This is Part III of the General History of Laurasia, covering from the beginning of the Dasian Yoke to the establishment of the Crimeanian Khanate.
History of Laurasia, Part IIIEdit
Dasian Yoke (840-1080)Edit
Dasian Empire (840-94)Edit
After successfully besieging and capturing Laurasia Prime, Batya and his hordes then swiftly moved down from the Core Worlds along the Denveranian Trunk Line to the Galician Kingdom, swiftly pummeling through the Galician territories and defeating the Galician King Danylo in the Battles of Galich Majoria (9 May 840) and Volodormia (7 June 840), forcing the Galicians into Dasian overlordship and carrying off hordes of prisoners. Batya then again suspended campaigns for the remainder of the year, determined on reorganizing his forces and preparing for a Dasian push into the untouched worlds and kingdoms of the Outer Core, Industrialized Borderlands, and Inner Territories galactic-west of the Denveranian Trunk Line. In order to complement his force, the Dasian General impressed the armies of recently defeated worlds, including Laurasia, into his forces, giving him extra manpower and military equipment. He also received Dasian and Vickian reinforcements from the Great Khan, who was exuberant over his successful campaigns and conquests. Batya and his hordes then pushed forward from Galicia (5 January 841), penetrating across and attacking the powerful Polonian Commonwealth, a major state to the west of the vanquished Oglamerians. Dasian forces first sacked Lublin (7 January 841) and then besieged and captured the major Polonian agricultural world of Samoutiz (19-25 February 841). After this, Batya divided his hordes into three groups. One under the command of Orda pushed through the central territories of the Commonwealth, devastating numerous star systems and gaining a major victory in the Battle of Wolbroz (6 March 841). Another under the command of Baidar and Kadan invaded the Denveranian-Murphian Bend, devastating the Polonian worlds of Kaida, Dragulli, and Wronzaz. The third under the command of Batya himself stormed Polonia Minor (19 March 841) and raided as far as Masar, inflicting severe causalities upon the Polonians. Thereafter, Baidar and Kadan crushed a Polonian force under the command of the magnate Volvordiz at the Battle of Tursk (25 March 841), capturing the Magnate himself, who was executed in ritual fashion. This was followed by a further victory at Chemeri (27 March 841), which saw the Dasians extending their reach to the conquests of Chromaqan along the western Kimanian Trade Run. Panic seized the Polonians, and a major humiliation occurred when Krasow, a major Polonian world, was sacked by the Dasians (1 April 841), which resulted in the enslavement of 300 million Polonians.
In order to halt the Dasian threat, the Polonian King, Hensius (r. 838-41), gathered together a massive force, comprised of Polonian, Barsarian, Donguarian, and escaped Core units, and intended to link up with a expeditionary force lead by King Oro of the Merlites, in the Wild Marshes. Batya learned of the King's plans and quickly flung his forces at the Polonians, intent on destroying Hensius and his fleet before they managed to unite with Oro. In the Battle of Legnica (9 April 841), Hensius and his force were handed a crushing defeat by the Dasians. The Polonian force, although it had parity in numbers with the Dasians, was ruthlessly suppressed. Hensius himself died when his flagship was destroyed by Dasian starfighters. Thereafter, the whole rest of the Polonian Commonwealth, including Polonia itself, laid bare to the Dasians, but Batya now decided to attack in the south-west, against the Donguarian Stellar Empire, which had sent a task force to assist Hensius in his ill-fated charge against the Dasian hordes. The Donguarian Emperor, Bela (r. 835-70), began mustering his forces. The Donguarian force comprised of nearly 250,000 starships and a billion warriors, as strong as the Dasian forces that pummeled through the Polonian dominions. Bela also received considerable detachments from the Hypasians, the Rasdallans, and the Rhedites, who feared the Dasians would extend their grip into the Galactic Borderlands. Dasian forces then swarmed into the Donguarian dominions, swiftly moving from the stronghold of Murni on the Murphian Trade Spine into the western Inner Territories. Bela and his forces confronted the Dasians at Mohi (12 April 841). Although the Donguarians had a strong hold at the beginning of the battle, the Dasians quickly brought their superior mobility and organization to bear, and Bela's starfighter squadrons were quickly surrounded and neutralized. Bela and his mainline forces were then cut off by Dasian and Daso-Xilanian units, and the Donguarians were ruthlessly crushed. Nearly half of the Donguarian force was decimated by the Dasians, while all the Rasdallan and Rhedite units were enslaved and the other Donguarian units scattered or slaughtered. Thereafter, the whole south-west of the Galaxy was open to the Dasians, as the Dasians quickly conquered the Donguarian strongholds of Croac (16 April 841), Donguaria Prima (25 April 841), Cossack (1 May 841), Borilla (17 May 841), and Bordina (25 May 841), alongside countless others. Dasian forces swiftly subdued the vast region between the Murphian Trade Spine and the Wild Marshes, while Bela IV and his remaining units constantly had to move about, on the run from Batya. Batya and his hordes penetrated as far as Hemkura, exchanging skirmishes with frontier Nagai and Rhedite forces at the edge of the Outer Borderlands. In the meantime, they plundered countless star systems and enslaved billions of sentient beings.
Batya and his hordes were now preparing to hurl themselves into the Galactic Borderlands and the Barsar Regions west of the Murphian Trade Spine, intent on bringing the entire civilized Galaxy under Dasian dominion. This was not to be however. On 11 December 841, the Great Khan Ogedei died suddenly on Karakorum, whom he had established as the Dasian throne world in 839. The news of Ogedei's death was immediately dispatched to Dasian commanders in the Outer Borderlands, Galactic Borderlands, and Core Worlds, including Batya and his associates. According to the hereditary law of the Dasian Empire, all military campaigns were to be suspended while a successor Great Khan was being elected. Batya immediately called off any further campaigns, but forced Bela to sign the Treaty of Cromes (12 December 841), by which he was compelled into vassalage and was obliged to provide immense tribute to his Dasian masters. He was also stripped of much of his military, while the Dasians annexed Donguarian territories at the Murphian Trade Spine. After this, Batya withdrew his forces back across the Trade Spine into Dasian dominions. Afterwards, the widow of Ogedei, Toregene, assumed the position of regent, governing the Empire until a new Great Khan was chosen. Toregene maintained stability in the empire, liberating slaves captured in Dasian campaigns throughout the Core, while imposing herself over the nobility and lining up support for her son, Guyuk. Batya, who desired the Great Khanship himself, as a reward for his successful campaigns in the Core and the western Galaxy, opposed the Regent and her son, attempting to bribe other Dasian notables into selecting him as Great Khan. These efforts included his claim that he would be unable to attend the council, who would formally appoint a new Great Khan. Batya instead established a headquarters at Saray, and established himself as one of the subordinate Dasian Khans, a institution originally established by Genghis Khan in 826. Qera Helugu, the son of Caroltgai (who also died in 841), established himself as Khan of the Carylone Khanate, while Baju established himself as commander of Dasian forces in the southern Outer Borderlands and Middle Territories, succeeding Chromaqan (who also died in 841).
Batya's delay in attending the elective council imperiled the empire for nearly four years, during which time Toregene continued to govern as regent. Although she was an effective and forceful ruler, Toregene was also dictatorial, and she installed many of her supporters in major positions of authority, alienating the Dasian nobility. Eventually, Batya, who himself was suffering exactions by the hands of the Regent, sent his representatives to the Great Council, and Guyuk was formally elected Great Khan of the Dasian Empire on 20 August 846. Four days later, he was formally enthroned by the Dasian notables and the Regent, a ceremony which was attended by dignitaries of the Donguarians, Galicians, Venasians, Torfians, Hypasians, Rhedites, and others, alongside the mass of Dasian generals, officials, and district beys. After being elected Great Khan, Guyuk restored his fathers' officials to their positions, deposing the supporters of Toregene. He also forced Qera Helugu to abdicate as khan of the Carylone Khanate, installing his cousin Yesu Mongke as ruler. Thereafter, Guyuk resumed the Dasians' active adventures. He intervened into a succession dispute in the kingdom of Samantha, which had experienced Dasian raids during the last year of Ogedei's reign. Installing a pro-Dasian candidate, Rilam, as the new Samanthan King (19 September 846), Guyuk secured Dasian domination over the sect of the Barsar Regions to the east of the Denveranian Trunk Line. Then in January 847, the Messalite ruler Borman acknowledged Dasian supremacy voluntarily, and as a result was allowed to retain autonomous independence. The Great Khan thereafter ordered the first imperial census (5 March 847), by which all of the empire's subjects were assessed for property value. Noblemen in the Core Worlds, including Laurasian magnates, were forced to pay head and property taxes to the Dasian authorities, while one out of every ten Laurasian males were conscripted into the Dasian army. Thereafter, the Great Khan dispatched an expedition under the command of Amuqan into the Muggal Cluster (3 July 847), demanding that the Torfian ruler Chou Humasi move his capital from Imegina to Karlong, placing the Torfians more firmly under Dasian oversight. Chou Humasi refused, and Amuqan responded by harassing the Torfian Cluster and carrying off further loads of slaves, although his attempt to besiege Imegina failed. This continued for the remainder of Guyuk's reign.
Thereafter, Guyuk became enraged with Batya, remembering on how his cousin had tried to deflect his election for so long. On 9 February 848, Guyuk sent a communique to Batya, commanding the Khan to appear before him at Karakorum, in order to "renew his allegiance personally". Batya, who was warned by his advisers of Guyuks' intentions, slowly moved northwards, bringing with him a vast force, comprised of his veteran units and impressed Laurasian, Briannian, Gordasian, Elizabethan, and Venasian formations. Guyuk himself moved south, with a vast force comprised of Dasians, Xilanians, Barsarians, Huntites, Roastafarians, impressed Torfians, and Rokai. Before a confrontation could take place however, the Great Khan suddenly fell ill and died (27 March 848), after a reign of barely two years. With his death, Batya returned to his dominions, although the election of another Great Khan had to soon take place. Guyuk's widow, Oghul, assumed control as Regent, in the tradition of her mother-in law Toregene (who had died on 3 September 847). Oghul was not as formidable or effective as Toregene however, and soon, her own son Khoja, alongside other princes challenged her authority. Batya himself attempted to step in as the mediator of succession, proclaiming that he would be responsible for organizing a new Great Council (19 May 848). For the next two years, Oghul contended with her son for the regency, while Batya drafted his plans for such a council. On 5 July 850, his Great Council met at Saray, but the Ogedeid and Carylone families refused to attend the Council, as it was far from Karakorum. Oghul declared the Council illegal and refused to allow Batya to proceed further. Batya ignored her orders, and the Council at first offered him the Great Khanship. He refused however, instead nominating his general and cousin, Mongke, another grandson of Genghis Khan, as Great Khan. The pro-Tolui faction on the Council accepted this choice (9 July 850), although the election was dubious, as the council was not a legal body in the minds of the Great Dasian regency. Batya thereafter dispatched Mongke and a considerable naval/army force north, in order to bring together a more formal Council. Mongke demanded that Oghul attend a new Great Council, but she refused, attempting to retain the Regency. Mongke's mother, Sorghahtani, and his cousin Berke thereafter organized a second Great Council on their own initiative (1 July 851). The Ogedeid and Carylone families still refused to attend, but the Ill-Khanid, Great Dasian, and Golden representatives, alongside foreign dignitaries, attended the Council, and Mongke was unanimously elected Great Khan. Thus, power transfered from the descendants of Ogedei to the descendants of Tolui.
