exist, and a new world power came into force. William I of Europe became King William I of Redosia, while President Dmitri Medevev of Russia became Prime Minister Dmitri Medevev of Redosia.
Formation of BluegariaEdit
On 5 June 2009, North Korea's Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces and Most Dear Leader, Kim Jong II, proclaimed the existence of the Kingdom of Bluegaria, naming himself James I of Bluegaria, to make himself sound English, and to honor himself. He confirmed himself of a English successor by taking a American baby boy as his own son. The new James I sought out recognition of North Korea's transformation into Bluegaria from the United Nations. Despite heavy debating, the UN approved the existence of Bluegaria on 11 July.
Unlike the soon-to-be Redosia, James I did not issue a sort of Constitution or at least general code of law, instead declaring he ruled by decree, as absolute administrator and commander of the armed forces. He did however, begin a program of massive military expansion. On 8 June, Iran merged into the still-small Bluegaria, thus giving James I control of the world's third largest oil reserves, plus a large proportion of new subjects. By 1 January, a wave of fear had caused China, India, Bangladesh, South Korea, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Bhutan, Nepal, and Pakistan to merge with Bluegaria, thus making it the world's most populous country. In September, Iraq, Qatar, the United Emirates, Yemen, Oman, and Bahrain were occupied with no opposition by Bluegaria.
Formation of VioletnamEdit
To counter the threat of Bluegaria, the President of the United States, Barrack Obama, negotiated a deal with Canada and Mexico over absolute unification. Obama and Mexico proposed a republic, but Canada advocated a monarchy, and won support from Europe for this stance. As a compromise, the Terms of Union was signed on 4 September 2009, between representatives of Mexico, Canada, and America.
- On 12 December, the Kingdom of Violetnam would be proclaimed, as a creativity from the Vietnam War, combined with the word Violet. The President of the United States, Barrack Obama, would become Barrack I, King of Violetnam.
- All ensigns, flags, the currency, and military organization would be determined by the King through Executive Decree.
- As compensation to the American ideals of liberty and freedom, a set of rights are guaranteed for Violetnam's people. Also, a Violentian Congress would become the supreme legislative body, consisting of two houses, a House of Lords, appointed and dismissed by the king at will, and a House of Commonalites, elected from among two hundred districts by direct and popular ballot. The Congress would grant and levy taxes, excrises, and imposts, organize, fund, and discipline the military, coin money and declare weights and measures, supervise the government, and the power to approve budgets. The Lords would approve financially-oriented bills, approve the budget, coin money and declare weights and measures, and approve appointments made by the king. The Commonalities would levy taxes, handle military affairs, supervise government actions, and hold levy of veto over the king.
- The King of Violetnam would be head of state and chief executive, honored in prestige. The king would issue executive decrees, orders, edicts, and laws, (with the signature of his prime minister), declare war and make peace, sign or make treaties, appoint and dismiss government officials (with the approval of the Lords), grant honors and awards, organize the budget (with approval laid by the Lords), and sign all Congressional statues and laws. The king could veto or return Congressional statues or laws, which the Commonalities can override by a two-thirds majority. The king would also lay out congressional agenda, and call and dissolve the parliament in emergency matters and special elections.
- The king's prime minister would run the government day to day and propose Violentian policies in Congress. His signature would be needed for Executive Decrees issued by the king.
After the Terms were signed by the Delegates, they were submitted to the Canadian Parliament for approval. The Canadian Senate ratified the Terms on 5 September, followed by the House of Commons on 7 September. The Governor-General, Michelle Jean, granted the Act Royal Assent in the name of the King of Canada on 10 September. The Terms were then submitted to the United States Congress. The Senate approved the act, 69-31, on 13 September. The House of Representatives approved the act on 15 September, by a margin of 300-100. The President of the United States signed the Act on 18 September. Mexico's president granted the Terms approval on 20 September, which was confirmed by the Mexican Congress on 24 September.
On 12 December, Washington D.C. became Violetnam City, the Violentian flag was hoisted in the US, Mexico, and Canada, and Barrack Obama became Barrack I. The United Nations granted Violetnam recognition on 14 December. On 23 December, the Organization of American States dissolved, and their remaining member countries (all of the Americas outside of Violetnam) were absorbed by the new Violetnam.
Formation of GreenlandEdit
In Africa, the African population was considering seriously at the thought of being one. In July 2009, the African countries had signed a general military and customs union. Egypt also began a colonization of Greenland, by now abandoned by Denmark. It also established scientific posts all over Antartica, and leased bases in Nunvaut.
Eventually, a proposal of absolute unification for Africa, Greenland, Antartica, and the bases in Nunvavut was proposed by President of South Africa Jacob Zuma. He realized a kingdom was needed for this unity. The parliaments of Africa approved and a delegation met from 1 August-1 September 2009.
Finally, the African and Greenlandian Treaty was signed, by representatives of each African country and settlers in Antartica and Greenland, and of the bases in Nunvaut:
- Henceforth, on 1 January 2010 (considing with the founding of Redosia), the Settlements of Greenland, the Settlements of Antartica, the bases in Nunvaut, and all Africa, would be united into one entity known as the Kingdom of Greenland.
- The flag, ensigns, military organization, and currency would be determined by the King through Executive Decree.
- The King of Greenland was to be a person, elected every four years, by the popular vote of the people, through direct ballot. Jacob Zuma would become Jacob I, King of Greenland, and he would be up for election in 2014. The King would call and dissolve his Council at will, lay out parilamentary agenda, issue executive decrees, edicts, orders, and proclamations, command the military, propose and organize the budget, and grant companies.
- The Greenlandian Council would consist of 52 members, one elected from each of the 52 divisions of Greenland (the 50 former countries in Africa, Greenland, and Antartica). The Council would levy and grant taxes, approve the budget, pass laws, and fund the military. The Council would be called and dissolved by the king at will, who would also decide where and when it will meet, and what it will discuss. All laws passed by the Council require the Royal Accent of the King. If the King withholds Royal Assent, the Bill does not become law. The King can also delay accent or change parts of the bill to his liking.
Misgivings were given by African countries, including Egypt and South Africa, about the naming of this new union Greenland. However, when Nelson Mandela and even Al-Qadalfi of Libya expressed their support for the Treaty, popular support was boosted and all African countries had approved the Treaty by 1 December.
On 1 January, a month after the final ratification of the Treaty, all African flags were lowered, and the new Greenladian flag was raised. Jacob Zuma became King Jacob I and the Kingdom of Greenland came into being. The UN recognized the new Greenland on 3 January. On 8 January, Greenland secured control of Jordan and Saudi Arabia by the Treaty of Beirut.
Section 2: First Stage of the War (2010-2020)Edit
Bluegaria instigates WarEdit
With control of vast land, Bluegaria launched a invasion of the Central Asian lands, alarming the new Redosia (4 January 2010). Redosia immediately mobilized troops to it's southernmost border and swiftly occupied Mongolia, but allowed James I to take over Central Asia.
James I then set his eyes on Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Armenia, wanting them as soon as possible. A invasion force of 600,000 was grouped, with 1,000 tanks and 500 machine guns, on the Bluegarian border with Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Armenia all asked Redosia for "military protection". Redosia sent in 986,000 troops into all three countries and "took care" of them. Bluegaria was alarmed, but still decided a war against Redosia was imminent.
Redosia however secured a military alliance with Violetnam, who still controlled Afghanistan and Burma (after 15 January), and Greenland, which controlled Israel, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia. Bluegaria became very worried, and decided war with Greenland and Violetnam also was imminent.
On the night of 23 January, Bluegaria secretly stationed some 500,000 troops in Pakistan, 490,000 troops in Iran, more then a million in Cambodia, Laos, and Thailand, and a astounding five million in Bluegarian Iraq. While the Violentians were celebrating the Golden Globe, the Greenlandians their African Cultural Festival, and the Redosians their Berlin Film Festival, Bluegarians were arming themselves. A Bluegarian fleet of 500 ships had also secretly taken all the Pacific, except Violentian Samoa, Redosian Micronesia, Greenlandian Polynesia, Violentian Guam, Violentian Marianas, Violentian Midway, and Violentian Hawaii. A Bluegarian fleet was also sent to Antarctica.
At 2:00 PM, January 24, 2010, more then 10 million Bluegarian troops took action, invading Redosian Transcaucasia, Greenlandian Arabia, Violentian Afghanistan, Violentian Burma, and all Redosian, Greenlandian, and Violentian possessions in the Pacific. Bluegarian fleets invaded Antarctica and bombed Greenlandian forces in the Arctic. James I of Bluegaria issued a declaration of war against Redosia, Violetnam, and Greenland. The Allies were unprepared. The Great World War had begun, which would last for the next 40 years.
On 25 January, Redosian Transcaucasia fell, despite bitter Redosian resistance. Violentian troops in Afghanistan tried to airlift out of that country, but failed and surrendered by noon. Bluegarian forces had captured Riyadh and received help from Bluegarian units in Yemen, Oman, Qatar, and the Emirates, bursting through the Arabian Desert and surrounding Mecca. However, the Bluegarians flopped in Burma. When Rangoon was attacked, the Violentians reacted quickly. They landed 45,000 paratroopers in the Burman Forest, stabbing the Bluegarians in the back, who remained in Burma's few plains. The Bluegarian forces were forced to fall back to the outskirts of Rangoon. However, 600,000 further Bluegarians were landed in the Forest as well, stabbing the Violentians. Finally, on 4 February, the Violentians in Burma surrendered, after they lost contact with Violentian radio centers in the Americas.
Bluegaria attacks Greenland in the Middle EastEdit
Bluegaria then launched a air and water assault on Mecca on 6 Febuary. The Greenlandians, fighting to the death, stopped the attack and even retook half of Saudi Arabia. In June, the Bluegarians were back at Riyadh. This also coupled the Greenlandian invasion of Yemen and Oman, and their blockade of the western branch of the Persian Gulf.
James I, however, was not determined to lose so early in the war. In August, the king personally visted Bluegarian troops in Iraq and eastern Saudi Arabia, giving them a speech that raised their morale. With morale surging, and their king fighting and suffering with them, the Bluegarians launched a massive offensive on 8 September, attacking from the Emirates, Qatar, Riyadh, Iraq, and from Aden, Yemen. A total of 24 million Bluegarian forces, 10 million Bluegarian nationals, and 14 million conscripted from Bluegarian Iran and Iraq, attacked the only 5.6 million Greenlandian troops in the western Middle East.
By 18 September, Bluegarian troops had retaken Oman and the rest of Yemen from Greenland, although losing 400 tanks and 560,000 soldiers during the process, due to fierce Greenlandian resistance. A Greenlandian offensive into north-east Yemen was driven back with crippling losses on 4 October, losing 443 tanks and 55,000 soldiers, 50,000 dead, 3,000 wounded, and 2,000 captured.
Meanwhile, the Redosians had launched a massive offensive into Central Asia, attacking with 1.5 million soldiers, 780 tanks, and 4,500 machine guns, including 100 volley bombers. The Bluegarians, with only 40,000 soldiers, 20 tanks, and 300 machine guns in Central Asia, were alarmed and immediately telegrammed the Bluegarian forces in China and Iran for help. The Bluegarians, however, were still establishing their lines of communication across their sprawling kingdom, and were concerned with the conflict in the Middle East and only sent 9 tanks and 4 divisions to help in time. Despite this low amount of support, the Bluegarians resisted heavily. The force was overwhelming, however, and by 8 November, Central Asia had fallen to Redosia. This proved Redosia's first major victory in the war and Bluegaria's first loss against Redosia.
Bluegaria decided to let Redosia keep Central Asia, and to focus all attention on Greenland and Violetnam until they were finally defeated. This was a fatal mistake on Bluegaria's part-one that allowed Redosia to invade it more then thirty years later. Despite this, Bluegarian and Redosian naval fleets usually engaged eachother in the Black and Caspian Seas and Redosia launched a steady campaign in the Pacific.
Redosia had recently invaded Bluegarian-occupied Transcacausia, with less then three thousand troops and 90 tanks. However, the Bluegarians defeated them, and by January, the border was unchanged.