Mongke thereafter asserted his authority, ordering the executions of Oghul, her supporters, and many of the Carylone and Ogedeid princes, consolidating the entire Dasian Empire under his rule. After this, the Great Khan reaffirmed religious toleration, issuing decrees that supported Almitism, Mysticism, Womanism, and other religions of territories conquered by Batya and his hordes. Batya himself loyally supported Mongke, helping him to maintain the empire's authority in the Core Regions. Mongke also launched major construction projects on Karakorum, transforming it into one of the most populous and prosperous worlds in the Caladarian Galaxy. He also issued major reforms, intent on strengthening the empire's government and reducing brutality directed at conquered peoples. Mongke liberated all remaining Dasian slaves, limited government spending, and forbade the nobility or the military from abusing civilians or issuing decrees without the Great Khan's authorization. He turned the contribution and head tax system into one based on poll taxes and land allocations, one collected by imperial agents and tax collectors and provided to garrisons in need. He also reduced tax rates on commoners and ended the enslavement requirement for debtors. Mongke also passed anti-piracy measures and centralized control of monetary affairs. Besides this, the Great Khan commissioned an imperial census in 851, ordering enumeration and allocation counts. Because of the empire's vast scope and size, the enumeration was not finished until 858.
Mongke thereafter launched major military campaigns in the Outer Borderlands, Galactic Borderlands, and Inner Territories, intent on continuing the expansion of the Dasian Empire. In order to strengthen his oversight in the regions of the empire, the Great Khan first assigned his brothers Hulagu and Kublai to rule the Illkhanid dominions and the Great Dasian territories respectively. He thereafter dispatched a force under the command of Kublai against the Dali Kingdom, a major state in the northern Inner Territories, while dispatching another force under Iyeku against the Torfian Cluster. Kublai defeated and destroyed the Dali Kingdom (2 September 853), consolidating control over the Vendor Run. Iyeku in the meantime, penetrated into the Torfian Cluster, demanding that Chou Humasi move his capital to Karlong. The Torfian King, predictably, refused, and Iyeku responded by conducting a harassing campaign in the cluster, plundering many star systems and launching devastating raids at Imegina. Finally, by the Treaty of Ayeoung (5 January 854), Chou Humasi agreed to move his capital to Karlong, to limit the size of his military forces, and to allow Dasian occupation of the outer Cluster regions. Beyond this victory, the Dasian General Ooridai crushed Xilanian uprisings and asserted Dasian suzerainty over the Monks of Izzia, forcing them to submit to Dasian taxes and overlordship. Ooridai also campaigned around the Torfian Cluster, destroying the Diet Pirates and forcing the Lavellans into temporary Dasian overlordship (9 August 858). In the meantime, the Great Khan had authorized Dasian campaigns to the west of the Denveranian Trunk Line. Hulagu and Kitbuga defeated and destroyed the Samanthan kingdom (9 October 853), cleared out Huttile holdouts and criminal redoubts in the southern Outer Borderlands (854-55), and launched ravaging expeditions along the Trunk Line. Thereafter, the Dasians demanded that the Dealey Caliphate, a major state in the western Barsar Regions, submit to the Dasian Yoke, but the Dealey Caliph, Al-Mustasim, refused to submit. Hulagu and Kitbuga thereafter mustered a powerful force, and crossing the Trunk Line (2 January 858), quickly pushed into Caliphate territory. Dasian forces commenced a siege of Beverly Hereidu, the Caliphate capital world (29 January 858). Despite the resistance of a major Deadley, Rhedite, Rasdallan, Homi, and Nagai force, along with detachments from minor powers of the Barsar Regions, Beverly Hereidu fell on 10 February. The Dasians devastated the world, carrying off nearly 17 billion prisoners and destroying the planet's cities. Beverly Hereidu would not recover from the sack for five centuries.
After the destruction of the Dealey Caliphate, Hulagu thus had a direct route towards the states of the western Denveranian Trunk Line and the Murphian Trade Spine, intent on finishing the conquests and attacks of Batya in the region. His force advanced into the territory of the Leian Consortium, devastating the worlds of Organza and Solis along the way. The Leian Great Queen, Shalia, refused to submit to the Dasians, and began preparing her forces for a military confrontation. Nevertheless, the Armenians of Cresit, the Sejucians of Rummlist, and the realms of Nicole and Redia submitted to the Dasian Yoke, acknowledging the Great Khan as their overlord and providing the Dasians units in their campaigns against the Leians. While numerous worlds of the Durest Star Cluster submitted peacefully, others resisted the Dasians: the world of Mummagquim, in particular, was so throughly devastated by the Dasians (19 November 858), that it would never be occupied again. In the meantime, on Saray, Batya had died on 9 July 855, and was succeeded by his younger brother Berke. Acting on both the Great Khan's military commands and his own initiative, Berke launched a major expedition against Donguaria and Alison (857-58), ravaging the worlds of Chrom and Mackwenzie, carrying off nearly 20 billion captives and disrupting the Katie Trade Lane.
Great Khan Mongke himself, in the meantime, had drafted plans for major campaigns in the Wild Marshes and Galactic Borderlands with his advisers, intent on spreading Dasian dominion to the Galactic Barrier, conquering the Kalbachans, Lavellans, Homi, Rasdallans, Nagai, Tofs, Rhedites, and Hypsians; outflanking and isolating the remnant Torfians; and then using Galactic Borderlands footholds to crunch the Lesian Consortium, Donguaria, and other states west of the Murphian Trade Spine. For this purpose, the Great Khan had spent 859 mustering a vast and powerful force, comprised of Dasian, Xilanian, Torfian, Rokai, Nandi, Calrissian, Barsarian, Huntite, Vickian, Shendonan, Laurasian, Venasian, Galician, Polonian, Donguarian, Kimanian, Sheldonian, Oglamerian, Athenian, Briannian, and numerous other subjugated units or formations. This fleet amounted to nearly two million starships and countless numbers of soldiers, Dasian warriors, and marauders. The Great Khan's hordes then hurled into the Galactic Borderlands (1 August 859), brushing aside major resistance and achieving a smashing victory over a combined Kalbachan-Tof force at the Battle of Illumis (8 August 859). The Dasians then ravaged the Muggal Cluster, battled the Tofs and Kalbachans, and ranged as far as the Galactic Barrier. Mongke however, suddenly died (11 August 859). The Dasian generals, acting by the hereditary laws, immediately called off all military campaigns everywhere in the Galaxy, and withdrew their forces from the western Barsar Regions and the Galactic Borderlands. Hulagu himself, however, left a small Dasian-Kimanian contingent under the command of the general Kitbuga in Lesian territory, charging him with securing the Dasian gains there. This allowed the Lesians to regroup, while the Armenians and Redians threw off their conditions with the Dasians, joining forces with the Leians, who had long been their enemies. A Lesian expedition was organized in June 860, which immediately advanced eastwards. At first, Kitbuga managed to obtain some victories, penetrating as far as Lesia itself (1 September 860). Then on 3 September 860, the Dasian contingent was surprised and trapped by the superior Lesian force at Ain Jalut, less then 100 light years from Beverly Hereidu. Despite Kitquba's attempts to break free, the Lesians swept forth, and the Dasians were handed a crushing defeat. Kitquba himself was captured, tortured, and executed by the enemy commanders. This halted their advance in the southern Outer Borderlands, proving the first major defeat for the Dasian Empire, and the Dasians would never again be able to advance west of the Denveranian Trunk Line.
In the northern part of the Dasian Empire, Kublai, Hulagu and Mongke's brother who had been assigned responsibilities in the Great Dasian dominions, learned of the Great Khan's death at Semurey, while he was engaged in crushing a Whoopite revolt on the world. Kublai however, continued his actions against the revolt. Taking advantage of the absence of Kublai and Hulagu, Ariqboke, their younger brother, used his position on Karakorum to have himself proclaimed Great Khan by a council of notables and generals (19 March 860). Kublai disputed this, and instead summoned his own great council at Kaping, where the aristocrats, generals, and officials who gathered there acknowledged him as Great Khan (3 April 860). Soon, a major civil war erupted between the forces of Ariqboke and Kublai, in contention for the Great Khanship. Kublai's force swiftly advanced through Rokai territory, capturing Homdinia and the Dasian military base at Calms. Kublai thereafter sent Abshika, a Carylone prince loyal to him, to the Carylone Khanate, in order to secure that sub-Khanate for his rule. Ariqboke however, intercepted and captured Abshika (25 June 860), executing him and installing his own subordinate Alghu as the Carylone Khan. Kublai thereafter blockaded Karakorum, attempting to gain control of the Dasian capital, but Ariqboke rallied and won a major victory (17 February 861).
In the Illkhanid Khanate, Hulagu was loyal to his younger brother Kublai, believing he was the natural successor to Mongke. Berke however, in the Golden Horde (as the central Core province was now known), supported Ariqboke. A major military confrontation between the two Dasian Khans commenced in 862. Berke was angered by the suspicious deaths of Jochid princes in the service of Hulagu, as well as Hulagu's massacres of Oglamerians, Roastafarians, and Cyrians under his rule. He thereafter considered sponsoring a rebellion of the Eutagans and Acamarians against Hulagu. Berke also forged an alliance with the Lesians against Hulagu, besides sending considerable financial aid to Ariqboke in his struggle against Kublai. As part of this, Kublai dispatched a military force under the command of Abaqa to attack the Golden Horde (19 July 862). This force penetrated as far as the Rebeccan Galactic Trade Route before being crushed by Burke in the Battle of Hidoku (3 September 862). Berke thereafter retaliated by sending his nephew Nogai against the Illkhanid Khanate. Nogai was crushed by Hulagu in the Battle of Nemo (1 January 863), along the Kimanian Trade Run, ending his invasion attempt. The struggle continued indecisively for another year. Hulagu then died (8 February 864). Berke, seeking to take advantage of this, gathered a major invasion force and hurled himself into the Middle Territories, but before he was able to confront Illkhanid forces in battle, died (17 May 864). Then on 21 August 864, Ariqboke had finally surrendered to Kublai, after suffering a humiliating defeat at Tsoss Station (9 August 864). He was then imprisoned by his brother in the Fortress of Quom, dying there (9 July 866). Kublai also, after the deaths of Berke and Hulagu, forced the Golden Horde and Illkhanid Khanate to acknowledge his supremacy. Kublai appointed Batya's grandson, Mongke Temur, as the new Khan of the Golden Horde, while giving the Illkhanid Khanate to Abaqa. After this, Kublai (now acknowledged as Great Khan by all the Dasians), dispatched Barag to the Carylone Khanate, charging him with deposing Oirat Orghana and Mubarak Shah, which he eventually did (3 September 866). Baraq thereafter, however, declared himself independent of the Great Khan's suzerainty, and deposed the Great Khan's representatives on Hunt Major. Kublai thereafter ordered his general Kaidu to engage Baraq. Baraq and Kaidu engaged in a great struggle for the next four years, with Baraq provoking Mongke Temur and Abaqa by raiding into their dominions. The Golden and Illkhanid Khans eventually grew tired of his irritations, and united in alliance with Kaidu (5 January 869). Eventually, Baraq was defeated and killed in the Battle of Baris (16 May 869), resulting in Kaidu becoming the Carylone Khan.
After finally consolidating his power within the Dasian Empire, Kublai renewed the Dasian Empire's military adventures, intent on further extending the Dasian presence in the Caladarian Galaxy and resuming the intended expeditions of Mongke. In 870, he intervened into the affairs of the Torfian Cluster, finally installing a ruler friendly to the Dasians, Wonjong (r. 870-74). Wonjong agreed to submit to Dasian overlordship, married his daughters into the Dasian royal family, and provided a ample military detachment for use by the Great Khan. Thereafter, Kublai forced the Golden Horde and the Illkhanid Khanate into submitting to a truce (8 April 870), in order to free up resources for his use in military campaigns. Kublai thereafter conducted a war against the Satians of the Wild Marshes, defeating a Satian force in the Battle of Pimjang (19 June 871) and conducting a siege of Norah, the Satian capital world (872-73). Norah finally fell to the Dasians on 29 June 873, and was sacked, with more then 25 billion captives being carried off by the Dasian hordes. Thereafter, Kublai's advisers asked him to authorize a campaign against the Tofs in the Galactic Borderlands, and Kublai appointed his protege Bayan as the potential supreme commander of such a campaign. In August 873, the Great Khan commanded Mongke Temur of the Golden Horde to conduct a enumeration in the Core Worlds, in order to muster men, starships, and military equipment for the Empire's campaigns. Mongke Temur did so, and nearly 100 million Laurasians were impressed into the Dasian forces. Every major Core World contributed at least 50 million men to the roll call. This was accompanied by a general census in 873-74, which counted the populations of all major worlds in the Golden Horde. Mongke Temur also endeavored to resume Dasian expeditions in the Core Regions. In 871, a Dasian expedition under the command of Kandurai had assaulted the Angelican Collective in the western Core Worlds, devastating the worlds of Corfu and Prima, withdrawing only when the Angelican Great Queen Kemura agreed to acknowledge the Great Khan as her suzerain. Kemura neglected to pay tribute in full, and the Dasians punished her by a further expedition in 875, which lead to devastating raids on Angelica and the capture of 10 billion Angelicans. A further expedition against Angelica in 880 lead to the destruction of the Angelican Palace of the Immortalized Ones. Mongke Temur followed this up with an exaction expedition hurled at Kelvania, in the Wild Marshes, in 875-77, who were now beginning to arise as a irritation to the Golden Horde. The expedition was successful, as Kelvanian forces were crushed at Kinjur (9 January 876) and the Dasians exacted a great tribute.
Kublai himself meanwhile, had proceeded with his plans for campaigns in the Galactic Borderlands, and had military operations prepared against the Tofs, Kalbachans, Rasdallans, Lavellans, Almasians, and Rhedites. Kublai had dispatched a emissary to the court of the Tof Chief, Amog, in 873, claiming suzerainty over him and demanding his submission to the Dasian Yoke. Amog had refused, and in a gross insult to the Dasians, ordered the execution of the emissaries (6 December 873). This inflamed the anger of the Great Khan, and on 3 June 874, a massive force comprised of Dasian, Torfian, and Satian units was hurled into Tof dominions, bypassing Illumis and pushing from the Torfian Cluster. They ravaged the star systems of Toloumina and Kabul, carrying off millions of Tofs as slaves and causing severe damage to Tof military positions in the region. Finally, on 2 November 874, a Tof armada under the command of Amog himself ambushed the superior Dasian force, using their knowledge of the Tof Borderlands region to gain a major advantage over the Dasian generals. The Tofs destroyed the Dasian battleship squadrons and scattered the army transports, gaining a major victory in the Battle of Hikluma. The Dasian hordes, scattered and confused, were forced to retreat back to the Muggal Cluster and Dasian dominions in the Wild Marshes. Kublai was humiliated by the defeat, and did not launch another expedition against the Tofs for seven years. In the meantime however, he was gathering an even larger force, comprised of units and squadrons from throughout the Dasian-controlled Galaxy, in order to launch another expedition. Eventually, on 19 May 881, the Great Khan dispatched two separate hordes: the first, comprised primarily of Great Dasian, Xilanian, Torfian, Satian, and Esperanto units, hurled from the Dasian military stronghold of Masan; while the second, comprised primarily of Torfian, Huntite, Vickian, Satian, and Core units, hurled from Hishebig, in the northern Industrialized Borderlands. A startling event occurred when on 7 June 881, a major supernova in the Herculis-005 star system smashed the first Dasian horde, vaporizing nearly 70% of the fleet and causing severe damage to another 20%. The first horde was forced to return to Dasian space, but the second horde continued into Tof dominions. This second horde was crushed by the Tofs at Bad'ai (24 June 881), and over half of the horde was captured or slaughtered. These major defeats humiliated the Dasians, and Kublai never again launched an expedition against the Tofs.
Bypassing the Tofs, the Dasian Empire launched further incursions into the Wild Marshes and Galactic Borderlands, as Kublai was intended to instigate his brother's planned campaigns against the Kalbachans, Rasdallans, and Hypasians. At the time Kublai consolidated his position as Great Khan in 864, the Hypasians sent tribute to the Dasian court on Karakorum and had a Dasian consul stationed in their territories. The Hypasians, trying to take advantage of the Dasian civil war, declared however that they were no longer bound to Dasian dictates. Kublai responded by launching a invasion of the Hypasian Kingdom in December 884. A force under the command of the General Toghan quickly occupied the Hypasian financial hub of Thang Gosong. At the same time, General Soghu advanced from the Golden Horde, harassing the Hypasian worlds of Thai and Borolai. Until this point, the Hypasian High King Tran and his chief commander Duan Huo had conducted a strategy of defense, but now decided to switch to one of offense. On 8 April 885, General Tran Shang Hu crushed Soghu in the Battle of Moria, followed by a greater victory at Song Dhu (19 April 885), in which Soghu was killed and a large number of Dasian warriors taken captive. Soon after, General Hu won another victory at Trasha Dakai (19 May 885) and crushed Toghan in the Skirmish of Valeris V (1 July 885). The Dasians fled from the Hypasian dominions, and General Hu even sacked the Dasian military fortress of Sogan (19 July 885). Kublai thus had failed in his first attempt to subdue the Hypasians. After this, the Monks of Izzia revolted against Dasian authority in September 885, defeating a Dasian force under the command of Toghan in the Battle of Kurdi. The Carylone Khan Kaidu even provided support to the rebels, angering the Great Khan. It was only in August 891 after six years that the rebellion was suppressed.
Kublai then determined to again assert himself on the Hypasians, and organized a second Dasian invasion of their dominions in 887. This was better organized then the previous effort, with larger numbers of Torfian and Satian units being employed by the Dasian commanders. The Dasians, again under the command of Toghan, advanced on the Hypasian world of Van Klep from Masan, and soon linked up with a Xilanian-Rokai force under the command of the general Omar. The combined force then won a victory at Van Klep and thereafter destroyed a Hypasian transport fleet at Van Dong. General Hu, quickly counterattacked, using superior Hypasian intelligence to surround and destroy the main Dasian supply fleet at Cassolar, cutting off the flow of food and military equipment to the Dasian forces. The Hypasians then launched a major counteroffensive, regaining Van Klep and harassing the Dasians at Thang Lang. Toghan was forced to pull back his forces. On 3 April, the Xilanian-Rokai force under Omar's command attempted to flee Hypasian territory, but was soon trapped by a Hypasian naval armada at Bach Dang. The Hypasians destroyed most of the Rokai battleships and handed severe damage to the Xilanian units. Omar himself was captured and the Dasian force handed a crushing defeat. Soon afterwards, the Hypasians under General Hu's command crushed Toghan at the Battle of Qu'emia (28 May 887). Toghan barely escaped with his life. Kublai was forced to the peace table, and by the Treaty of Huerta Mongol (28 June 887), agreed to recognize Hypasian independence. In return, the Hypasians released Omar and paid the Dasians a indemnity for military losses.
Besides this, the Dasians had also launched three expeditions against the Rhedites: in 877, 883, and 887. In these campaigns, the Dasian forces managed to penetrate to Rhedita itself, brushing aside Rhedite armadas and establishing Dasian military bases at Champa (9 July 883) and Larga (17 May 887). The Rhedites temporarily submitted to Dasian overlordship, giving Kublai at least a minor victory to savor in. The Aglurians and Veragrans, neighbors of the Rhedites, also paid tribute to the Great Khan and granted him commercial, navigation, and military access privileges in their dominions. In the later years of his reign, Kublai dispatched a Dasian-Torfian expedition against the Rasdallans, attempting to establish a Dasian foothold in the bulk of the Galactic Borderlands. Although the expedition obtained a minor victory in the Battle of Kuris (17 May 893), it was utterly decimated by the Rasdallan Mapurhait Dynasty in the Battle of Jakarta (19 July 893), which lead to the capture of the expeditionary commanders and the destruction of five valuable Dasian starfighter squadrons. Kublai was forced to pay a ransom for captured Dasians and to acknowledge the territorial integrity of the Rasdallans. All of the defeats he suffered during his reign weakened the Dasian Empire, sowing seeds for its slow decline of the 10th and 11th centuries. Nevertheless, in 891, the Dasians did manage to impose their suzerainty over the Homi, although this did not last beyond Kublai's death. Another triumph for Kublai was the suppression of the major Nayan Rebellion (887-89), which maintained internal stability in the Great Dasian dominions. Besides, the Golden Horde continued its raiding expeditions and punishing campaigns throughout the 880s. For the first time however, the Horde suffered major defeats, as the Donguarians had implemented significant military reforms since 883. A Donguarian force swiftly crushed the Golden Horde's raiding expedition in the Battle of Temur (19 July 887), which lead to the loss of many battleships and ion disrupters. A Dasian raid directed at Kelvania and Polonia in 885 also proved a disaster. These campaigns had been organized by Kalanbuga, who had deposed Tode Mongke, the son and successor of Mongke Temur (who had died in 881), in 885. Kalanbuga exchanged clashes with the Illkhanid Empire, which under the direction of Ghazan, had begun to adopt many of the customs of its Kimanian subjects. The Golden Horde launched two invasions in 888 and 890, both of whom failed. The Illkhanids, in the meantime, continued to struggle with the Leians in the western Barsar Regions, although they could not advance further.