Bluegaria plans invasion of GreenlandEdit
The Redosians, severely overconfident after their success in Central Asia, sent a million troops and nearly 6,000 tanks to Mecca to give a boost to their allies, the Greenlandians. Despite this pouring of Redosian support, Greenland continued to suffer losses and by June Medina had fallen. The Greenlandians' last stronghold in Saudi Arabia, Mecca was surrounded to the North, West and southeast by the Bluegarians. Determined not to let it fall, the Greenlandians sent in troops to the area, trying as best as they could to hold it. The Bluegarians, however, could not bypass the fortifications and defense lines on Mecca's outskirts, and so they decided to blockade the town from receiving any supplies. The Redosians, however, had control of the Red Sea, and continually shipped food, clothing, and weapons. After the rest of Greenland fell, Mecca was taken by Redosian troops, and it remained in Redosian hands throughout the war, despite continual Bluegarian offensives.
Bypassing Mecca, the Bluegarians reach Ammon, in Greenlandian Jordan. The Greenlandian troops there fell back to Israel, fortified the Suez Canal positions, and set up a huge line of defense from the West Bank to Alexandria. They placed over 8 million troops in this area, and a million in the West Bank alone, by now the frontline. The Greenlandians also moved their capital from Cairo to Cape Town.
The Bluegarians, realizing a attack through the Suez into Egypt was impossible, decided instead to land at Somalia, Nigeria, Mozambique, South Africa, and Western Sahara. Greenland's name could no longer really apply, since both the island of Greenland and Antarctica were now in Bluegarian hands. The Bluegarians planned their invasion of Greenland for over two years, and in the meantime began their offensives in the Americas and the Pacific.
Bluegaria fights Redosia in PacificEdit
The Bluegarians launched a massive campaign in the Pacific against Redosian Micronesia, the only foreign holding in the region. The Redosians had shipped in hundreds of thousands of troops and hundreds of battleships and destroyers to the area, determined to hold Micronesia. Despite this pouring, the Bluegarians pressed foward. They attacked from all directions, but the Redosians continued to resist.
The Pacific front remained until 2018. During that time, the Bluegarians continued launching attacks into Micronesia, and the Redosians, with open supply lines, continued to drive them out. The Bluegarians discovered this open line and sent ships there, cutting it off. With supplies low, the Redosians started to starve, but they continued to fight, as hard as they could, by using food and material from Micronesian islands. But they bogged down, and finally, on 13 June 2018, surrendered to the Bluegarians. Redosia's only overseas Asian holding (besides Mecca) was lost.
Bluegaria invades VioletnamEdit
Meanwhile, James I was also planning a invasion for Violetnam. Central and South America were heavily undefended, occupied by sparse numbers of Violentian troops. The Bluegarians decided to invade by these vantage points.
In June 2012, the Violentians were just sitting around, preparing their next war plans and basically life was idle. The Redosians however, had detected the invasion code of Bluegaria against Violetnam. The Redosians warned the Violentians, who ignorantly denied the evidence. On 8 June, suddenly, 3.4 million Bluegarian troops invaded South America by means of former Brazil, Chile, Guyana, Columbia, and Peru. A Bluegarian force of 400,000 also landed in former Panama and 300,000 at poorly defended Yucaktan Pennisula. The Violentians were shocked and by September had lost all of South America except Suriname, and over half of Central America. Redosia's colony of French Guiana, as well the Redosian colonies of the Falkand Islands, Netherland Antilles, Gudeloupe, Martinqiue, Bermuda, Angiulla, Redosian Virgins, Turks and Caicos, and Caymens were not attacked by Bluegaria, because they were heavily fortified.
The Bluegarians were led in their attack by General Miki Chung, a man who grew up in China before the war. Chung was a heavy believer in James I, and admitted he would go to any lengths to ensure loyalty to his master. He was also a brilliant military strategist, and had led the successful offensives on foreign colonies in Asia at the beginning of the war.
However, Chung was overly defensive. He believed in a swift first offensive, but after that, a lull-down by the attacker. He stated that the attacker should always consolidate it's hold on it's gained ground, should build forts and defensive lines, and hold back defender attacks. He then believed a second main offensive should be launched, and the process would be repeated until the enemy was conquered. This strategy however had faults: the defender would be able to launch more and more raids and front line assaults, and they could be on the offensive. This would cause the downfall of Bluegaria.
By the end of the year, most of South America and Central America was in Bluegaria's hands, and it lulled down according to Chung's plan, building the American Line and constructing forts, anti-aircraft guns, anti-tank guns, wires, masses of soldiers, forts, and thousands of battalions.
Violetnam counter strikesEdit
In February 2014, after two years of organization and lull-down, the Bluegarians launched a second offensive against the remaining Violentian lands in northern Mexico. The Violentians, however, had prepared themselves, and were also superior in numbers: the Bluegarians attacked with 500,000 men, but the Violentians had 800,000 defenders. They also had another advantage: their possessions in the Caribbean, whom Chung had ignored and did not invade.
In April 2014, 1.4 million Violentian troops from the Caribbean, supported by 5,600 tanks, 4,100 guns, and more then 300 fighters and 149 bombers, attacked the Yucatan Peninsula, the Panama Canal, and Nicaragua. Chung had 540,000 men, 5,000 guns, and 4,500 tanks defending these places, but they were among the weakest and under-equipped of the Bluegarian forces. Almost immediately, the weak Bluegarian defenders fell back, abandoning their positions.
When Chung received news of the counter-offensive, he took his knife and stabbed himself, muttering as he died "It's over". With no commander, the Bluegarians attacking Violentian Mexico and those defending against the Violentian troops all surrendered. This was a blow: some 5.5 million Bluegarians became prisoners of the Violentians. All of Central America once again passed into Violentian hands.
The Bluegarian forces in South America got afraid, but determination and will pressed them on. There was still some 15 million Bluegarian troops in South America. They put one million at the border between Bluegarian Columbia and Violentian Panama. They stationed more then 4 million men in Brazil. The remaining 11 million were centered in the Amazon and in the western highlands.
This allowed the Violentians a way to attack by two vintage points: through Argentina, through the Andes, and also they could also gain permission from Redosia to attack from Guiana. Gathering a fleet of 450 destoryers, 4 carriers, 19 crusiers, and 554 submarines carrying more then 17.9 million Violentian troops and 4.4 million Redosian Marines, the Violentians organized. They had to destroy the Bluegarian fleet of 500 destroyers, 7 carriers, 24 crusiers, and 600 submarines that guarded the coasts.
On 5 July 2014, the Battle of Curacao occured, off the coast of Venezeula. At first, the Violentians were losing, with the Bluegarian admiral, Hertex Curacs, able to sink 120 Violentian destroyers, damage 100 others, sink one cruiser, damage two others, destroy three carriers, and sink 300 submarines. The Violentians however counter-struck, using a hurricane to their advantage, completely destroying all but five cruisers of the Bluegarian fleet, all five badly damaged. This was a huge blow to the Bluegarian navy, losing a fourth of their total fleet.
In September 2014, after recovering from the Battle of Curacao, the Violentians landed some 21.9 million men in the Andes and in Venezeula and Argentina. The Redosians attacked the northern branch of the Amazon and also attacked Bluegarian Suriname and Bluegarian Guiana. The Bluegarians were surprised, and General Sung (the new commander) ordered that crops be burned, roads and bridges destroyed, villages cleared, and cities leveled. He also destroyed farming grounds, leaving a scorched land to be occupied by the Allies. Sung also destroyed half of the rain forest, killing many millions of snakes, fish, monkeys, and numerous unknown species. He also destroyed many crops and drained half of the Amazon. His actions ruined permanently most of South America, scaring a large portion of the Earth's surface.
Sung and his men also committed war atrocities: they killed men and the sick, raped women, beat children, and kidnapped many of the elderly. The Violentians and Redosians were sickened by this. Sung had even herded South Americans into concentration camps and murdered them.
By July 2015, Sung had lost more then 6 million soldiers (a fourth of his total manpower), 5,000 tanks (all but 3,000 of his tanks), 10,000 machine guns (a third of his guns), and over 900 fighters and 500 bombers, about a third of his air force groups. With almost his entire force gone, Sung retreated to Uruguay and the easternmost pocket of Argentina. He decided to hold this land down to the last soldier. Sung's troops built a line called the Bueno Aries-Montevideo Line, stretching from Montevideo down to Bueno Aries. It had four defense lines. The first stretched into the neck of the Violentian front line, and was the heaviest defended, with over 3,000 machine guns, 500 outposts, 3.4 million defenders, five lines of thick barbed wire, dug in trenches, 5,000 cannons, and four defense walls. It also had anti-aircraft guns, anti-tank guns, natural barricades, and built in mounds of earth, supported by lines of electrical-charged fence. The second and third defense lines had 1,000 machine guns each, 600 outposts, 1 million defenders each, 3,000 cannons, and three defense walls. The final defense line ran across the center of Montevideo and Bueno Aries, using the river as a front barrier, plus lines of machine guns, mounds of earth, barbed wire, and 10 million defenders, supported by 190 aircraft and 300 tanks.
The Violentians made the costly mistake of attacking these defense lines. In August 2015 1.4 million troops attacked the first defense line. Badly outnumbered, the Violentians charged into the field, being mowed down by Bluegarian machine guns and cannons. They bombed the lines, threw flamethrowers, and shelled, but could not break through the lines. In the end, out of 1.4 million Violentian attackers, more then 1.3 million died, and 300,000 wounded. Out of 600 attacking tanks, 540 were destoryed and 40 severely damaged. Out of 300 bombers, 290 were destoryed and 10 severely damaged. Out of 5,100 attacking fighters, 4,900 were destoryed and over a thousand severely damaged. After this massive defeat, the Violentians would never again launch reckless assaults.
But Bluegarian losses were also heavy. About 1.4 million defenders died, and a million were wounded. About 2,000 machine guns were destoryed, as was 320 outposts, four lines of wire, three-fifths of the trenches, 4,900 cannons, and one defense wall (two others severely damaged). The Bluegarians' morale crashed and their size was decreased by a fifth.
Invasion of GreenlandEdit
The Bluegarians' attention had been diverted to the invasion in Violetnam, so the invasion of Greenland was delayed to 2016. The Bluegarians had assembled a massive force: 4.5 million troops, 1,000 fighters and bombers, 3,000 machine guns, and 578 tanks were to land at Western Sahara, 13.9 million troops, 4,000 fighters and bombers, 6,000 machine guns, and 800 tanks at Somalia, 18.7 million troops, 9,000 fighters and bombers, 8,000 machine guns, and 1,000 tanks at Nigeria, 25.6 million troops, 6,000 fighters and bombers, 9,000 machine guns, and 2,400 tanks at Mozambique, 36.6 million troops, 18,000 fighters and bombers, 15,000 machine guns, and 20,000 tanks at South Africa. This had required a massive mobilization of industry and the populace, which will be describe in section 3.
On 5 May 2016, the troop detachments landed in Western Sahara, Somalia, Nigeria, Mozambique, and South Africa. The Greenlandians were unprepared, and outnumbered: the new king, Nelson II (Jacob Zuma had retired in that same year), was ignorant and gave poor commands, including never surrendering and never retreating: this was a bad command, for 24.5 million starving, under-equipped, poorly disciplined, and poorly coordinated Greenlandian troops faced 102.9 million well prepared, well-disciplined, and well-organized Bluegarian troops. The Greenlandians had 3,000 machine guns against 41,000 machine guns manned by the Bluegarians.
However, more then 300 million African civilians helped the Greenlandian military, by slaughtering Bluegarian soldiers, bombing Bluegarian strongholds, attacking Bluegarian patrols, and passing military secrets to the Greenlandians. As a result, a stalemate ensued, and Bluegaria had to send 40 million troops each year into Africa, draining potential energy and personnel that could be used in assaulting Redosia and re-attacking Violetnam. The Greenlandians held out until 2026.
Section 3: The Governments and Economies of the Warring NationsEdit
This section will look into the governments and economies of each nation in the Great World War, henceforth known as The War.