Kublai's health declined in the last years of his reign. The Great Khan's son and original heir apparent, Zemjin, had died in 886, leaving his father depressed. After the death of his son, the Great Khan took to the bottle, also overindulging himself in food and rarely engaging in athletic activity. He became bloated and unhealthy as a result, and for the last six years of his life, delegated many of his governing responsibilities to his subordinates. The Great Khan gradually isolated himself from others and murmured about "an end to his sufferings". In December 893, he was diagnosed with Ximlun's cancer, a major disease which impacted a Dasian's blood supply and bone structure. The Great Khan suffered great pain, and on 4 January 894, acknowledged his grandson by Zemjin, Temur, as his heir, to be chosen by the Great Council. Thereafter, he entered into a great coma, and on 18 February 894, died in the Dasian Imperial Palace of Karakorum at the age of 78. Thereafter, the Great Council was immediately convened and elected Temur as the new Great Khan.
The Dasian Khanates and the Great Dasian Empire (894-968)Edit
By the time of Temur's ascension however, the Dasian Empire had effectively disintegrated into four very different dominions: the Great Dasian Empire, under the direct rule of the Great Khan; the Carylone Khanate, still ruled by Kaidu; the Golden Horde, ruled by Toqta (who had deposed Kalanbuga in 891); and the Illkhanid Empire, ruled by Ghazan. The Great Khan was still formally the suzerain of the entire empire, but his effective authority was limited to the Great Dasian dominions of the Outer Borderlands, Wild Marshes, Galactic Borderlands, and Inner Territories. Despite this, Temur maintained excellent relations with the Illkhanids. Ghazan, as part of his power struggle with the Golden Horde and the Carylone Khanate, paid tribute to Temur, urged the other two sub-khanates to acknowledge the Great Khan as master of their destinies, and oversaw an intensive program of cultural, scientific, and intelligence interaction between the Illkhanids and the Great Dasians. Temur was more peaceful then his father, and he abandoned all Dasian plans for further aggressive expeditions into the Galactic Borderlands. The Great Khan signed formal peace treaties with the Tofs, Hypasians, Rhedites, Kalbachans, and Rasdallans (895-97), although the embassy to the Lavellans (898) was rebuffed. He reformed the Dasian currency, reorganized the Dasian government along Xilanian and Torfian models, and continued to support religious toleration. Temur exempted all clergy and monasteries from taxation in 897, appointed the Almitian monk Heredotus as head of the Dasian Imperial Order of the Faith in 899, and granted tax collection privileges to the Core clergy in 902.
Ghazan continued his struggle with Kaidu, who continually harassed the Golden Horde and even threatened the Great Dasian dominions at times. Ghazan had resumed the Illkhanid war against the Lesians. Gathering a vast force of Dasian, Barsarian, Ogalmerian, Roastafarian, Kimanian, and Huttile units, the Khan advanced in October 899, seizing the Lesian base of Hleppo and forcing the Armenians again into vassalage. Ghazan soon clashed with the Lesian armada in the Battle of Sasar (25 December 899), resulting in a decisive Dasian victory. He thereafter forced the signing of the Treaty of Damascus (1 January 900), by which the Lesians paid an immense tribute. Ghazan's forces clashed with Kaidu in the Huntite dominions, with many indecisive skirmishes taking place between 897 and 900. Finally, on 9 January 900, the Illkhanid Emperor requested that the Golden Horde and Great Dasian Empire combine forces to unseat Kaidu. Temur agreed, and declaring Kaidu an outlaw of the blood line, dispatched a considerable military expedition against Robert. Togta of the Golden Horde sent his own force against the Carylone Khanate. This culminated in the Battle of Zhwaka, on the first day of the 10th century (1 January 901), in which Kaidu suffered a humiliating defeat. Kaidu died only five days later, and was succeeded as Carylone Khan by Duwa, a grandson of Baraq. Duwa reorganized his forces and cleverly evaded defeat over the next three years, inflicting humiliation upon the Great Khan, Ghazan, and the others arrayed against him. During this time, Ghazan resumed his wars against the Lesians, although a major defeat at Echo Base (27 April 903), finally halted the Dasian advance along the Denveranian Trunk Line. Ghazan was forced to rescind the Treaty of Damascus.
Eventually all Dasian parties involved in conflict realized the uselessness of continuing the war with the Carylones, and all flirted with the idea of a reunified Dasian Empire. On 2 February 904, the Treaty of Yemjenes was signed. By the terms of the treaty, the Carylone Khanate, Golden Horde, and Illkhanid Empire accepted the Great Khan Temur as their suzerain and agreed to pay him homage, tribute, and military units. Afterwards, Toqta turned his attention to the internal affairs of the Golden Horde, as he suppressed a uprising at Caffa (905-06), divided the Horde into appendages and principalities (906), and issued detailed laws concerning commerce, religion, taxation, and navigation (907). Ghazan in the meantime, encouraged culture in the Illkhanid Empire, reorganized the royal court, and instigated a major reform of the Illkhanid legal system. He continued to reign until his death on 10 May 904, being succeeded by his brother Oljectiu. Duwa however, faced troubles with Chapur, who descended from Ogedei. A major civil war between the two erupted in the Carylone Khanate in 905, and continued for two years, although Duwa managed to maintain his position. The health of the Great Khan, however, entered in severe decline in January 907, and on 10 February, the Great Khan died after reigning for nearly thirteen years. The Great Council summoned thereafter elected Kulug, another of the Gengishid branches, as Great Khan (21 June 907). Kulug maintained stability in the Great Dasian dominions and in 908, imposed Dasian suzerainty over the Lavellans. On 25 June 907, Duwa died, and was succeeded as Carylone Khan by Konchek. Konchek reigned for barely a year before expiring on 9 January 908, being succeeded by Taliqu. Taliqu however, was challenged by Duwa's son Kebek, and after only a year was deposed from the throne on 17 January 909. Kebek himself was deposed (7 March 910), by Esen Buqa, who finally subdued Chapur.
After reigning for barely four years, Kulug died (27 January 911). Upon his death, he was succeeded as Great Khan by Byantu, a great-grandson of Kublai. Byantu granted regional autonomy to certain species under his rule, instituted a civil service examination service, and reorganized the Great Dasian army. The Great Khan also implemented a new legal codification, encouraged agriculture, and instituted a ban against most forms of slavery. On 31 December 912, Khan Toqta of the Golden Horde died, and the following day was succeeded by his nephew Uzbeg (r. 913-41). Uzbeg, who would be the longest-reigning and most powerful khan of the Golden Horde, immediately proscribed Shamanism and Dasian Mysticism in his dominions, embracing Almitism upon his ascension to the throne. He also proclaimed himself free of the Great Khan's suzerainty, in which example he was followed by Oljectiu and Esen Buqa, thus terminating the arrangements of the Treaty of Yemjenes. Uzbeg, determined to assert himself, amassed a very powerful military force, comprised of Dasian, Venasian, Laurasian, Gordasian, Briannian, Clancian, Oglamerian, Decapolian, Galician, Polonian, Donguarian, and other units, that he used as a lever in relations with the other Dasian khanates. The Khan conducted raids against Oljectiu's dominions, carrying off millions of prisoners and penetrating into Shendonan dominions during 915. Esen Buqa, in the meantime, launched attacks against the Illkhanids and the Great Dasians, causing major damage to Hajoria, Barbara, and Constipex, provoking the two states to unite against him. On 16 December 916, Oljectiu died and was succeeded by his son Abu Sa'id, a fearless and determined ruler. He launched vigorous counteroffensives against Esen Buqa, destroying the Carylone military holdout at Chormg (9 January 917) and then achieving a major victory in the Battle of Pstelies (17 July 917). A force dispatched by the Great Khan ravaged Elijahana in August 917 and thereafter penetrated to Hunt Minor, Vickis, and Uris. Esen Buqa then died (5 January 918). The Coalition restored Kebek to the Carylone Khanate and forced him to limit the size of his military forces.
Thereafter, Uzbeg resumed his conflicts with the Illkhanid Empire, and launched a campaign along the Kimanian Trade Run in 919, which penetrated to Eutagia, destroyed numerous Illkhanid military bases, and secured the Golden Horde's dominion over the Oglamerians and Acamarians. In the meantime, he remained hostile towards the Great Dasian Empire, refusing to acknowledge Byantu and turning down all negotiation offers with him. Byantu himself, however, died suddenly (1 March 920), after reigning for only nine years. Byantu was succeeded by his young son, Gegeen. Gegeen quickly fell under the influence of Temuder, who had served as his father's Great Councilor, alongside that of his grandmother, the Empress Tagi. Temuder and Tagi soon clashed with each other over policy matters, and in January 921, the Empress forced the Great Councilor into exile. Gegeen was forced by his grandmother to declare Temuder a outlaw. Temuder however, fled to Uzbeg, who granted him official refugee status, gave him a military force, and refused the Great Khan's demand to hand him over. Temuder gathered a force comprised of various Core, Oglamerian, Vickian, and Torfian units, and in August 921, roared back into the Great Dasian dominions. Temuder won the Battle of Espreanto (19 August 921) and the Skirmish of Cladis V (20 November 921), which resulted in the deposition of Tagi from her position and Temuder's restoration to favor. Temuder remained Great Councilor until his death (19 September 922). Gegeen thereafter asserted himself as an independent ruler, implementing new agricultural codes and sponsoring various religious organizations. He also absolved the Homi from Dasian suzerainty. This last act angered many, including those who had supported Temuder. Temuder's adopted son, Tegshi, gathered his supporters and planned a coup against the Great Khan.
On 4 September 923, the Great Khan was seized by Tegshi and his co-conspirators, and was hacked to pieces. Tegshi thereafter installed Yesun Temur on the Great Dasian Khanship. Yesun Temur, who reigned for five years, continued his predecessor's administrative and religious policies. He divided the Great Dasian dominions into departments in 925, considered to be a major reform. In the meantime, Abu Sa'id signed a final peace treaty with the Lesians and other western Barsar states (19 August 923), acknowledging their independence. Afterwards, he turned his attention towards the Golden Horde. Uzbeg had continued to harass the borderlands, penetrating at times even to Christopher. In January 925, he hurled a massive force at the Illkhanid throne world of Chorma, in the Middle Territories. Abu Sai'd's chief general, Chupan, organized a effective resistance, and crushed Uzbeg's forces at Peking (19 February 925). Thereafter, Chupan reconquered Eutagia (29 February 925) and then penetrated into the Golden Horde's territories, ranging as far as Decapolis Majoria before being repelled by Uzbeg. Uzbeg thereafter made temporary peace with the Illkhanids, and in the meantime, had focused his attention on expeditions in the western Core. The forces of the Golden Horde waged a vigorous war against the Hypasians, Rhedites, Kelvanians, Angelicans, Morganians, Morphites, and others (920-32). The Battle of Shamil (19 January 924) and the Battle of Vicker's Point (27 March 927), were major victories for the Golden Horde, which carried off nearly 50 billion Morganians, Kelvanians, and Morphites as slaves. Notably, Uzbeg re-legalized slavery in 923, providing vast labor reserves for various construction projects which he conducted in the Core Worlds. Uzbeg's raid on Bulgania Max in the Inner Territories (19 May 930) was a failure however, with nearly 20 million Dasian warriors being slaughtered in the raid attempt.
Uzbeg also restored peaceful relations with the Great Dasian Empire, seeing Yesun Temur as a worthy ally. In 926, the Khan restored diplomatic relations with the Great Dasian court on Karakorum, and dispatched an ambassador, Mengli-Giray, in order to communicate his respects. Yesun Temur responded by declaring Uzbeg "worthy of the blood line". Uzbeg conducted trade with the Great Dasians, signed a military alliance with the Great Khan (7 January 927), and established a diplomatic customs center at Karlas, on the border of the Golden Horde with the Great Dasian Empire. Nevertheless, Uzbeg did not acknowledge the Great Khan as his overlord, although by 933 he was sending gifts and money to the Great Khan's household, and he would not allow the Great Khan to interfere in the affairs of the Golden Horde. Then Yesun Temur died (15 August 928). His young son Ragibagh, then only eight years old, ascended to the throne as Great Khan, primarily because of the actions of his father's household officers. Many Great Dasians however, believed that he was to young to wield sovereign authority, and a noble faction led by El Temur proclaimed Jayaatu, second son of Kulug, as Great Khan (16 October 928). Jayaatu and his forces quickly advanced from Norah, capturing the major bases of Togan, Hemsia, and Sanford throughout the later part of 928. Then on 2 November 928, Karakorum was captured by the usurper, and Ragibagh was slain in his personal quarters. Jayaatu thereafter was formally acknowledged as Great Khan. His reign did not last for long however, as his elder brother Kukala desired the Dasian throne. Gathering a force at his personal palace on Wompong, Kukala thereafter raged throughout the Outer Borderlands, and then besieged and stormed Karakorum (26 February 929). The following day, he captured Jayaatu and forced him to abdicate the throne. Kukala forced Tugh Temur into exile, and El Temur quickly proclaimed himself a loyal servant of the new Great Khan. Kukala however, soon restored good relations with his brother, and on 19 April, acknowledged him as his heir. El Temur, angered at this, and fearful for his own life and position, then assassinated the Great Khan (30 August 929). On 8 September, Jayaatu was restored to the Great Khanship.
Jayaatu quickly moved to purge Kukala's supporters, declaring his brother to have been a false Great Khan and denying him burial in the Imperial Sanctuary of Karakorum. Nevertheless, the Great Khan pardoned El Temur, who quickly became Great Councilor and asserted himself as the power behind the throne. El Temur effectively governed the Great Dasian Empire throughout the remainder of his master's reign, promoting education, maintaining the imperial court on Karakorum, and implementing laws on the arts, literature, and archeology. Despite this, El Temur was harsh towards the nobility, cracking down on any conspiracies against his rule, and he legalized slavery in 930, forcing billions of Rokai, Xilanians, Torfians, and Satians into servitude. Nevertheless, Khan Uzbeg of the Golden Horde continued good relations with the Great Dasian court, sending gifts to Jayaatu and sponsoring a cultural exchange program. Uzbeg also gave the Great Khan a considerable number of Laurasian, Venasian, and Athenian slaves. Also in 929, in the Carylone Khanate, Duwa Temur deposed his brother Elijgedey, who had succeeded Kebek in 926. His reign lasted for only a year, and on 19 July 930, Duwa Temur was deposed and killed by Tarmashirin, who continued good relations with the Great Dasian Empire and signed a treaty with Uzbeg.
Jayaatu then died suddenly (2 September 932). El Temur quickly put his machinations into action, and he installed Jayaatu's youngest child, Rinchinbal, on the Dasian throne (23 October 932). Rinchinbal was however, weak and physically unfit, and after only a few months, he died on Karakorum (14 December 932). El Temur, in a attempt to retain control of the state, neglected to summon a new Great Council, and he governed the Empire as regent until his death (9 June 933). Another Dasian prince, Bayan, finally gathered the Great Council, and on his initiative, Jayaatu's son Toghun Temur was chosen as the new Great Khan (19 July 933). Bayan soon established himself in the same position as El Temur, serving as Great Councilor to the new Great Khan. Toghun Temur would become the longest reigning Great Khan of the Dasian Empire, but he would be a weak and ineffectual ruler whose reign would see the disintegration of the Great Dasian dominions. In the meantime, in the Golden Horde, Uzbeg Khan continued the positive relations with the Great Dasian Empire, and he also sponsored economic activity. In 931, the Khan had allowed the Alliance of Decapolian Merchants to establish a colony at Caffa, which had been subdued by Tokhta. The following year, the Khan ordered the colonization of Tanais, in the Central Core, which he established as a major military base and palatial fortress of the Golden Horde. This would be followed in 939 by the Declaration of Venice, which awarded the Decapolians autonomy within the Golden Horde and granted them control of a sect in the Outer Core and Industrialized Borderlands, to be governed by its own council and to have its own military. The Decapolian Republic, as it was known, was exempted from taxation, conscription, and exactions, and slave raids were outlawed in its boundaries.
Disorder erupted in both the Carylone Khanate and the Illkhanid Empire, however. Tarmashirin died (7 July 934), after reigning over the Carylone Khanate for only four years. Upon his death, he was succeeded by his nephew Buzan. Although Buzan maintained the peace with the other Dasian Khanates, he was considered to be a lazy and ineffectual ruler, as he drew the state into debt by massive construction projects on Hunt, Robert, Sheldonia, and Jasis and also by the wide scope of his royal household. After only a year, a palace conspiracy resulted in the deposition and death of Buzan (19 July 935), and the ascension to the Carylone Khanship of Changshi. Changshi was on weak foundations, in the matter of his coming to the throne, and he contended with major rebellions and uprisings on Hunt Minor, Choir, and Kayla Maxia (935-36). Changshi also experienced difficulties at the imperial court, struggling with his wife and others for power. Another palace coup, led by his younger brother Yesun Temur, resulted in Changshi's death (19 January 938). Yesun Temur thereafter proclaimed himself Carylone Khan. He managed to hold unto the throne for four years. In the meantime, in the Illkhanid Empire, Abu Said died (1 December 935), after reigning over the Illkhanids for nineteen years. He had never married, and as a result did not leave behind any heirs. The Illkhanid Emperor had also neglected to name a successor, which thus threw open the door to civil turmoil in the Illkhanid dominions. Upon Abu Said's death, one of relatives, A'rpa Keun, of the Tolui lineage, proclaimed himself Illkhanid Emperor. Keun however, was not supported by the majority of the Dasian nobility and his effective authority was limited to Eutagia and parts of the Kimanian Trade Run. Uzbeg, witnessing his opportunity, invaded the Illkhanid Empire once again, quickly destroying the military fortress of Diamond (2 January 936) and swiftly pummeling along the Kimanian Trade Run. A'rpa Keun was forced to flee into the Barsar Regions, and there he was assassinated by the ambitious Illkhanid general Padshah (2 February 936). Padshah, from his base on Breha, thereafter installed Musa as the Illkhanid Emperor. Uzbeg in the meantime, had regained Eutagia and thereafter forced Padshah into the Treaty of Breming (19 February 936), by which the Illkhanids recognized the Golden Horde as their overlord. Uzbeg then returned to his own dominions. The humiliating agreement weakened Padshah's support base, and soon the Kimanian governor of Pardis, Hasan Buzurg, proclaimed the young Muhammad Khan as the new Illkhanid Emperor (25 February 936). Thereafter, Hasan Buzurg flung his forces at Musa and Padshah, crushing them in the Battle of Ala-Tagh (24 July 936). Padshah was killed in the battle and Musa was forced to flee for his life. Musa himself would be defeated and killed at Taning (1 January 937).