Violetnam: A Government in ConflictEdit
During the war, a heavy conflict in the Violentian Government arose. According to the Terms of Union, the king commanded the armed forces, and authorized the deployment of nuclear weapons. However, the king needed the approval of Congress to deploy and mobilize troops. The congress also had the sole power of declaring war, of organizing operations, and of disciplining and instructing the military. The king also appointed and dismissed military officers, but the Commonalities had to approve them. Another problem was of the budget: although the king organized and executed the budget, Congress approved it and even could change parts of it.
In June 2013, a argument within the government erupted. King Barrack I had drawn up a new plan of executing the war: the Obama plan, which called for improved defensive measures and decentralized military command. The king had issued a writ of command to the forces, announcing the plan. However, Congress, with the power to organize and instruct the military, declared the writ unconstitutional and issued it's own war plan. The king vetoed Congress's war plan, and the Commonalities overturned the veto. The military was divided: half supported the king, half supported Congress.
A spiral of conflict started. When Congress passed the Discipline Code of August 2013, the king refused to assent it and sent the bill back, because he objected to "the inclusion of weak defense measures". The Commonalities overturned the veto and initiated the Code anyways. The king then refused to enforce the Code and commanded his generals not to either, to which they dutifully complied. Congress called the king's actions treason and halted all government funds flowing to the king. King Barrack had had enough of the behavior of Congress. In May 2014, the king issued an emergency decree, dissolving Congress. However, Congress refused to dissolve, and, with the support of the people and half the military, declared Obama's reign over. The king, with his half of the military supporting him, refused to give up his Crown, and marched in on the Capitol Building, killing the members of Congress. With Congress dead, the people revolted. Even the Violentian Courts declared Obama's actions unlawful. Finally, in August 2014, the king was killed by some partisans. The leader of the revolt, Sarah Palin, a rising political figure and opponent of Obama's policies, proclaimed herself Queen of Violetnam. The new Queen ordered the election of a new Congress, and forcefully initiated the Violentian Terms of Union. From here after, Congress would gain more power.
Violetnam's Congress becomes More PowerfulEdit
After the 1st Congress of Queen Palin convened, the Queen issued a statement, stating her goals:
As the Queen of Violetnam, I will work for increased power for my most loyal Legislature (Congress), and to make my self more of a constitutional monarch, protecting the people and interests of my congress, instead of my interests, as the despot King Obama had,
After this, the Queen, with the advice of her Ministers, proposed the Constitutional Reform Act of 2014. This Act reformed the Terms of Union, and reorganized the Government:
- Congress was renamed the Violentian Parilament
- The Sovereign would command the forces, appoint and dismiss officals, organize operations, and plan strategy, but Parilament would regulate, organize, and discpline the military, would apporve operations, apporve the appointment and dismissal of officals, and grant or remove militaries for the Sovereign to use in military campaigns.
- Only Parilament would grant or withold taxes, duties, tariffs, and excrises, but the Sovereign would initate, collect, and propose them.
- The Bill of Rights would be guranteed: this time, the Sovereign could not arrest anyone without apporval by the Courts or by a Warrant; the Sovereign could only quarter troops in homes according to law, and the Sovereign could not influence trials in any way.
- The Prime Minister was now responsible for directing the Sovereign's actions concerning Executive Orders, on the selection and removal of officals, grants of patents and charters, grants of passports and documents, conferal of awards and honors, and the regulation of the civil service.
- The Courts now could declare actions of the Sovereign illegal, and could also do the same to Parilament. Members of the Courts would be appointed by the Sovereign, but on the proposal of Parilament, and in the name of the Prime Minister. The Courts thus gain a new vestige of power.
The Commonalites quickly apporved the Act, but the Lords were more hesistant. The Queen, using the Lords Appointment Act 2011 as a protection, dismissed many of the Lords, replacing them with conservatives loyal to the Crown. These conservatives quickly turned the tide and voted for the Reforms Act. The Queen granted it royal assent in September 2014, and it was initated in December.
After this Act, the Sovereign increasingly became a constitutional figurehead.
Violentian War MoblizationsEdit
Throughout the war, Violetnam heavily moblized for the war. In 2012, the king had issued a order establishing the War Production Board, to regulate military production and distrbution during the war. More importantly, it was granted the power to "levy all regulations on industry....to shut down unions when striking....moblize factories....control wages and prices". This was one of the only measures of the king Congress did not intefere with. In 2015, Queen Palin extended the War Production Order further, by initating a program to make all private coporations state-controlled: one of her only non-conservative actions. In June 2016, Parilament passed the Freedoms Restriction Act, proposed by the Prime Minister, Edward Kennedy Jr. This Act restricted the freedoms of Violentians:
- The freedom of speech is suspended. All opponents of the war are to be arrested and charged for treason. Freedom of the press is also suspended: the government assumes control of television, radio, book publication, movies, newspapers, magazines, and computer information. Any newspapers opposing the war are shut down. Movie studios and television companies are confiscated when they oppose government policy.
- The right to a fair trial and the right of habeas corpus are suspended: the Sovereign now can arrest and detain anyone without trial; any trials are presided by a government appointed commissioner: people of all races, both sexes, and all origins can be arrested when suspected of supporting the enemy.
- The government is allowed to execute prisioners without a court order in times of extreme national emergency.
- All telephone conversations and online chats are to be patrolled by government agents. Police are allowed to trash houses and invade the privacy of persons, public and private, when they are suspected of being a enemy agent.
Queen Palin, in a liberal and ironic move, refused to assent the Bill, sending a Objection about the invasion on freedoms and liberties. She begged "for Parilament not to overide my veto, for the sake of the people". The Commonalites however refused to consider her plead and overturned her Veto, sending the Act directly to the Office of Royal Registering. The Queen ordered the Office to wait for three and a half days to register the Bill (the Consitutional Reform Act said the Office had three days to register a Bill into the Law, or it would not become law). The Office did so. However, the Royal Court overturned the Queen's actions, declaring them unconsitutional and having the Bill registered, thus nulling a part of the Constitutional Reform Act. Queen Palin reacted by appointing, without her minister's advise, justices loyal to the Crown. Parilament however, refused to accept the appointments on constitutional grounds. From here on after, very ironically, the Queen would try to find ways to maintain a sort of degree of power.
The War Production Board heavily moblized Violentian industry. About a fifth of Violentian consumer goods factories were converted to military factories, and another three-fifths had a third of their output converted to military. Each factory in Violetnam (there was more then 40 million of them), churned out 8,000 machine guns, 560 tanks, 2,400 bombers, 9,000 fighters, 1,400 cannons, 5,000 pairs of uniforms, and almost 20,000 warships weekly. Factories that lagged behind were closed or taken by the government.
The Production Board also set quotas of consumer goods, wages, and prices. Before the war, the average Violentian worker made $80 a hour on the factoryline. When the War began, the Production Board lowered the average wage to $10 a hour. The government also raised prices on the average consumer good, which I will detail in the next article-section. The government also decreed that only 3% of each consumer good could be used for the public.
Collecting Money for the War EffortEdit
During the war, the government raised existing taxes and even created new ones. The following are examples:
- Parilament raised the income tax from 6% to 87%, and most of the burden fell on the middle-class and rich, who paid over three-fourths of the income tax, while a fourth was paid by the poor.
- Parilament raised the property tax from $1,000 a year to $5,000 a month, especially on the middle-class and wealthy. Again, the poor only paid a fourth of this amount.
- The sales tax was raised from $0.15 per grocery to $4.55 per grocery. The sales tax on furniture was raised from $16.50 to $100.90.
- A new meat tax was introduced, starting at $5.66 per slice of meat, eventually rising to $10.66 per slice of meat.
- The clothing tax was introduced, laying a cost of $50.00 per suit of clothing purchased. A tax was also laid for each article of clothing monthly, $16.77.
- The gasoline tax was introduced, adding $0.60 to the price of regular gasoline to be paid to the government. Later, this is raised to $1.50.
- A coporation tax was introduced, seizing from coporations and companies 40% of their profits, and a third of their sales gains.
- A bails tax was introduced, adding $100.99 to a regular bail price when arrested, to go to the government.
- A internet tax was introduced, laying a amount of $60.70 for every hour of internet use. This money, again, would go to the government, and not the internet services.
- A telephone tax was introduced, laying a amount of $50.90 per telephone conversation and $16.00 per use of telephone.
- A airline tax was introduced, adding $627.54 to a airline ticket's cost, and laying a tax of $54.33 per hour on the airline. Again, it would go to the government.
These taxes the government introduced or raised helped contribute to the revenues the Violentian government used to pay for the Great War (which cost the government a trillion dollars weekly).
Organizing the MilitaryEdit
During the war, the Violentian government, like the other governments, initiated a draft. All men between the ages of 18 and 40 had to register for military service. They were rushed through examinations, received quick training, armed, and sent to the frontline. Eventually, the Violentian army had 305.6 million soldiers. Most of this number never returned. By the end of the war, only 15 million soldiers had survived. Women between those ages were excluded, but they were registered to work at factories, service and technology sectors, and mines, helping to provide the materials to win the war. Women also served as nurses, codebreakers, agents and spies, and strategists. Men between the ages of 40 and 60 were called up to serve in the fire-fighting, police, hospital, and home guard forces. Women in this age group were called up to serve in these professions as well.
Each soldier received a backpack, usually weighing a hundred pounds, about half their weight. They had a pistol, machine gun, rifle, fifteen grenades, thirteen flamethrowers, a radar pack, a walki-talkie, a water container, a map, a food container (with two pieces of bread, hard crackers, some chocolate and marshmallows, and raw carrots), working materials (to build trenches), a small tent, a flashlight, a toothbrush with some toothpaste, and a notebook with a pen (to write a journal with or keep important notes).
Redosia's Government: The Effective KingEdit
Unlike Violetnam or Greenland, whose monarchs' power were limited by law or convention, the kings of Redosia and Bluegaria reigned with absolute power, effectively carrying out a large-scale war without constraint. Two monarchs reigned over Redosia during the war, William I of Redosia (r. 2010-2013), who did not accomplish much, and William II the Great of Redosia (r. 2013-2073), one of Redosia's greatest rulers, reigning during most of the war, as King, and some two decades after it, as Emperor.
King William II was a forceful man: he worked for efficiency, done in his style, and barely tolerated anybody who stood in his way. He believed in a monarch ruling with aboslute power, grateful that his father had secured that in the Redosian Terms.
According to the Terms, the king had a Royal Council, much like the Privy Council during the reign of Elizabeth I of England, that advised him on administration and the persecution of the war. However, in 2014, William II issued a decree removing this Council, retaining only a few select councilors as executors, and from thereon he decreed he would make the decisions without advise.
During the war, all decrees, edicts, proclamations, charters and laws were issued by the king, with the help of his secretaries, who officially published them. The following sections will go into his domestic and foreign policies, similar to Violetnam's.
Expansion of State ControlEdit
In July 2013, months after coming to power, the king issued the Decree on Extending State Control over the Media. This Decree:
- Placed all forms of communication and entertainment under the control of the government.
- Established the Royal Communications Board to regulate and oversee all forms of media and to make sure they were in compliance with government media code.
- Guide-lined punishments for criticizing the war or the government.
- Implemented the first War Media Codes, regulating the content of media, the methods of broadcast, the layout of the general programming, and other concerns. These Codes also imposed a direct government control structure at the top of the media corporations.
After this decree, several newspapers, including The Sun and Daily Telegraph were seized by the government for opposing the war. The decree also forced BBC to convert it's programming to completely military and political. Numerous radio stations, minor television channels, and newspapers were also affected considerably.
William II also used other methods, in order to extend state control over society. He suspended the Redosian Human Rights Law, imposed monitoring of internet and telephone services, strengthened anti-privacy laws, and instated the death penalty for a third of all crimes. William II also committed numerous other actions.
Mobilization of the EconomyEdit
During the war, William II established a Royal Commission for War Production and Organization to regulate the economy and fund the military with supplies and weapons. The Commission issued the War Production Code, regulating every sector of industry, service, and agriculture:
- The number of factories are increased from 17,000 to 49,000, most built in Siberia or Central Asia. The new factories come under the direct control of the Commission. Each new factory is led by a Commission-appointed Manager.
- A new wages and union system is introduced: wages are set at $14 a hour for military industrial workers, and $0.66 a hour for civilian industrial workers. All unions are banned and strikes are prohibited.
- Managers are granted the Power, in the name of the Crown, to punish and randomly fire workers for laziness, opposition to the government, and low output.
- A new pricing system is introduced: rare goods such as silk, tea, gold and silver products, and butter are rationed or set at $50.99 per piece of it. Most other foods are restricted to military and industrial use.
During the war, the average Redosian factory churned out 11,400 tanks, 8,000 fighters and bombers, 33,000 machine guns, and 900 cannons a week.
Paying for the WarEdit
During the war, the following taxes and duties were introduced or raised, as well other measures taken:
Industry Tax: All industries not related to the war effort were fined a billion dollars weekly to continue their operations. Not only did it profit the Crown, but the industries were forced to become involved with the war. The ones who refused to pay the taxes were foreclosed by the government.
Household Tax: A new tax on households was introduced. This tax was aimed at raising more direct revenue. Each member of a household had to contribute to the household tax, including all children over the age of twelve. Each child cost $100.00 a year, each teenager $500.00 a year, each parent $5,000 a year, and each grandparent $14,000 a year.
Land Tax: The Redosian government introduced a new tax on farmland and property. This tax also was aimed at raising more direct revenue. Farmers would pay $80,000 a year in order to keep their farms, while property owners would pay $4,000 a year. As a result, more farms applied for involvement with the government, which could spare them from paying taxes, effectively nationalizing them. This resulted in more indirect profits for the government.
City Tax: A tax on city governments was introduced. Again, the government intended to make more direct revenue. Each City Government would be required to pay $300 million dollars a year, or they would lose control over their localities. The government profited extremely from this tax, as city governments all across Redosia paid large amounts of money, in order to keep local autonomy.
Taxes that were raised include the sales, retail, and transportation taxes. The government also seized corporations and the king even cut back on Court. Rations were introduced as well.
The Redosian MilitaryEdit
During the war, the Redosian government, like all the other governments, initiated a draft. However, all men and women between the ages of 18 and 40 were required to register for military service. The government rushed them through examinations, quickly trained them, armed them, and sent them to the frontline. By the height of the war, the Redosian army consisted of 289.6 million soldiers. Less then 20 million survived. The government also required all men and women between the ages of 40 and 70 to participate in fire-fighting, hospital, home guard, and police duties. They also worked in the factories, mines, service and technology sectors, and agriculture, thus contributing to the war effort.
Each Redosian soldier received a backpack, which bore a rifle, two pistols, a mini-machine gun, three flamethrowers, ten grenades, a map, a food container (with three hard crackers and raw grapes), a water container, a small flashlight, a portable sleeping bag, a small journal with a pen, and a toothbrush with toothpaste.
Bluegaria and Greenland: Their Governments, Militaries, and EconomiesEdit
During the war, Bluegaria had three monarchs, all of them but one ruled with absolute power. The first king was James I of Bluegaria (formerly Kim-Jong-il, reigned 2009-2019). James I had established Bluegaria and instigated the war. The second king was his young son, James II of Bluegaria (reigned 2019-2025). James II was too young to rule, at the age of 10, and power was held by his mother, Queen-Dowager Natalie. James II died in 2025 at the age of 15, and Queen-Dowager Natalie became full Queen (reigned 2025-2048).
Bluegaria's government was much harsher then those of Redosia, Violetnam, and Greenland. During the war, the government nationalized all communications and media, and placed severe restrictions on the freedoms of the people. Bluegarian opponents of the war were arrested and murdered in large numbers without any type of trial. The government also created hundreds of new taxes and raised existing ones considerably, effectively bankrupting everyone in the country. The economy was completely mobilized, with all factories seized by the government. Every hundred factories in Bluegaria produced 38,000 tanks, 58,000 bombers and fighters, 5,150 machine guns, and 1,300 cannons a month, a considerable amount.
At it's height, the army of the Kingdom of Bluegaria consisted of 780.9 million soldiers, dwarfing the 300 million soldiers Violetnam fielded and the 289 million soldiers fielded by Redosia. Despite this numerical advantage, the Bluegarians would eventually be defeated due to their arrogance, as well their overstretched forces, poor tactics, and poorly trained troops.
Each Bluegarian soldier carried only a machine gun, fifteen grenades, fifteen flamethrowers, a rifle, and three pistols. They did not carry any food, water, or portable tents. Nor did the Bluegarian forces carry journals. They were completely devoted to war, and slept on the ground.
Like the king of Violetnam, during the war, the king of Greenland had certain limits to his power. However, the king was elected every four years, almost like the President of the United States had once been. There was three kings during the war: King Jacob I (reigned 2010-2016, reelected 2014), King Nelsoni I (reigned 2016-2021, lost reelection), and King Nelsoni II (reigned 2021-2026, elections cancelled). The king commanded the armed forces, supervised the government, and presided over a elected legislature, the Royal Council. He was bound by the Acts of Union which had established Greenland. However, very few political disputes occurred in Greenland's government during Greenland's participation in the war.
Out of the four kingdoms (Bluegaria, Redosia, Violetnam, and Greenland), the Kingdom of Greenland was the poorest one. Greenland's economy was largely unprepared, and mainly relied on primitive agriculture. When the war began, King Jacob I made numerous efforts to improve and modernize the economy. However, the traditionalist Council rejected most of his plans. Thus the economy remained largely primitive. The king was, however, able to persuade the Council to triple existing taxes. However, most people in Greenland were extremely poor. 60 percent did not pay even half of their taxes, and a further 30 percent not at all. As a result, both Greenland's economy and military would be affected.
At it's height, the army of the Kingdom of Greenland consisted of only 30.5 million soldiers, the smallest of all the kingdoms. The reason it was so small was because the government mandated voluntary enrollment, not conscription such as the other governments did. Most people in Greenland did not want to participate in war, being concerned primarily with survival, and only the truly patriotic enrolled. Almost all of Greenland's troops would die by the time Bluegaria conquered Greenland in 2026.
Each Greenlandian soldier, except perhaps the highest-ranking officers, were poorly trained and poorly equipped. They might carry a rifle, a small pistol, and perhaps three grenades. Because Greenland was extremely poor, no food, water, or tent supplies were given to the soldiers. Usually the Greenlandian men would starve.
Section 4: Second Stage of the War (2020-2030)Edit
Stalemate in the AmericasEdit
During the last years of the 2010s, a stalemate had developed in the Americas. The Violentians had unsuccesfully attempted a assault against the Bluegarian defenses in Bueno Aries and Montevideo, in 2015, resulting in the loss of up to two million soldiers. The Bluegarians had also suffered severe damage to their defenses. As such, the last years of the decade were spent rebuilding and fortifying the defenses, while the Violentians regrouped and prepared for another attack. The Redosians regrouped and consolidated their gains. Violetnam gracefully allowed the Redosians to keep their captured Bluegarian territories. This would be a fatal mistake.
The American Stalemate dragged on into the 2020's, the second decade of the war. Despite their commander's promises, the Violentians did not attack the Bluegarians, not wanting to suffer any casualities in battle. The Redosians did not attack either. However, other problems occured. Before retreating to the Montevideo-Buenos Aires Defenses, the Bluegarian forces had destroyed much of the Amazon rain forest and drained most of the waters of the Amazon. This had caused the deaths of billions of lifeforms and also inflicted severe eclogical damage on the planet. The Violentians and Redosians were shocked. They also discovered the Bluegarians had slaughtered or beaten more then 120 million innocent civilians during their retreat, including almost all of the populations of Columbia and Boilvia. This angered the Allies.
The stalemate in the Americas continued for the rest of the decade, with both sides replenishing, reorganizing, and preparing for the great offensive that was sure to come in the future. However, while the war was at a standstill in the Americas, events were occuring in Africa and in the government of Bluegaria that would help shape the furtures of Violetnam, Redosia, Bluegaria, and Greenland.
Extremination of GreenlandEdit
The invasion of Greenland continued into the early and mid 2020's. Bluegaria had invaded Greenland in 2016, with more then one hundred million troops, attempting to quickly subdue the primitive and relatively weak kingdom. However, hundreds of millions of Greenlandian civilians caused severe problems for the Bluegarian invasion force. They destroyed land useful to the Bluegarians, ambushed and killed hundreds of thousands, if not millions, of Bluegarian troops, ignited large-scale revolts and uprisings in Bluegarian-controlled territory, and provided vital intelligence to Greenlandian forces. As a result, the invasion dragged out for the rest of the decade, and by 2020, problems were even harder for Bluegarian troops.
As a result of the Greenlandian civilian problems and rebellions, king James I (and then, after his death in 2019, Regent Natalie I) authorized the deployment of 40 million troops every year into Greenland, and sometimes even more then that. Eventually, the Bluegarian invasion force exceeded 340 million troops by 2021. However, this was a mistake, as troops that could be used against Violetnam and Redosia were bogged down in severe unrest in Africa, as well the numerous difficulties of invasion.
In 2020, King Nelsoni I, the incompetent monarch who had issued foolish orders to the Greenlandian army in the initial invasion, lost the Monarchy elections. He was replaced by politician Nelson Mandela III, who was crowned King Nelsoni II in January 2021. The new monarch was determined to inflict as much damage on the Bluegarian invasion forces as possible. Due to Nelsoni II, Greenlandian resistance efforts, by both the remaining military and the civilian population, increased, and by 2023, Bluegaria was losing forty million troops a year.
Eventually, Regent Natalie I, who by 2025 had assumed full power as reigning Queen, got tired of the problems, and ordered the slaughtering of about a third of the Greenlandian population. She also authorized massive assaults against the remaining Greenlandian forces (which by now consisted of only 10 million troops, 15 million having died in the first stages of invasion). 260 million civilians were killed by Bluegarian forces as a result. Powerful Bluegarian air and land attacks, with nearly one hundred million forces, overwhelmed the small Greenlandian groups, and Bluegaria finally captured Cairo, the capital of Greenland, on 4 July 2026, ten years after the initial invasion. Nelsoni II, who had canceled elections in 2024 in order to take more direct command of the war effort, was captured and executed. What was left of Greenland, which by now consisted of Niger and Mali, surrendered on 8 July.
As a result of the conquest of Greenland, after ten bloody years of battle, Natalie I proclaimed the existence of the Empire of Bluegaria on 20 July 2026, with herself as absolute Empress for life. This proclamation was used by the Bluegarian government as propaganda in order to increase the morale of the people. They did not, however, reveal that some 140 million Bluegarian forces had died during the costly invasion and conquest of Greenland. The government had wasted tens of trillions of dollars of tax money and revenue. The treasury had incurred a deficit of $50 trillion dollars. As a result, the government was bankrupt, and the military severely weakened. These problems would eventually lead to the downfall of this "Empire of Bluegaria" within the next twenty-two years. While a victory for Bluegaria, the invasion and conquest of Greenland effectively turned the tide of the war in the favor of Violetnam and Redosia. In the 2030's, a series of offensives would begin that would eventually drive Bluegaria from her conquests in Africa, and more.
Changes in Bluegarian GovernmentEdit
In 2019, halfway through the extremely costly invasion and conquest of Greenland, that would eventually lead to Bluegaria's downfall, King James I of Bluegaria became extremely ill. It was eventually discovered he was in the late stages of cancer, and thus it was too late to save the man. James I died peacefully in his bed on 6 October 2019, with his family and major advisors around him. He was buried with great pomp and propgranda in Bejing, the new capital of Bluegaria. James I was officially succeded by his young ten-year old American son, who was crowned James II of Bluegaria the following year.
Because James II was too young to rule, since he was under the official age of eighteen, his mother, and the wife of the deceased James I, the American woman, Queen-Dowager Natalie Naryina, was appointed the Regent, to rule in James II's name until he reached age. The new Regent Natalie had secret ambitions of taking the Crown of Bluegaria for herself and leading the nation to greatness. So, she committed a series of actions designed to insure this would happen.
Regent Natalie issued a "regency decree", which pushed the official age to twenty-one, supposedly for "allowing the experiences of the young king to develop further in a longer period of time". This was simply meant to buy her more time to seize the throne. Natalie also blackmailed the boy king into signing a statement which would annoint Natalie the king's supreme chancellor after her regency would end. This would secure her even more time.