After consolidating their hold in the eastern Illkhanid Empire, Hasan Buzurg and Muhammad Khan were soon threatened by Togha Temur, who had proclaimed himself Illkhanid Emperor at Reading (19 December 936). Togha Temur gathered his forces at Breha, Nanking, and Christopher, being determined to assert himself over his rivals. In March 937, the usurper Emperor launched his campaign against Hasan Buzurg. Togha Temur was soon joined by the forces of Musa, who acknowledged him as Illkhanid Emperor and who offered their full support against Hasan Buzurg. Togha Temur swiftly captured Kimania (9 June 937), stormed Kimanis Mooria two days later, and raided the major military base of Filorean. Hasan Buzurg then quickly reorganized his forces, and in a pitched battle at Leo's Redoubt, managed to defeat Togha Temur (19 June 937). Togha Temur was forced to retreat back across the Kimanian Trade Run, and had to spend the remainder of the year rebuilding his forces and preparing for the future confrontation to come. Hasan Buzurg was soon challenged by another contender: Hasan Kuchak, descendant of Sorgan Sira (777-845), who had been one of Genghis Khan's subordinate fleet commanders. Hasan Kuchak raised his forces at Space Ferminus in August 937, intent on claiming his birthright and seizing a portion of the Illkhanid dominions. Hasan Kuchak quickly conquered the southeastern Barsar Regions, spreading his dominion across to Leo's Redoubt and Riley. He thereafter clashed with Hasan Buzurg and Muhammad Khan at the Battle of Naushar (18 July 938), which resulted in a decisive victory for Hasan Kuchak. Muhammad Khan was slain in the battle and Hasan Buzurg forced to flee. Hasan Buzurg was forced to make peace with Hasan Kuchak, who was acknowledged as Khan of Choabania (23 August 938). Hasan Buzurg, attempting to rid himself of Hasan Kuchak, offered the Illkhanid throne to Toghan Temur (19 November 938). Toghan Temur mustered his forces from Offshora and invaded Chobania in January 939. He soon fell out with Hasan Buzurg, having demanded that the General recognize him as his ultimate master. Hasan Buzurg thereafter refused to help Toghan against Hasan Kuchak, and Toghan was forced to end his campaign. Thereafter, on 3 March 939, he recognized Jahan Temur, grandson of Ghazan, as the new Illkhanid Emperor. Conflict erupted with Hasan Kuchak again however, and war was declared in October 939. Hasan Buzurg and Jahan Temur advanced against Hasan Kuchak and his puppet Illkhanid Emperor, Suleiman Khan, gaining major victories in Nikki Lowell (19 November 939) and Newman Victoria (15 January 940). This was followed however, by a crushing defeat at Ikorua (19 February 940), as Hasan Kuchak destroyed Hasan Buzurg's starfighter and carrier squadrons. Hasan Buzurg fled back to his dominions, deposing Jahan Temur thereafter. For the next four years, the General would acknowledge Toghan Temur as his suzerain, although continuing to struggle with the Chobanids. Hasan Buzurg formed alliances with other Illkhanid factions and attempted to outflank Hasan Kuchak, in which he proved somewhat successful. Hasan Kuchak was poisoned by his own bodyguards (17 February 943), bringing some relief to Hasan Buzurg.
This was soon counteracted however, by the rise of Malak, Hasan Kuchak's brother, who at first divided Hasan Kuchak's dominions with his uncle Surgan. Malak however, did not want to share rule of Choabania, and soon he contended with Surgan and his supporters. By the end of 944, Malak had gained absolute control of Choabania and defeated his rivals. The rise of Malak caused Hasan Buzurg to reject the supremacy of Toghan Temur (19 July 944), as he finally asserted himself as an independent Khan. Malak, upon asserting his status however, acknowledged his own servant Anushirwan Khan as the new Illkhanid Emperor (19 December 944). Anshuriwan Khan would be the last to bear that title, holding the position until 957, although he was only a puppet. Malak and Hasan Buzurg soon entered into a power struggle however, as each tried to dominate the other. Malak's attempt to seize Kimania in August 947 proved a failure, while Hasan Buzurg's invasions of Choabania (947-50) were repelled. For six years, a precarious peace existed, until Jani Beg, son and successor of Uzbeg, launched his campaigns against the Illkhanid Empire in 956.
In the Golden Horde, Khan Uzbeg proclaimed his son Jani Beg his heir (17 March 940), an unprecedented action which had not been done by any previous Khan of the Golden Horde. The Khan's health thereafter entered into severe decline, as his alcoholism and lavish living style finally caught up to him. For the last several months of his life, the Khan remained confined to his personal quarters. In those quarters he died at the Golden Palace of Saray (9 February 941), after reigning for twenty eight years. Uzbeg, celebrated by the Dasians of the Golden Horde as their greatest ruler, was buried in the Sanctuary of Khans on Saray. Jani Beg ascended to the throne without challenge, although in January 942 he would order the execution of his two younger brothers, whom the Khan considered to be a threat to his person. Besides this, the Golden Horde remained relatively stable, with exaction expeditions conducted against Kelvania, Angelica, and Donguaria in 943-46 that captured large numbers of captives, starships, manufactured goods, and equipment for the Golden Horde's use. In the Carylone Khanate, however, internal discontent reigned. Yesun Temur became increasingly corrupt in the last half of his reign, and was deposed from the throne by Ali, a descendant of Ogedei (9 June 942). Ali, the last of the Ogedeid line to rule over the Carylone Khanate, reigned until his sudden death (9 December 942). He was succeeded by Muhammad, who ruled for only a year until he was killed and deposed by the general Qazan (19 December 943). Qazan contended with revolts by the Vickians, Shorians, Shendonans, and Huntites (943-45), which weakened the internal stability of the Carylone Khanate. Qazan was then assassinated by Qazaghan, the commander of the Carylone Amirate Corps (9 January 946). Qazaghan established himself as effective governor of the Huntite dominions and assumed effective control of the Carylone Khanate. Qazaghan assumed the title of Amir of Hunt and installed Danishmendji as Khan. Danishmendji then conspired against the Amir, trying to assert himself as actual ruler. Qazaghan had him deposed and executed (17 March 948), replacing him with Bayan Quli. Bayan Quli, who would remain Khan for the next decade, was subordinate to Qazaghan and allowed him to govern the state. Qazaghan granted autonomy to the Dasian generals and governors under his command, transforming the Carylone Khanate into a loose tribal confederation.
In the Great Dasian Empire, Bayan governed for seven years, proving to be a tyrannical and autocratic ruler. He abolished the civil service examination system, eliminated regional autonomy, further intensified slavery, and launched massive construction projects that consumed state resources. Bayan also expanded the Dasian secret police and he brutally crushed all rebellions against his authority. Bayan also exterminated the family and relatives of El Temur, intent on asserting himself as the sole force at the Great Dasian court. His power reached an apex in January 939, when the Great Khan was compelled to appoint him Great Chancellor, a higher rank then that of Grand Councilor. Bayan had pushed matters too far, however, and Toghun Temur eventually tired of him. On 9 February 940, a palace conspiracy resulted in the deposition of Bayan from his position and his replacement by Toghgotha, who was ironically his own nephew. Bayan died shortly after (19 February 940). Toghgotha restored the subordinate position of Grand Councilor and became the Great Khan's new chief minister. Toghgotha proved himself a more tolerant ruler then Bayan, as he reorganized state finances, restored regional autonomy, and reestablished the civil service examination system. In 945, by Toghgotha's suggestion, the Great Khan commissioned an official history of the Dasian Empire, which was completed four years later. Toghgotha however, resigned in 949, and for two years, the Great Khan employed other advisers to govern the state. These advisers however, acted foolishly, and Toghun Temur was forced to re-appoint Toghgotha in 951. Giving Toghgotha complete control of state affairs, Toghun Temur retreated into the background.
By this time, the Great Dasian dominions were experiencing great internal turbulence and distress. The quality and unity of the Great Dasian military had declined, and the Dasian rulers were by this time hated by the subjugated populations. Toghgotha proved a harsh and despotic ruler in his second tenure as Grand Councilor. The Espreantos, Xilanians, Rokai, Nandi, Calrissians, Torfians, and other species had long simmered under Dasian rule. These tensions finally exploded in 952, as the Red Velvet Rebellion erupted on Homidinia. A previously obscure Rokai military officer, Zhunang, rose to the forefront of a Rokai guerrilla which opposed the Dasians. Zhunang quickly expelled the Dasian authorities from Homidinia and proclaimed the reestablishment of the Neo-Rokai Confederacy (19 December 952). Toghun Temur dispatched Toghgotha with a large expeditionary force against Homdinia, aimed on crushing the uprising. Zhunang, however, defeated the Dasians in the Battle of Saris V (9 January 953) and the Confrontation of Homdinia (19 July 953). Pushing forward, the rebel conquered many of the Rokai star systems over the next three years, winning major confrontations at Boris (27 September 953), Yutzy (2 January 954), and Brlla (17 June 955). During these years as well, major uprisings and revolts took place on Norah, Burantis, Nandi, Xilrania, Scanlan, Greyson, and numerous other worlds of the northern Outer Borderlands, tying down the Great Dasian forces. Toghgotha proved unable to crush the revolts, and was defeated each time by the rebel movements. On 2 February 956, the Torfians under King Gongmin (r. 951-74), overthrew the conditions of Wonjong and expelled the Dasian garrisons from the Muggal Cluster. This was followed by the rise of the Grand Lama, Tai Shugun, who restored the independence of the Monks of Izzia (6 May 957). In 958, the Espreantos, Burantos, and Whoopiees regained independence, while the worlds of Donna and Billy established new kingdoms in the western Outer Borderlands. By the end of the decade, the Great Dasian Empire had lost a third of its territories to rebellion. Dissatisfied with the way Toghgotha was handling matters, the Great Khan dismissed him from office for the last time (9 January 958) and appointed Khutugh as the new Grand Councilor. This did not improve matters much however, as the Rokai rebels continued to advance and as the Great Dasian dominions continued to weaken and splinter. A severe economic depression (958-62), ravaged the Dasian economy, leaving it exposed to the core.
In the Golden Horde, at the same time that the Great Dasian Empire was slipping into civil war, Khan Jani Beg had determined to launch campaigns against the Carylone Khanate and the splintered Illkhanid Empire, both of whom had been severely weakened by civil unrest and were in no position to resist. Amassing a large force comprised of Dasian, Laurasian, Clancian, Goldarian, Donguarian, Galician, Polonian, Venasian, Athenian, Oglamerian, Acamarian, Eutagian, Decapolian, Brenni, Drennan, Briannian, and Rebeccan formations, the Khan advanced into the Carylone Khanate in August 953. His force harassed the Shendonan star systems, sacking Majoria Schall (19 September 953) and destroying the Carylone palatial fortress at Jadaica (19 November 953). Jani Beg harassed the Carylone dominions in the Middle Territories, subduing the Vickians under Carylone rule (953-54), conquering the Hookiees and Morites (7 February 955), and penetrating as far as Hunt Minor. In December 955, the Khan forced Qazaghan and Bayan Quili to sign the Treaty of Xexura, by which Shendonana was seceded to the Golden Horde and the Carylone Khanate was forced to submit to Jani Beg as its ultimate overlord. Qazaghan was also compelled to pay tribute and to give Jani Beg a considerable number of slaves, starships, and gifts. After this successful campaign, Jani Beg turned his attention towards the Illkhanid Empire, crossing the Kimanian Trade Run and invading from Acamaria in January 956. Jani Beg quickly attacked and subdued Choabania, sacking Breha and ordering the execution of Malak (19 February 956). The Khan then allied with Shaikh Uvais, who had succeeded his father Hasan Buzurg (9 January 956), against the Sharbadars, who had assassinated Toghta Temur in 953 and usurped control of his dominions. Jani Beg ravaged Kimania and destroyed the Illkhanid defenses at Millard and Constipex, temporarily imposing his suzerainty over the Sharbadars. Boasting that he now controlled three-fourths of the Dasian Empire (which was however, a hollow claim), Jani Beg crossed the Kimanian Trade Run and returned to the Golden Horde proper in June 956, leaving behind garrisons at Kimania, Breha, Filorean, Nicki Lowell, Leo's Redoubt, Newman Victoria, and Offshora. Jani Beg then prepared for expeditions in the western Core, this time intent on conquest. He would not have the opportunity to implement these plans, however, for on 7 January 957, the Khan was assassinated by a disgruntled bodyguard, Nogai, in his personal quarters at the Golden Palace of Saray. Jani Beg was succeeded by his son Berdi Beg, who proved to be a weak and ineffectual ruler. Berdi Beg contended with violent uprisings on Cyrus III, Landa Umptia, Venasia Prime, Venasia Secondary, Constancia, Teth, Goldaria, Laurasia Prime, Elizabeth, and other worlds during his short two-year reign. He himself was assassinated (4 February 959), by his younger brother Qulpa, who then usurped the Khanship.