From 2019-2025, Natalie I reigned with absolute power in the name of King James II. The king underwent his required education and political training. Meanwhile, starting in late 2023, Regent Natalie hatched a plot, designed to kill her own son and give her the Crown. In January 2025, this plot was secretly carried out. At night, a assasin hired secretly by the Regent and her supporters kidnapped and murdered the king. His body was dumped in front of the Royal Palace the next day. Natalie I pretended to express sorrow over his death, and, with the support of her advisors, promptly declared herself Natalie I, Queen of Bluegaria. She was recognized as the new monarch of Bluegaria by the people, government, and military. The new queen attended the deceased king's funeral, in order to fool the public that she was grieving. In reality, she was delighted her son, and the former-boy king, was dead. The queen was coronated at the end of the year. In July 2026, she proclaimed the existence of the Bluegarian Empire, after the conquest of Greenland was completed, and declared herself Empress. She was coronated again, this time in a Imperial ceremony, in January 2027.
Section 5: Third Stage of the War (2030-2040)Edit
Allied Offensive in South AmericaEdit
In 2030, the 15-year long American Stalemate finally came to an end. The Violentian and Redosian military forces had spent nearly two decades rebuilding, reorganizing, and replenishing their forces, after the losses suffered in the 2014-2015 campaigns. Meanwhile, the Bluegarians had also rebuilt their defenses and re-organized their troops. But they were not prepared for what was about to come there way.
In June 2030, the Allied forces launched a massive air, naval, and land offensive against the Bluegarian stronghold in Buenos Aries and Montevideo. 400 Redosian destroyers and 200 Violentian destroyers bombarded the coastal positions of the Bluegarian defenses, heavily damaging or destroying them. Nearly 1,000 Violentian bombers destroyed even more positions. Then, 26 million Violentian and Redosian troops attacked the defenses, using their machine guns and weapons to kill over 2 million defenders. Finally, they broke into Montevideo and the outskirts of Buenos Aries, and the remaining Bluegarian defenders were forced to surrender by the end of the year.
This victory destroyed the last Bluegarian stronghold in South America, although the Violentians and Redosians lost nearly 10 million troops. Bluegarian morale went down slightly, and Empress Natalie I attempted to cover the incident up. However, more problems would befall her empire.
Problems for Violetnam also arose though. During the 18 years of the Bluegarian presence in South America, immense devastation had come to the area. The Bluegarians had killed 5 million innocent civilians during their occupation, and a further 120 million were murdered in cold blood during the Bluegarian fighting retreat in the mid-2010s. The Bluegarians had also destroyed 95% of the Amazon rain forest and drained more then 70% of the waters of the Amazon. These actions had killed billions of more plant and animal lifeforms, including numerous millions of unknown species. It had also turned South America from a lush forest, filled with tons of life, to a barren wasteland, with a low presence by either animal or human. As a result, Violetnam's access to natural resources and medicine was severely impacted. The provinces of Brazil, Argentina, Venezuela, and Columbia, the most prosperous areas of the continent, had all been severely damaged and depopulated, and thus, the economy of Violetnam was impacted. Economic growth dropped by 10%.
Redosian Campaigns in the PacificEdit
In January 2032, the Kingdom of Redosia, after two years of planning and organization, launched a invasion of the Bluegarian colonies and territories in the Pacific. This invasion was meant to secure control of the Pacific, thus establishing a blockade on the eastern side of the Bluegarian Empire. It would also be in preparation of a eventual Redosian-Violentian invasion. It was also meant for revenge after Bluegaria had destroyed the remaining Redosian stronghold in the Pacific in 2018, 14 years prior. More then 3 million Redosian forces assaulted Micronesia, Polynesia, and Melanesia.
At first, it seemed the Redosians would be defeated. More then 6 million Bluegarian forces were on the Pacific Islands, supported by a fleet of 100 destroyers, 23 cruisers, and a carrier. The Redosians had only 80 destroyers, 10 cruisers, and 1 mini-cruiser. However, the Redosian tactics and organization were more efficient and laid-down. The Redosians used surprise and swift maneuvers in order to encircle and trap the enemy fleet. They then used their superior weaponry and machinery in order to bombard and blast the Bluegarian fleet into surrender. Finally, after hours of bombardment and fighting, the Bluegarian fleet surrendered. The Redosians had lost only 3 destroyers, as well moderate damage to their mini-cruiser, while the Bluegarians had lost 50 destroyers and 20 cruisers, as well major damage to their sole carrier.
After defeating the Bluegarian fleet, the Redosian fleet blockaded almost all of the Pacific islands, including Guam, Wake Island, the Hawaii Islands, Papua New Guinea, French Polynesia, the Philippines, and numerous Bluegarian-controlled minor islands. The Redosians used their machinery and weaponry to bombard the defenses of the islands, and cut them off from trade. Once the island defenses were sufficiently weakened, troops were landed. The troops, although on general outnumbered, used surprise tactics, quick maneuvers, and their superior weapons to overwhelm and defeat the enemy. Air and naval support was also used to assist them. The islands were all captured by June 2033.
The relatively quick and effective victory of the Redosian Kingdom over the Bluegarian Empire in the Pacific demonstrated how the roles had changed. Bluegaria was overstretched and exhausted after the extremely costly invasion and conquest of Greenland. It was also the first time in 17 years that Bluegarian territory had been invaded and seized (not including the territory lost in South America).
Violentian offensives into Bluegarian Greenland IslandEdit
After Redosia had invaded and conquered the Bluegarian Pacific, Violetnam launched it's own offensive, starting in July 2033, into Bluegarian territory, this time against the island of Bluegarian Greenland, near Violentian Canada. However, events would play differently for Violetnam.
The Bluegarians, although having only 100,000 troops within Greenland Island, were familiar with the climate and landscape of that Arctic landmass. They had adopted their tactics there accordingly, using the climate and weather to their advantage. The Bluegarians slowed the Violentian advance by these tactics, and caused their enemies to lose 50,000 troops. The Bluegarians then fought a fighting retreat, destroying any villages along the way.
Eventually, by January 2035, Violetnam had only conquered half of Greenland Island, with the rest held by the Bluegarians. The Bluegarian forces ambushed Violentian forces, bombarded Violentian positions, and committed sabotage in Violentian installations. These actions, plus the cost of the invasion, took the lives of 80,000 Violentian men, out of a invasion force of 130,000.
Throughout the rest of the decade, the Violentians struggled to take the rest of Greenland, and were resisted heavily by Bluegarian forces. A Greenlandian Stalemate ensued in 2037 that would last until 2040, a year of major Allied offensives into Australia, Western Africa, and Transcaucasia.
The Redosian and Bluegarian naval fleets occurred in minor naval skirmishes and actions during the first half of the 2030's, mainly in the Mediterranean, Black Sea, and Caspian Sea. These had little effect on the general framework of the war, however. But one major battle, that occurred in the Mediterranean, on 4 July 2036, insured Redosian dominance on the seas. It caused severe devastation to the Bluegarian navy, from which it would never fully recover.
A Redosian fleet of 600 destroyers, 280 submarines, 120 cruisers, and 8 carriers, was sailing along the coast of Greece, which was within the control of the Kingdom of Redosia. Meanwhile, a massive Bluegarian fleet of 1,000 destroyers, 560 submarines, 220 cruisers, and 40 carriers detected the Redosian fleet and set out to destroy it. However, this Bluegarian fleet, although comprising two-thirds of the entire Bluegarian navy, was extremely inexperienced and ill-organized. The Redosians used their professionalism and efficient organization, as well surprise tactics and quick use of their submarines, to deal a severe blow to the Bluegarian fleet. The Redosians lost 200 destroyers, 80 submarines, 30 cruisers, and a carrier, to the massive Bluegarian losses of 880 destroyers, 460 submarines, 180 cruisers, and 30 carriers.
The Bluegarian navy had been severely impacted, and was forced to terminate it's operations in the Mediterranean, Black Sea, and Caspian Sea. The Bluegarians would never fully recover from their massive losses. The Battle of Chesma, as it came to be called, all but insured Redosian control of the seas. It also turned the tide of the war even greater against the Empire of Bluegaria.
The First Half of the Final Stage of the War (2040-2045)Edit
Allied Offensive into Australia and New ZealandEdit
During this last decade of the war, numerous major offensives and events occurred that would eventually destroy both Bluegaria and Violetnam, leaving Redosia as the world's sole country, and as a new empire. The first of these was a Allied offensive into Bluegarian-controlled Australia and New Zealand. It would deliver a blow to the Bluegarians, and give the Allies a stagepoint to invade Indonesia.
On January 4, 2040, a Redosian/Violentian fleet of 200 destroyers, 250 cruisers, and 260 submarines appeared off the coast of Australia, within the jurisdiction of the Empire of Bluegaria. This fleet then encountered a small Bluegarian fleet of 150 destroyers, 150 cruisers, and 150 submarines. The Redosian tactics and organization caused the destruction of 100 Bluegarian destroyers, 140 Bluegarian cruisers, and 100 Bluegarian submarines. The Violentians however, were ill-prepared and lost 50 destroyers, with the Redosians losing only five.
The Allied fleet then unloaded nearly 600,000 Redosian troops and 400,000 Violentian marines. This force established a beachhead on the coast, while more then 4,000 Redosian offensive aircraft shelled the positions of the Bluegarian defense force of nearly 1.3 million troops, which outnumbered the Allied invasion forces by at least 300,000. However, the Bluegarian force was unprepared and ill-organized, and suffered severe damage to their defenses, due to the Redosian bombers. Then, the Redosian forces snaked up the coast, taking Melbourne and Adelaide along the way. The Violentian forces, foolishly, pounded into the middle of the Bluegarian forces, with little air support and no preperation. The Violentians lost 100,000 troops, and nearly doomed the entire invasion. However, Redosian surprise tactics and quick pincer manuevers around the back of the Bluegarian defense force kept the tide in the Allied favor, although the Redosians lost 60,000 troops. After months of bombardment, endless slaughter, and blockade, the Bluegarian defense force surrendered on 5 May 2040, and the rest of Australia was occupied by the Allies by 20 June.
Although a victory of the Allies, it cost much in casualities. The Redosians, all total, lost 120,000 troops, while the Violentians lost an alarming 230,000 troops. The Bluegarians had suffered the loss of 560,000 troops, and what was left of their navy was severely impacted. They now had only 50 destroyers, 10 cruisers, 20 submarines, and 3 carriers. Massive devestation had also come to Australia, with more then 15 million civilians dead or dying. Australia now had a population of 14 million, from a high of 29 million. Adelaide, Melborune, Perth, and numerous other Australian towns were virtually destroyed, crumbling into ruins. The victory also demonstrated the efficient and superior tactics and organization of the Redosians, the exhaustion and overextension of the Bluegarians, and the incompetence and low efficiency of the Violentians.
Redosian offensive into TranscaucasiaEdit
In July 2040, immediately after the invasion and conquest of Bluegarian Australia was completed by the Allies, the Kingdom of Redosia launched a long-awaited offensive into Transcaucasia. It was meant as revenge for the Bluegarian conquest of the Redosian territories in Transcaucasia in the early 2010s. The offensive was also meant to secure control of the Caucasus Mountains, which could serve as a base of operations for raids and future assaults into Bluegarian Turkey and Bluegarian Iran.
On 18 July, more then 300,000 Redosian forces, supported by 700 tanks and 780 bombers, assaulted the Bluegarian positions all across Transcaucasia. The Bluegarians outnumbered the Redosians, with more then 600,000 troops, 1,000 tanks, and 1,800 bombers. However, as usual, they were ill-prepared and poorly trained. The battle quickly became a stalemate, with Redosian tactics holing the Bluegarian forces up in their strongholds. Although the Bluegarians had poor training, their morale was high, and they refused to surrender. Redosian and Bluegarian bombers struggled to blast the others positions, and only met with limited success. The mountainous terrain also blocked any significant advance by either side.
By the end of 2040, Redosia had only secured control of Bluegarian Azerbajan, with Bluegarian Georgia and Bluegarian Armenia still in enemy hands. The battle dragged on until 2045, when the final Bluegarian forces were destroyed or captured. The bloody Battle of Transcaucasia had cost the Redosians 150,000 troops, 400 tanks, and 695 bombers, but the Bluegarians lost 470,000 troops, 890 tanks, and 990 bombers. It demonstrated the difficulties of invading the main territory of Bluegaria, although victories had been secured in the Pacific, Australia, and South America.