Taking advantage of the situation in the Golden Horde, and upon the deaths of Qazaghan and Bayan Quli (17 and 19 November 958), the splintered Carylone Khanate's factions recovered their territorial losses (958-59) and overthrew the conditions of the Treaty of Xexura, reasserting themselves. Likewise, Shalikh Uvais terminated the Jalayrid alliance with the Golden Horde, seized control of Choabania, and expelled the Golden Horde's garrisons from the territories of the former Illkhanid Empire. These losses did not help for Qulpa, who was a harsh and autocratic ruler, extremely unpopular with the nobility and the Khan's household. After only a year on the throne, Qulpa was assassinated by his younger brother Narwuz Beg (17 March 960). Narwuz Beg usurped the Khanship and established himself as the new ruler of the Golden Horde. Nawruz Beg was more capable then his two predecessors, and he resumed with his father's plans for campaigns in the western Core. While gathering his military forces however, the Khan was poisoned by his own servants after only a year on the throne (25 June 961). The death of Nawruz instigated nearly two decades of civil war and economic deterioration for the Golden Horde, as rival military commanders, regional governors, household officers, ministers of state, and civil servants, alongside relatives of Jani Beg and even servants of the imperial household, struggled with each other for dominance and power. One of Nawruz's military commanders, Urus, proclaimed himself Khan (29 June 961), but his effective authority was limited to parts of the Central Core. Khidr, Timur, Urdu, and Kildibek followed each other in succession as Khan, as each assassinated their predecessor and wielded authority for only a handful of months. On 5 January 962, a guards officer and imperial chamberlain named Murad Khan proclaimed himself Khan, gaining control of Saray and securing the loyalty of the Decapolians. He was challenged by Urus and others, however, and great struggles took place, including confrontations at Clancia, Goss Beacon, Constancia, Testerone, Briannia, Zutagia, Saray, Arias, and Azov. Murad ruled for just two years until he was defeated and killed at Mourn (9 June 964). He was succeeded by Amir, who secured control of the imperial treasury on Saray and managed to hold the throne for several months until he was assassinated (2 January 965) by Aziz, who then ruled for two years until his death (17 June 967). At this point, the military commander Mamai stepped in as a Khan-maker, determined to assert himself as a power behind the throne in order to dominate the Golden Horde. Mamai installed Abdullah Khan on the throne (25 July 967), and had his puppet Khan appoint him Chancellor and Supreme Governor, effectively giving him control of the state. Abdullah disappointed Mamai however, and the following year, the Supreme Governor deposed him and replaced him with Hassan (6 May 968), who would rule for a year until his death.
During the 960s, the Great Dasian Empire continued its gradual disintegration, while a new figure arose in the morass of the Carylone Khanate, who was to have a violent impact upon the Caladarian Galaxy and become the greatest Dasian conqueror since Genghis Khan himself. On 2 December 958, Zhunang, Gongmin, Tai Shugun, the Xilanian rebel Tak, and the Calrissian rebel Revania signed the Accords of Eleanor, by which they pledged to "expel and confine one who has so long oppressed our persons, our worlds, and our kind". The various rebel leaders and commanders in the northern Outer Borderlands vowed to expel the Great Dasians from the Caladarian Galaxy and ensure that a threat to their independence would never arise again. Upon the establishment of this rebel coalition, Khutugh and Toghun Temur amassed a considerable expedition to subdue the rebellions. This expedition penetrated to Homidinia, cleared the Lacian Cluster, and obtained a minor victory at Granonia (19 July 959). The rebel coalition soon reacted however, and the expedition was destroyed at Parlas (17 May 960). During the next seven years, the rebel coalition advanced steadily, as the forces and defenses of the Great Dasian Empire fell apart, and as more species revolted, regaining their independence. Pamir, Jesse Indiana, Greyson, Mortiana, Poshberg, and Xilania erupted in major uprisings (960-63), successfully regaining their independence, while Dasian forces were crushed at Kars (19 January 963) and Zhunang smashed an expedition under the command of Khutugh himself in the Battle of Poyang (4 October 963). The following year, Scanlanian and Mackenzian forces defeated the Kingdom of Dawhu, which had been established by the Dasian general Danzgo in 954, in the early years of the civil turbulence. In 965, the Great Dasian forces were expelled from the Inner Territories, thus cutting off contact with the Golden Horde. The following year, Khutugh was killed in a ambush at Markis Prime, and the Dasians lost their reconquests in the Lacian Cluster and along the future Kledis Var Trunk Line. By this point, Toghun Temur and his remaining forces were now retreating across the minor Corporate Trade Corridor back into the Sernapasian dominions, where the Dasians had first established themselves permanently in the mid 8th century. One minor relief for the Dasians took place on 9 August 967, as Toghun Temur managed to repel a force commanded by Tak and Revania that was hurled across the Corporate Trade Corridor. By now, the Great Khan realized that he would never regain control of the northern Outer Borderlands, and so began negotiations with the various new independent states. The Treaty of Sernapasia on 9 February 968 acknowledged their independence and allowed the Great Khan to retain possession of Sernapasia and the territories north of the Corporate Trade Corridor. The Great Dasian Empire had been virtually destroyed, and the Dasians in general had been severely weakened by the loss of their earliest conquests.
Finally, major events took place in the Carylone Khanate. After Qazaghan and Bayan Quli died in 958, a power vacuum was created in the territories of the Carylone Khanate. This did not last long however, as the Dasian military commander Tughlugh Temur, who had commanded the garrison on Hunt Major and had served Qazaghan, decided to assert himself. Tughlugh proclaimed himself Khan, gathered his military forces, and in 960, conquered the Vickian dominions of the Carylone Khanate. In order to maintain his newfound authority, the Khan ordered the execution of many of his political rivals, including Bayazaid and Bayan Suldus. The Khan spent two years subduing the various Amirs and asserting himself as absolute ruler. He constantly struggled with Haji Beg, who was a military officer in charge of the garrisons in Roastafarian space. Haji Beg was ultimately defeated at Rogue (9 June 963) and his territories brought under the Khan's control. Tughlugh had reunified the Carylone Khanate, although this would not last for long. Ironically, he installed Haji Beg's nephew, Timur, as commander of the Samarkand garrison, and granted him the title of Amir of Samarkand. Shortly after, however, Tughlugh died (19 August 963). Upon Tughlugh's death, the Carylone Khanate again disintegrated, as the deceased Khan's various military commanders, governors, and other subordinates divided the Khanate into satrapies amongst themselves, each one taking the title of Amir or Amiress. These individuals included the Lady Borga, the General Husayn, the Courtly Vizier Chagatai, and the Vice-Chancellor Salkand. These soon bickered amongst themselves, and intensive civil wars raged in 963-66, weakening their positions and wasting economic, military, and diplomatic resources. Timur, however, was more skilled and cunning then these potentates, as he was determined to conserve his military strength and use his control of Samarkand to maintain his position in the Carylone Khanate. The Amir waited patiently for his rivals to drain themselves out, while gathering his resources and turning his dominions into a fortified zone. Eventually, the Amir began his campaigns (9 September 966), decimating the units of the weakened Salkand, thus securing control over the fortress worlds of Shephard, Lorna, Walters, Hasselbeck, and Beharis. He thereafter eliminated Chagatai and captured, tortured, and executed Borga, which granted him control of the Vickian, Robertian, Huntite, and Roastafarian dominions. By February 968, the Amir's only remaining rival was Husayn, who controlled Sheldonia, Prestley, Natazha, and other worlds of the eastern Outer Borderlands.
The Timurid Empire and the Golden Horde (968-1005)Edit
Timur and Husayn continued to struggle with each other for another two years, as the Amir of Samarkand determined to bring the entirety of the Carylone Khanate under his rule and to eliminate his final remaining rival. The Amir achieved major victories at Sheldonia (19 February 968), Paisley (17 March 968), Leah (3 May 968), and Selena Renoldia (12 June 968), inflicting severe causalities upon Husayn's forces and utterly pummeling through his rival's dominions. It was also in these campaigns that Timur first demonstrated his extraordinary brutality, as his forces severely ravaged and devastated each of the star systems they subdued. Timur would eventually become known as the cruelest of all Dasian conquerors or generals, even more so then Genghis, Ogedei, Chormaqan, Subutai, Batya, Mongke, or Kublai, as he would utterly decimate his resistance and would willingly exterminate entire populations or species. In the sack of Sheldonia alone, the Amir's forces slaughtered nearly 90% of the planet's population and carried another 6% into slavery. Sheldonia would not recover from Timur's sack until the 15th century. At Paisley, Timur and his forces demolished the planet's cities, bombarded the countryside, and slaughtered nearly all of the world's inhabitants. Timur and his forces plundered entire star systems, destroying hundreds of colonies, installations, and garrisons. This brutality and aggressiveness led to Husayn's defeat, as the rival Amir was unwilling to use such force in his battles. Husayn was defeated, captured, and executed at Oblast (5 December 969). With his death, all of the Carylone Khanate was again unified under one ruler. Timur, who was now ambitious and determined to revive the fortunes of his race, reorganized the Carylone Khanate into the Timurid Empire and proclaimed himself Khan (5 January 970), establishing Samarkand as his capital world. Thus began thirty-five years of wars, expeditions, and military campaigns, which would sweep across the Caladarian Galaxy and establish Timur as one of the greatest conquerors in the history of the Caladarian Galaxy, along the likes of Sargon the Conqueror, Devlet Giray, Genghis Khan, or Ogedei Khan. Upon establishing the Timurid Empire, Timur immediately reorganized the taxation system, vastly expanded slavery and conscription, and began immense efforts to construct a huge military and economic machine, whom he would use in his future conquests and campaigns.