Allied offensives into AfricaEdit
In early August 2040, while the Redosian offensive into Bluegarian Transcaucasia was ongoing, the Allies (both Redosia and Violetnam) launched a massive offensive into Africa. For 14 years, ever since the invasion and conquest of Greenland by Bluegaria in 2026, the Allies had organized a massive invasion force, of some 150 million soldiers, comprised of soldiers from the Violentian and Redosian populations. The two kingdoms had increased their militaries considerably. They had also assembled as many tanks and machine guns as they could spare, which mounted up to 50,000 tanks and 20,000 machine guns. They were heavily outnumbered, facing a Bluegarian force of 240 million troops, 80,000 tanks, and 50,000 machine guns.
However, the Bluegarian forces were extremely exhausted, tired, overextended, and poorly-organized. This was a result of the extremely costly invasion and conquest of Greenland, in which 140 million Bluegarian soldiers had perished. These facts stood some 14 years after Greenland had finally been exterminated. Also, dissent was beginning to grow amongst the 700 million remaining civilians of Africa (200 million having been slaughtered during the invasion and conquest). These facts would immensely aid the Allied invasion force.
The Allies were able to land their troops relatively quickly, on the western coast of Africa, in Bluegarian Morocco, Bluegarian Western Sahara, Bluegarian Senegal, Bluegarian Ghana, and Bluegarian Nigeria. The reason they were able to do so was because the Bluegarian navy had virtually been annihilated in the Battles of the Pacific, Chesma, and Australia. Once the Allies landed, more then 100 million Bluegarian forces set out to destroy the small 150 million man invasion force. However, once those Bluegarian forces left, more then 380 million civilians across Africa, well over a third of the the entire civilian population, finally rose up in wide-scale rebellion and civil unrest. They were inspired, upon hearing of the "liberation" invasion force.
The Bluegarian forces in Africa were now forced into a very complicated situation: they had to both drive the invasion force out, and to crush the rebellions by the civilians. However, they could not accomplish both. Also, many of their number were tired of war. So, when Empress Natalie I sent orders to crush the rebellions and to drive out the "infidel invaders", more then 60 million Bluegarian soldiers refused to carry out their orders and deserted the army, cutting the Bluegarian forces down to only 180 million troops. More problems would arise, when Redosian forces seized Western Sahara and drove into Mali, splitting the Bluegarian confrontation force in half. Also, the rebellion of the people took the lives of 40 million more Bluegarian soldiers. Their armies went down to 140 million forces, and were outnumbered by the rebels and invasion force. In order to avoid further casualties, the Bluegarian generals surrendered on 4 May 2042, thus bringing Africa into the hold of the Allies.
This was a smashing victory for the Violentians and Redosians, who had lost only 3 million troops. They had captured 140 million Bluegarian soldiers, and also had secured control of Africa! The Bluegarians themselves had suffered a grave defeat, losing 240 million forces, either to desertion, death, or surrender. Morale fell by over 60%, and Natalie I's popularity dropped to less then 20%. The military was gravely crippled, and the government lost potential revenue and resources.
Once taking control, the Allies granted regional autonomy to the civilian populations of Africa, and divided the territory between them. They then assembled 40 million troops in eastern Egypt, to invade Bluegarian Middle East.
Violentian offensives resumed in Greenland IslandEdit
In October 2040, the Violentian forces resumed their offensive in Bluegarian Greenland Island. Their morale had been boosted by the successful Allied victory in Australia, as well the successful landings in Western Africa, and the Redosian progress into parts of Transcaucasia. The Violentians used a series of new tactics. 100 Violentian bombers shelled the position of the Bluegarian defenders, while 15,000 Violentian forces attacked the outer forts of the Bluegarians. Then, an overwhelming Violentian movement drove to the north, with the first Violentian unit reaching the eastern coast of Greenland in May 2041. Violentian forces cut the Bluegarian defenders off, and finally forced their surrender in October 2041.
The Violentians, all total, had lost some 100,000 troops, while the Bluegarians had lost nearly 96,000 men, out of virtually their entire defense force. Greenland had a small civilian population of 5,000, with nearly all of them dying. Only 100 civilians, mainly Eskimos, survived.
The Final Half of the Final Stage of the War (2045-2050)Edit
Allied offensive into the Middle EastEdit
In January 2045, the final stage of the war began, that would lead to the complete destruction of both Bluegaria and Violetnam. In this 35th year of war, major offensives occurred against Bluegaria. These were sucessfull Allied offensives into the Middle East, Indonesia and Burma, and southern India. The first of these was into the Middle East, and would deliver one of several death blows to Bluegaria.
On 2 January, a major offensive against the Middle East occurred. A Redosian force of 380,000, centered in Mecca, launched a massive offensive into Bluegarian Saudi Arabia, including the Bluegarian stronghold of Medina. A Violentian naval fleet of 150 destroyers and 3 carriers unloaded a army of 230,000 Violentian troops and 150,000 Redosian marines. Meanwhile in Egypt, a force of some 43.5 million Redosian/Violentian troops, slammed into Israel and the West Bank.
Early on, the Bluegarian defense force of 20.0 million was overwhelmed. The Bluegarians lost the cities of Medina, Jerusalem, and Ammon by 18 February. Bluegarian soldiers, tired of fighting, revolted, retreating across the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers in Iraq into Bluegarian Iran. Redosian forces captured Riyadh on 25 February. By 1 March, the Violentians had captured the provinces of Bluegarian Oman, Yemen, Arab Emirates, and Qatar, while Redosian forces seized Kuwait, Iraq, and parts of southwestern Iran, as well seizing Syria and Lebanon. The Bluegarians attempted a counterattack across the Iranian oil fields on 6 March, but were driven back with crippling losses. By 4 April, all of the Middle East except eastern Iran and Afghanistan was in Allied hands.
Redosian offensive into Indonesia and BurmaEdit
On 24 February, the Redosians launched a major offensive into Bluegarian Burma and Indonesia. They attacked with 24 million troops, supported by a air force of 1,810 bombers and 1,200 fighters. The Bluegarian defense force of 15 million was overwhelmed. The Redosians used a series of surprise tactics, swift maneuvers, and entrapping actions to defeat and encircle their enemy. The Bluegarian force, who were largely inexperienced, retreated into Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia, losing 10 million soldiers total. Rangoon and Jakarta were both captured by the Redosians by 28 April. The Redosians had control of all of Indonesia and Burma by 3 May. They had lost only 30,000 soldiers, and it was a great victory for them.
Allied offensive into southern IndiaEdit
The greatest, and longest-lasting, of the year's anti-Bluegarian offensives was into southern India and Sri Lanka (Ceylon). On 1 April, the Allies launched a massive offensive into southern Bluegarian India, with more then 150 million troops, supported by 6,000 bombers and 5,680 fighters. They faced a massive Bluegarian defense force of 250 million troops, with 14,000 bombers and 10,000 fighters.
At first, it seemed the Allies were at a loss in term of numerical advantage, but the Bluegarian forces were ill-equipped, poorly coordinated, poorly trained, and poorly organized. Also, numerous tensions existed amongst the Indian population. In May, more then 300 million Bluegarian Indians revolted, ensnaring the Bluegarian forces, as they had been in Africa. The Bluegarians retreated, but also fought along the way. They destroyed hundreds of villages, sacked Bombay and other Indian cities, and also destroyed much farmland. The Bluegarians also killed more then 200 million civilians. Actions with Allied invasion forces killed 100 million more.
Eventually, by 5 December the last Bluegarian army group had been turfed into northern India, and the Allies now controlled half of the Indian sub-continent. However, the Redosians had lost 10 million troops, while the Violentians had lost 40 million troops. This again was a demonstration of the Allies' varying fighting skills and organization. It also told William II of Redosia that Violetnam would be a relatively easy picking. India had also been harmed severely. Out of a population of 1 billion, India had lost 300 million people. India's economy had been ruined, and much Indian farmland had been completely devastated.
Bluegarian suicide methodsEdit
By December 2045, the Bluegarian Empire was extremely desperate. Bluegaria had lost battle after battle since the extremely costly conquest of Greenland. It had lost it's last territory in South America, lost Greenland, been stripped of most of it's navy, lost control of Africa in just two years (compared to the ten it had took to conquer it), was defeated in the Pacific and Oceania, and lost control of the Middle East, southern India, Burma, and Indonesia. The financial devastation caused by the conquest of Greenland began to take great effect. The Bluegarian government had a deficit of $140.9 trillion dollars, which rose by $30 billion every day. The Empire was near bankruptcy. Natalie I of Bluegaria (who was known as Natalie the Terrible by her own people) instigated a series of desperate measures, meant to bring the war to the Allies.
Bluegarian-funded terrorists infiltrated the Violentian and Redosian governments. They also disguised themselves as regular civilians. The terrorists committed a series of terrorist actions, such as the destruction of Violetnam's airports in Denver, New York City, Boston, and Atlanta, as well kidnapping and killing hundreds of thousands of civilians. The terrorists were less successful in Redosia, managing to destroy only parts of the Paris airport.
While William II (who was already being called the Great) of Redosia took effective action against these attacks, introducing successful anti-terrorist measures, Queen Sarah II the Ignorant of Violetnam (the daughter of Sarah I; reigned 2025-2050), was ignorant and did little. As such, Violentian morale went down. The Bluegarian terrorist attacks finally ended in December 2047, which by then Bluegaria was extremely close to death. More then 300,000 Violentian civilians had died, compared to only 30,000 Redosian civilians.
Collapse of BluegariaEdit
In June 2046, after months of rest and reorganization, the Allies instigated a final offensive that would eventually cause the complete collapse of Bluegaria. A massive invasion force of 160 million, stationed in Allied-occupied Iran, invaded Bluegarian Iran and Afghanistan. A Redosian force of 20 million invaded Bluegarian Laos and Cambodia. A Allied force of 150 million invaded northern India. Another Redosian force of 10 million launched raids into Bluegarian Manchuria. This attack from numerous directions was meant to cripple Bluegaria.
Natalie I, who proved her incompetence in military affairs, ordered her forces to stay in their positions and to never surrender. These foolish orders would help lead to the downfall of her empire. The Bluegarian force of 450 million, although outnumbering the Allied invasion force, was incompetent and dis-organized. The Redosian forces immediately encircled the Bluegarian force of 100 million in Indochina. They zoomed ahead, cutting them off and crunching them to the coast. The Bluegarian Indochina Army surrendered on 8 October.
The massive offensives continued into 2047. On 8 January, a Allied force captured New Delhi and on 1 February, captured Calcutta. Meanwhile, a Violentian army group of 8 million swiveled along the Iranian desert, capturing Tehran on 18 January, although suffering 1 million causalities. Into March, Allied forces bombarded Bluegarian positions in the highland regions of northern India, although they did not attack. Finally, on 29 March-3 April, a massive battle, the Battle of the Ganges River, occurred between a Bluegarian army of 50 million and a Allied army of 40 million. The Redosian surprise tactics and powerful, quick maneuvers overwhelmed the incompetent Bluegarians, who retreated on 3 April. The Allies lost 5 million men, while the Bluegarians had lost 15 million men.
Finally, on 25 December 2047, a Redosian army group reached Lhasa in Tibet, in western China, while Violentian forces reached Islamabad in Pakistan. The Bluegarians had lost this final offensive against them (although the Allies planned another offensive into China). Rebellions broke out all across Bluegaria's remaining lands, in Taiwan, China, Korea, and Japan (as well as strongholds in Pakistan). The remaining Bluegarian army of 240 million refused to crush the revolts, and some even joined in the protests. The people demanded peace, and on 24 January 2048, 38 years after the beginning of the War, and after 23 years on the throne, Empress Natalie I of Bluegaria was captured by rebels and forced to abdicate. She was imprisoned shortly after.
The Bluegarian Republic was established, which tried to continue the war against the Allies. However, a Bluegarian offensive onto Redosian-held Lhasa, on 4 February, was unsuccessful, and the Bluegarian government was forced to surrender to the Allies on 18 February 2048. Large numbers of Bluegarian soldiers (300 million) became prisoners of the Allies, and the remaining territory of Bluegaria was divided amongst the Allies. Redosia received Manchuria, Beijing and southeastern China, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan, while Violetnam received Tibet, western China, and eastern Pakistan. The Violentians believed that the Great War was over. But not yet....
Redosia declares war on Violetnam; The First of the Final Offensives of the WarEdit
On 19 February 2048, the Kingdom of Redosia declared war against it's long-time ally, the Kingdom of Violetnam, shattering Violentian hopes of an end to the war. For years, William II of Redosia had planned a invasion, with hopes on gaining control of the entire planet. Throughout the War, which had lasted for 38 years by then, the king had learned that Violetnam was not going to be a powerful enemy and it's military was weak, inefficient, ill-organized, and ill-coordinated.
Just one day after the declaration of war, Redosian forces invaded Violentian-occupied territory. The Redosian effective tactics and organization, plus their near-absolute control of the seas, insured them a heavy advantage and front-start in the offensives against Violetnam. By 4 April, the Redosians had destroyed the Violentian forces in Australia, New Zealand, and Afghanistan. This demonstrated their superiority. From 6 April-10 April, the Second Battle of the Ganges River occurred, in northern India, which lead to a Redosian victory. The Redosians lost only 20,000 troops, to the Violentian losses of over 10 million troops. By 24 April, the Redosians had captured Violentian-occupied New Delhi and Delhi.
The Redosians kept on their victory streak for the rest of the year. On 26 April, a Redosian fleet of 220 destroyers, 23 cruisers, and 5 carriers defeated and captured a Violentian fleet of 140 destroyers, 14 cruisers, and 2 carriers, much of the Violentian navy, at the Battle of the Arabian Sea. On 28 April, a Redosian army group captured the Indian city of Mumbai. In May and June, the Redosians invaded and annexed Violentian Alaska, launched successful raids into Violentian-occupied Saudi Arabia, and captured the remaining Violentian strongholds in Western China and Pakistan. By December, the Redosians had also seized Violentian possessions in eastern Iran and in Yemen, Oman, and the Arab Emirates. They had also eliminated most of the remaining Violentian navy, in the Battles of Bengal and the Northern Indian.
The Second of the Final Offensives of the WarEdit
On 1 January 2049, the Violentians launched a desperate counterattack into Redosian-controlled Iran and north India. At first, they made some minor gains, capturing Calcutta and some villages along the Iranian coast. However, William II of Redosia rallied his forces, and defeated the Violentian forces at the Battle of Bombay, on 8 January, which decided the rest of the war. The Redosians lost 40,000 troops, to a astounding Violentian loss of 25 million troops.
Afterwards, Violetnam basically had lost it's will to fight, allowing Redosia to make astronomical gains throughout the rest of 2049 and into 2050. On 10 January, Redosian forces recaptured Calcutta and the Iranian villages. On 12 January, Redosian forces crossed the Godavari River in India, and by February had reached the southern Indian coast. On 14 January, Redosian forces captured Doha, the last remaining Violentian stronghold in the Middle East. On 16 January, Redosian forces advanced into Violentian-controlled South Africa, reaching the city of Kinshasa. By the end of February, Redosian army units had reached Port Elizabeth, in South Africa. In March and April, Redosian forces invaded and conquered Violentian Greenland and Iceland.
On 2 May, the Redosians launched a major offensive into South America. Unlike the earlier Redosian battles against Violetnam, the Redosian Offensives into South America would drag out for the rest of the year. On 8 May, the Redosian 1st American Army, stationed in Redosian-controlled Guiana, launched a offensive into Violentian-controlled Guyana. At first, they made major gains, but the Violentians inflicted a defeat on them at the Battle of the Kaieteur Falls. The Redosians lost 300,000 troops. However, the Redosians slowly, but surely recovered, and finally captured Paramaribo on 18 June.
The rest of the year consisted of more successful, though costly, offensives by the Redosians into South America. On 24 June, the Redosians captured most of Venezuela. From 4-8 July, the Battle of Caracas occurred, which resulted in a Redosian victory, and their capture of the city. Throughout the rest of July, the Redosians launched successful raids into Columbia and also conquered much of the Violentian Brazilian lands north of the former location of the Amazon (which had been almost completely drained in the early years of the war). In August and September, the Redosians invaded and conquered Columbia, Peru, Ecuador, northern Bolivia, and the lands of Violentian Brazil as far as the city of Alvorada. By the end of the year, all of South America except southern Argentina was in Redosian hands.
The Last of the Final Offensives of the WarEdit
On 24 January 2050, at 2:00 PM, exactly 40 years after the beginning of the war, the Kingdom of Redosia launched a final offensive against the Kingdom of Violetnam, which would end the war. The offensive occurred from several directions. A Redosian army of 2 million invaded the remaining Violentian territories in South America. Another army of 45 million soldiers landed in Violentian Florida, striking as far as North Carolina. A Redosian naval fleet established a blockade along the eastern coast of the Violentian American and Canadian provinces. A Redosian army of 56 million invaded Violentian Central America, while another army of 15 million invaded the Violentian territories in the Caribbean.
The Violentians collapsed under the strain of pressure. On 30 January, a Redosian force captured Mexico City, in the Violentian province of Mexico. On 4 February, a Redosian naval fleet forced the surrender of Violentian Hispaniola and Cuba. On 6 February, the last South American territories of Violetnam were captured. On 18 February, a Redosian force successfully conquered Violentian Panama, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua. Throughout March and April, Redosian forces made major gains in Belize, Guatemala, Jamaica, the Bahamas, Violentian Georgia, and Violentian Alabama. The Redosians destroyed the last Violentian naval fleet at the Battle of the Pamlico Sound. On 3 May, a Redosian force invaded and conquered most of Violentian Canada, including Newfoundland, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Quebec, Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, and Nunavut.
On 6 May, the Redosians routed a Violentian army at the Battle of Watson Lake, and on 8 May, captured the city of Whitehorse, in the Yukon Territory. On 14 May, the Redosians captured Danville, in Violentian Virginia. From 18-24 May, the Battle of the Rio Grande raged in southern Texas. The Redosians achieved victory in this battle, although suffering the loss of 500,000 troops. In June, the Redosians captured most of Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, West Virgina, and Arkansas. Also in June, they achieved victory in the Battle of Regina, conquering the Violentian territories in Saskatchewan and Manitoba. The Redosians also conquered the last Violentian stronghold in Middle America, at the Battle of Managua.
On 4 July, the important Battle of Richmond occurred, in Virginia. This battle would determine the fate of Washington D.C., the capital of Violetnam. The Redosians achieved a smashing victory, losing only 40,000 troops to the Violentian loss of 5 million troops. The Redosians celebrated their victory by burning down Richmond. However, they decided to make gains in the other territories of Violetnam, to insure that Washington D.C. would be the last to fall. On 8 July, the states of Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey, New York, New Hampshire, Maine, Vermont, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and Massachusetts surrendered to the Redosians, fearful of an attack by means of Redosian occupied Quebec and New Brunswick. On 14 July, the Redosians invaded Michigan and Wisconsin, and by 20 July, had captured Milwaukee and Detroit. By 16 September, the Redosians had conquered most of the western American provinces except Missouri and northern Texas.
Destruction of Violetnam, the End of the War, and the Proclamation of the Redosian EmpireEdit
On 18 September, the Redosians launched the final campaign of the war. This would completely terminate the war. A Redosian force of 340,000 invaded Violentian-held Missouri and northern Texas. Another Redosian force invaded Maryland, the last possession of Violetnam in eastern America. They made rapid progress. By 23 September, a Redosian force had reached Dallas, Texas, linking up with the Redosian forces in that region, thus completing the Redosian conquest of Texas. On 25 September, a Redosian force reached the Missourian city of Springfield, and had occupied the rest of the state by 1 October. On 28 September, Redosian army groups captured Annapolis and Baltimore, in Maryland. By 3 October, all of the Violentian territories except Washington DC and Alexandrina, Virginia were in Redosian hands.
On 4 October, the Redosians instigated a blockade and bombardment of Washington DC, the capital of Violetnam and it's last remaining important territory. By 8 October, Redosian forces captured Alexandrina, although only after incurring 30,000 causalities. The Redosians continued their blockade of Washington DC. A Redosian group of 3,000 marines cut off Violentian access to the Potomac River, thus bottling up their extremely minor naval battalion (which only consisted of 3 barely-functioning warships!). On 10 October, the first Redosian units entered the outskirts of Washington DC, seizing control of the outlying highways, although only after a battle which cost 100,000 lives. On 14 October, Redosian units battled for control of the southern portions of the city. By 16 October, a Redosian unit had reached the National Mall. And then finally, on 18 October, Redosian forces seized control of the Capital Building and the Lincoln, Jefferson, and Washington Memorials. They also surrounded the White House, in which the last Queen of Violetnam, Sarah II, and her military and political advisers were holed up.
Finally, on 20 October 2050, the Queen of Violetnam and her advisers surrendered to William II, King of Redosia. The ceremony took place in the National Mall, in which the Queen signed the surrender documents. Shortly after, she was taken into custody. Violetnam was thus destroyed. And so, on 2:00 PM that afternoon, the last Violentian forces (which by then was only a couple hundred), halted military action and surrendered. At that minute, King William II officially proclaimed the end of the Great World War. The war had raged for forty years and caused immense devastation to much of the world. And now it was over with a Redosian victory, with the power which had originally been considered second-least likely to win the war.
With the entire planet under his direct control, William II went further. On 21 October 2050, at the Capital Building in Washington DC, in the presence of hundreds of government officials, military generals and admirals, soldiers, and noblemen (princes, grand dukes, dukes, earls, marquesses) King William II was officially proclaimed Emperor of Redosia, and thus of the world. The Kingdom of Redosia became the Empire of Redosia. The former rulers Sarah II of Violetnam and Natalie I of Bluegaria were brought out and forced to witness this ceremony, as testament to Redosian power. And, shortly after, they were publicly executed by the newly proclaimed Emperor, to demonstrate Redosian power. The ceremony was televised all across the planet.
Aftermath of the WarEdit
The War's Effects on the WorldEdit
Political and Human EffectsEdit
The Great World War (2010-2050), had immense effects on the world and changed it completely. The world was to never be the same again. During the war, more then 3.4 billion people, both soldiers and civilians, died. A further 1.5 billion were severely injured or disabled. 1 out of every 3 people were dead. Much of the original Redosian, Violentian, Bluegarian, and Greenlandian militaries were dead, due to disease, battles, and other problems. At least two generations of children had grown up during the war, and the three, older, pre-war generations were wiped out. All total, 4.4 billion people were causalities of the war, over half of the world's population. Population growth dropped by 80%, and the death rate rose to 40% per 1,000 people worldwide. The population would not begin drastic recovery until the 2080s, and would not fully recover to pre-war levels until the end of the 22nd century.
Whole regions (former countries) of the world were depopulated, including Canada, parts of the United States, Mexico, Columbia, Brazil, the nations of Africa, much of India, and Australia. The continent least affected by the war was Europe, which had only 30,000 civilians dead, although losing much of its military numbers. Most of Russia, Central Asia, and parts of Transcaucasia were also unaffected.
The war also had immense political effects on the world. The War in Afghanistan (2001-2010), which had been fought by the American, and, in January 2010, Violentian governments, ended in the first year of the War. Bluegaria's occupation in Afghanistan was received favorably, and Bin Laden, the al-Qaeda leader, terminated terrorist operations. He became the Bluegarian governor of Afghanistan until his death in 2016. During the war, tension in the region of Israel disappeared as well, with the brutal Bluegarian massacre of the Jewish population. James I and then later, Natalie I, encouraged Arab settlement of the region. After the end of the war, the Redosian Empire kept this policy. Also, various other conflicts, including the Somalian Civil War, the ethnic conflicts in Chechnya and Georgia, and other issues were absorbed into the larger War.
The war also resulted in something that had not happened before in all of recorded human history: the establishment of a world government. The Redosian Empire, established just a day after the end of the war, fulfilled this role. It controlled the entire planet. And the Redosian Empire has proven itself as a effective, although at times, forceful, political entity and government. William II the Great, whose reign will be described in detail later, brought prosperity to the planet in the post-war period.
Physical and Economic EffectsEdit
The war brought immense physical effects to the world. Great physical devastation occurred in South America, Africa, the Middle East, and India. Millions of square miles of land in these regions were completely devastated. In South America, over 95% of the Amazon Rain Forest was destroyed in the early years of the war, and a further 3% during the Redosian invasions in 2049 and 2050. 70% of the Amazon river was also drained in the early years of the war, and was eventually completely covered over by Violetnam in the 2040s. Macchu Piccu and other ancient treasures were completely demolished. Out of a population of 375 million, 210 million were dead.
In Africa, great amounts of farmland was devastated, and over 80% of the African forests were destroyed. The Sahara Desert advanced all the way to the northern Congo during the late 2040s. Most of the ancient Egyptian pyramids, except the Great Pyramid of Giza, were also considerably damaged in 2024 and 2025 by the Bluegarian army, and completely collapsed in 2045. Out of a population of 915 million, 500 million were dead. In India, most of the fertile farmland was completely devastated and de-fertilized. Numerous Indian cities, including Calcutta, Bombay, Delhi, New Delhi, and Madras suffered immense physical destruction. Many ancient treasures and structures were demolished or severely damaged. All total, India lost 600 million people.
And finally, in the Middle East, immense devastation had come to that region. The cities of Jerusalem, Amman, Damascus, Baghdad, Tehran, and Riyadh suffered immense devastation. Much of the Fertile Crescent region had been devastated, causing the desert to creep into that area, and eventually completely covered it by 2070. Most of the operating oil plants were destroyed by the Greenlandians during their retreat in the early 2010s. The Middle East lost 180 million people, out of a total population of 230 million.
Numerous regions around the world were littered with human remains, of both soldiers and civilians, because of the extensive battles and offensives of the war. By 2089, all human remains on battlefields and in ruins of cities, towns, and villages had been cleared, although relics of the physical destruction remained as late as the 2140s.
The war also brought immense economic devastation to the planet. The economies of South America, Africa, the Middle East, India, and Australia were completely ruined, while the economies of Canada, the United States, and China suffered severe damage. As a result, economic growth dropped by 60%, and the GWP dropped from $65 trillion to $18 trillion. The economic damage caused a world-wide depression, which lasted until 2064. Economic growth began that year, and by 2080, the world had recovered to bear a GWP of $60 trillion. Extraordinary economic growth and prosperity would dominate the 2080s.
Reign of William II the Great of RedosiaEdit
Reign as KingEdit
William II the Great of Redosia reigned first as King of Redosia (2013-2050), and then as Emperor of Redosia (2050-2073). Thus his total reign is from 2013-2073, and is divided into the aforementioned periods. All total, he reigned 60 years, 37 years as King, and 23 years as Emperor.
William II's reign as king was taken up by the Great World War, and as such, his policies during that era were devoted to successfully fighting the war, maintaining a wartime economy, and keeping the morale of the people together. The king successfully carried this out. During the war, William II was responsible for much of the military planning and strategy of the Redosian armed forces, providing suggestions and directives to his generals. The king also was a great public speaker, rallying the people to fight and sustaining morale. He was also a great problem-solver in the face of challenges. These skills allowed him to become the Emperor of Redosia in 2050.
William II was instrumental in deciding several major policies of the war. The king implemented successful anti-terrorist measures during the Bluegarian terrorist operations of December 2045-December 2047. As a result, Redosian civilian causalities because of this was extremely low. William II also was responsible for drafting Redosia's first Royal Charter of Government, in 2020, outlining the absolute power and duties of the king, as well the duties of the Royal Councilors, the military, and government administration. William II also outlined the top-secret Royal War Goals Directive (issued in 2038), which guidelined Redosia's goals in the war, which included invading and overrunning Violetnam after destroying Bluegaria.
William II lead the final offensives against Violetnam, and personally commanded the Redosian forces at the Battles of Bombay and Washington DC, achieving great victory in both. This cemented his reputation as a great military commander as well. On 21 October 2050, at the end of the war, William II was officially proclaimed Emperor of Redosia, and shortly after, the Emperor himself executed the former rulers Sarah II of Violetnam and Natalie I of Bluegaria to demonstrate his new found power and glory.
In the post-war years, during his reign as Emperor, William II was a relatively benevolent ruler, except in some cases. The Emperor permitted limited public assemblies and meetings, as long as they were orderly and well-organized. He also welcomed any "proper" advice by any civilian or newspaper reporter. However, William II did not tolerate criticism, and would go to great lengths to insure this did not happen. In 2054, the American Revolt broke out in the Redosian province of America, instigated by some traditionalists who were bent on restoring the United States. William II crushed the rebellion ruthlessly. The Emperor himself personally executed some of the rebels. Censorship on the press, limitations on privacy rights, and restrictions on public assemblies were imposed in that region, that were not lifted until 2072, a year before his death.
The Emperor believed in absolute monarchy, and as such, despised constitutions, democracy, and the parliamentary system. In 2056, a group of French philosophers proposed that the Emperor introduce a constitution. William II refused, and responded by cracking down on the group and restricting their rights. In 2067, however, the Emperor did issue the Imperial Charter of the Redosian Empire, which detailed his absolute powers and authority, as well describing the government administration, the division of the Empire, and the military. Under William II, the Empire had the following provinces: Canada, United America, Central America, South America, Europe, Russia, Central Asia, the Middle East, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Africa, and Oceania (including Australia). Each province was administered by a Imperial Governor, appointed and dismissed by the Emperor at will. In 2084, during the reign of Peter I, Antarctica was made a province.
Emperor William II, after the Great World War, focused on restoring the strength of the economy. In the first fourteen years of his Imperial reign (2050-2064), the Second Great Depression impacted the world. Economic growth had declined by 60%, and nearly 90% of the world's remaining adult population was unemployed. The Stock Market had only about 48.9 points in 2051, a steep decline from a high of 12,000 in 2010 on the eve of the War. William II was determined to end this depression.
In December 2050, the Emperor issued a Imperial Directive, which outlined his goals of ending the depression and bringing economic prosperity to the planet. Shortly after, he embarked on his goals. The Emperor issued a Army Order on 5 January 2051, which honorably decommissioned over 30 million Redosian troops, providing them with pensions, a job, and free housing. This helped increase the size of the labor force. On 18 January 2051, William II issued the Imperial Decree on Economic Restoration and Development, a landmark piece of legislation. The Decree allotted $545 trillion for the economic restoration of Africa, Asia, Australia, and the Americas. Mines and factories were established, unemployment programs introduced, education and welfare encouraged, and the construction of infrastructure implemented. The last amounts of money allotted by the Decree were spent in 2087.
The Emperor also focused on the restoration of the finances of the world. In 2052, he issued a Imperial Directive, which outlined his goals of reorganizing the Imperial Treasury and the system of finances and taxation. In 2054, the Emperor lowered the income tax by 20%, and in 2056, lowered property and retail taxes by 40%. By a Imperial Decree on 8 June 2057, the Imperial Taxation and Finances System was established, to collect taxes, crack down on any tax frauds, to organize the Imperial budget, and to distribute government funds amongst the different divisions of the administration. The System would be overseen by the Imperial Minister of Finances, appointed and dismissed by the Emperor at will. The Imperial Taxation and Finances System greatly improved tax administration and collection, tripling the revenues of the state, and by 2067, the Redosian Empire had a massive trade surplus.
Due to his economic policies, the Second Great Depression officially ended in June 2064, and a period of economic recovery and massive growth began. That year, unemployment drastically declined from 90% to 31%. Starting in 2066, economic development accelerated in India, the Middle East, Africa, and South America. Emperor William II provided direct support to this revival, implementing successful policies concerning the Stock Market, financial investment, and infrastructure. By 2067, the GWP had recovered to $38 trillion, with unemployment at 24%, and by the end of his reign, in 2073 was at $48 trillion, with 18% unemployed. By 2080, the GWP was at $60 trillion, and unemployment at 10.5%. The 2080s was a decade of great prosperity and economic strength, with the GWP reaching a astounding $85 trillion by 2082, and then tripling to $144 trillion by 2085. Unemployment was at 2.85% by 2086, and economic growth was 45% each year. By 2089, the economy reached a GWP of $176 trillion. The economic prosperity between 2080-2112 is known as the Great Prosperity Period. The GWP reached a astounding $390 trillion by January 4, 2096.
The Emperor also instigated various policies in social welfare, health care, and education. His initiatives revolutionized these systems in much of the empire. William II mostly focused on South America, Africa, and India. Into these regions the emperor introduced their first poor and unemployed financial programs in 2056. In 2058 the emperor introduced foodstamps into these regions, and in 2062, implemented a material assistance program. In 2064, William II issued an Imperial Proclamation, which provided health services for children, the elderly, and the poor in most of India and parts of Africa. By the time of his death, in 2073, the Emperor had implemented universal health care for 40% of the population of Africa and India. He also supported education, opening more then 300 schools in India and South America in 2060 alone. The Emperor provided for the use of free lunches, free textbooks, and free school supplies. In 2064, he introduced a public schooling food drive program.
William II had many other great achievements. The Emperor began construction on a new capital city, for the entire Redosian Empire, in Europe. This construction began in 2056. The city would have a grid plan, with a Imperial Palace, Imperial Court House, and Imperial Administrative Office. There would be numerous memorials and monuments, concerning the world, the Empire, and the people who died in the Great World War. It would also have a economic section and a cultural section, with museums and academic institutions. Construction was finished in 2065, and the new city was named Saint Williamsberg. The Imperial Government moved to Saint Williamsberg in 2066, followed by William II himself in 2068. By the end of his reign, the city already had a population of 1.5 million people.
Great achievements in medicine were also made throughout his reign, as both King and Emperor. In 2030, Redosian scientists discovered the cure to lung cancer, and in 2034, a cure for brain tumor and prostate cancer. In 2045, cures for leukemia, breast cancer, diabetes, and heart disease were discovered. In 2050, a major break-through occurred: a cure for AIDS was developed. By 2085, after William II's death, these diseases (lung cancer, brain tumor, prostate cancer, leukemia, breast cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and AIDS) had been virtually eradicated, thanks to the efficient vaccines developed for them. Vaccines for hundreds of other diseases and conditions were also discovered. William II had provided generous financial and official support for research into curing these diseases, and as such, some of the credit can be given to him.
Great achievements in science were also made during his reign. During the Great World War, all explorations and operations into outer space terminated. However, after the war was over, in December 2050, the Emperor issued a Imperial Proclamation which formally established the Imperial Space Administration (ISA), which replaced NASA, which the Kingdom of Violetnam had continued to maintain throughout the war. Promptly, exploration into space recommenced. In 2052, the first Earth-Saturn probe was launched. In 2056, a exploration mission was dispatched to Neptune. And in 2058, the first colony on the Moon was established. During the 2070s, space exploration experienced a major boom. In 2072, a year before Emperor William II's death, the first Redosian mission to Mars was dispatched. In 2074, a colonization mission was dispatched to Mars. In 2076, the Neptune I probe was launched, which exited the solar system and visited hundreds of nearby systems. In 2078, the first colonies outside of the Solar System, on Proxima Centauri and Alpha Centauri, were established.
William II's health began to decline in the mid-2060s. The Redosian Emperor was overworking himself, and, his age was beginning to take effect. William suffered three minor heart attacks: in December 2068, June 2070, and January 2071. This would be a foreshadow to how his end would turn out. In March 2071, doctors peformed surgery on the ailing Emperor, installing a heart-pacer near his heart, hopefully to monitor the heart and control it safely. However, this was not enough. On the evening of 23 January 2073, William suffered a heart attack while in the bathroom. He was found unconcious on the floor by a servant, who was also his close friend. Doctors tried to save William's life, but it was too late. He died at 3:00 PM, 24 January 2073, exactly 60 years after ascending to the throne. William II the Great was mourned, buried at Saint Catherine's Cathederal, and succeeded by his grandson Peter, who became Peter I, Emperor of Redosia.
The second part describing the Redosian Empire's expansion into space will be coming soon in The Redosian Empire: Thriving in Space.