In the Golden Horde, Hassan Khan died on 19 June 969, after reigning for just a year. Mamai, still unwilling to assume the Khanship himself, and enjoying the opportunity of being a khan-maker, reinstalled Abdullah Khan on the throne. Abdullah Khan was as weak and ineffectual a ruler in his second reign as in his first, and he left affairs of state to Mamai and his subordinates, being content to enjoy the luxury that being a Khan afforded. Abdullah's reign, however, saw violent rebellions on Hannis, Hammenor, Briannia, Clancia, Blackria, and Nezbit that were brutally crushed by Mamai and his forces. Abdullah then died (6 May 970), after ruling for barely a year. Mamai thereafter installed Jani Beg II on the throne (8 May 970). Jani Beg II, however, disappointed his master, and a palace coup resulted in his being replaced with Muhammad Bolaq (17 July 970). During this time, Urus, who had retained control of Clancia and the northern Central Core, poised a greater challenge to Mamai, constantly harassing the Core Worlds and rebuffing all attempts at subduing him. Mamai also contended with plots by members of the civil service, and had constantly to be on the guard in order to maintain his position. His attempts did not work however, as Urus seized Laurasia Prime (16 August 970), harassed the Dasian fortresses at N'Vrauz, Gordasis, and Courdina V (September-October 970), and then penetrated onto the Rebeccan Galactic Trade Route (970-71). Finally, the contender besieged Saray itself (3 April 972), and forced Mamai into surrender. Mamai was compelled to depose Muhammad Bolaq and accept Urus as the new Khan of the Golden Horde. Urus quickly brought most of the Golden Horde under his rule, but soon lost the support of the nobility and did little to monitor Mamai's activities. Mamai secretly plotted to recover his position and stocked up supplies at his stronghold on Caladaria. In January 974, Mamai renounced his allegiance to Urus as Khan, and on 29 January, quickly regained Saray and forced Urus to abdicate. Urus fled back to Clancia, while Mamai installed the boy Haji Circassia as the new Khan. Haji Circassia died however (9 January 975), and Mamai thereafter restored Muhammad Bolaq as Khan.
In what was left of the Great Dasian Empire, Toghan Temur, who had lost most of the Dasian dominions in the northern Outer Borderlands and had been ineffective as a ruler throughout his entire reign, was forced by his advisers to rename his rump state as the Northern Dasian Khanate (3 May 970) and was reduced to the rank of Northern Khan. With this, the Dasian Empire had finally been dissolved, although it had not been in existence as a unified entity since the time of Kublai a century earlier. At this point however, the Dasians were still the predominant power in the Caladarian Galaxy. The Golden Horde still ruled the Core Regions, while the Timurid Empire controlled the former Carylone Khanate and the Illkhanid factions dominated parts of the Middle Territories and the eastern Barsar Regions. With this final act of the reign, Toghan Temur then died on Karakorum (23 May 970), ending a reign of 37 years. Toghan Temur was succeeded by his son Ayushiridara, who proved a more formidable and effective ruler then his father. Ayshuiridara knew that he would not be able to reconquer the lost territories of the Great Dasian Empire, so he focused on maintaining economic stability and political unity in the Northern Khanate. The Khan reasserted absolute authority, reorganized government administration, and established a string of powerful military defenses, garrisons, and outposts along the Corporate Trade Corridor in order to protect his kingdom. With the help of his able commander Koke Temur (915-75), the Khan repelled an invasion attempt by the Xilanians and Whoopies in 974. After Koke Temur's death on 29 December 975, the Khan repelled another invasion attempt in 977. He continued to rule until his death (28 April 978). He was succeeded by his younger brother Togus Temur.
In the meantime, Timur was laying the groundwork for military campaigns against the Neo-Rokai, to the north of the Timurid Empire, believing them to be a severe threat to his power. He was also pursuing his ambitions of reuniting the entire Dasian Empire under his rule. The Neo-Rokai Confederacy, ruled by Zhunang, had already contended with the Xilanians, Espreantos, Burantos, Mackenzians, and Breittes for dominance in the north-eastern Caladarian Galaxy (969-72), which drained its military strength and left it exposed to outside threats. Taking advantage of this, Timur dispatched his emissaries to the court of Zhunang on Homidinia in January 973, demanding the Great Lord's submission and claiming suzerainty over him. Zhunang, determined to retain the Confederacy's independence, refused, and amassed his forces for a confrontation with the Timurid Empire. Timur however, had been mustering his vast military machines, and had a powerful military under his command. With these, the Khan roared across the Rebeccan Galactic Trade Route (2 February 973), brushing aside all opposition. Once again, Timur demonstrated his extreme brutality and cruelty in his campaigns, as Timurid forces ravaged dozens of star systems, slaughtered or enslaved entire planetary populations, and laid waste to numerous colonies, military outposts, and installations. Zhunang soon left Homidinia with a major force in order to confront Timur's armada. Timur however, quickly surrounded and utterly decimated the Rokai battefleet at Yutzy (19 April 973). Zhunang himself was captured and was forced into the Treaty of Shoshana (3 May 973), by which he acknowledged Timur as his suzerain, paid him immense amounts of tribute, and seceded Rokai dominions along the northern sect of the Rebeccan Galactic Trade Route. Timur then released Zhunang and returned to his own dominions, bringing with him a large number of Rokai slaves. The Khan followed this up by exaction expeditions conducted against the Naro's Pirates (974-75), which destroyed their stronghold of Cadas and established Timurid outposts along the eastern edge of the Galaxy.
In the Golden Horde, in the meantime, Muhammad Bolaq was suddenly assassinated by the ambitious general Aybak (19 August 975). Aybak seized control of the imperial household and treasury, forced Mamay to evacuate Saray, and proclaimed himself Khan in Muhammad Bolaq's place. Aybak, although he managed to retain the throne for two years, excerised little authority beyond Saray and the eastern Core Worlds, as Mamai, from his redoubt on Caladaria, challenged the usurper Khan's authority and even forged an alliance with his long-time enemy, Urus (29 December 975). Mamai and Urus campaigned against Aybak, reconquering Briannia (17 January 976) and penetrating to Logan, Kara, and Goldaria (February-April 976). Urus was, however, challenged by his own military commander Tokhtamysh, who pointed to his superior right of succession and instigated rebellion on Clancia (17 April 976). Urus was forced to terminate his campaigns against Aybak, returning to Clancia and the northern Central Core in order to assert his dominion of the throne. He regained control of Clancia (19 April 976) and then destroyed Tokhtamysh's forces at Bussaila V (3 May 976). Tokhtamysh was forced to flee the Central Core, and because he was denied sanctuary by Mamai or Aybak, went into hyperspace on his personal starship and fled to the Timurid Empire. Taking refugee at the court on Samarkand, Tokhtamysh was granted sanctuary by Timur, who appointed him a vice-admiral and provided him extensive financial support. For the remainder of the year, however, Urus remained on Clancia, cracking down any more conspiracies and refusing to move to help Mamai further. Because of this, Aybak regained some of his losses, defeating Mamai's forces at the Battle of Thai (17 June 976) and regaining Briannia (25 June 976), before raiding Katherine (1 August 976). Aybak however, soon contended with major uprisings on Murphy, Zutagia, and Nathaniel against his authority. This weakened his position, and soon, Mamay recovered Briannia (19 August 976) and then penetrated to Saray itself, destroying Aybak's military defenses in the Siege of Saray (2-19 November 976). Aybak was forced to flee Saray, although he still considered himself Khan. The threat from Aybak did not end until he was assassinated by his own bodyguards (6 January 977). Mamai regained control of his portions of the Golden Horde, as far as the Industrialized Borderlands, and installed Arab Shah as the new Khan (9 January 977). Arab Shah ruled only until 6 November 977, when Mamai had him deposed and finally assumed the Khanship of the Golden Horde himself. Urus then died (12 January 977), and was succeeded as Khan of Clancia by his son Toqtaqiya, who then ruled until his sudden death (19 February 977). Toqtaqiya in turn was succeeded by his younger brother Timur-Malik.
By this point however, Tokhtamysh had recovered from his defeat at the hands of Urus and had amassed a considerable military force, comprised of his personal units and considerable formations provided by his ally and mentor, Timur. With this force, the General roared back into the Central Core in March 978, bypassing Saray and attacking Timur-Malik directly. Timur-Malik, who was not as militarily skilled as his older brother or father, proved weak in his resistance, and was utterly crushed at the Battle of Teth (19 April 978). Timur-Malik was captured by Tokhtamysh's forces as he attempted to flee in his personal starfighter. The General executed the Khan and thence moved onwards to Clancia, quickly gaining possession of the world (23 April 978). Tokhtamysh thereafter proclaimed himself Khan of Clancia and quickly brought most of the Central Core under his control. Mamai, although he was alarmed at this new threat, did not move against his rival, for he now had other concerns to deal with. By the 970s, the subjugated Laurasians, Venasians, Briannians, Gordasians, Hammeorites, Murphians, Zutagians, Arians, Katherinans, Elizabethans, Horacians, Schauerians, Jessican Pereans, Tylerian Pereans, Athenians, Oglamerians, Decapolians, Eutagans, Acamarians, Polonians, Galicians, Organians, Vindictorians, Permians, Brenni, Nathanlietes, and countless others were tired of the Dasian Yoke, and had long desired for independence. All of these species despised their harsh and hated Dasian overlords, who had enslaved, slaughtered, and deported them in large numbers. The Dasian taxation, enumeration, and conscription systems were hated with a passion by the subjugated species, including the Laurasians. Rebellions and uprisings had broken out ever since the beginning of the Dasian Yoke, but until now these had been quickly and brutally suppressed. But with the civil turbulence impacting the Golden Horde, the subjugated populations now had a chance. A rebel leader arose on Laurasia Prime to take advantage of the situation: Arasces Arcracius (950-82), a Laurasian nobleman, who began using his wealth to organize a guerrilla resistance movement from 974. He had ambitions of restoring the Stellar Kingdom of Laurasia and liberating the Laurasians from one and a quarter centuries of foreign rule. After four years, the nobleman was ready, and in February 978, the Laurasians arose in a wide-scale and coordinated revolt against the Dasian garrison. The garrison had been significantly reduced by Mamai, for his use in his campaigns against Aybak, and as such was unable to provide much resistance. The rebels seized the Orda of the Dasian Bey on 29 February and proclaimed the reestablishment of the Stellar Kingdom of Laurasia two days later. Similar rebel movements on Briannia, Rebecca, Elizabeth, Arias, Gordasis, Courdina V, Caladaria, Ux-ney, Ariana, Murphy, Venasia, and Nathaniel expelled the Dasian garrisons and reestablished the independence of those worlds.
Although Mamai wished to gain control of the Central Core and reunite the entire Golden Horde under his rule, the rebellions forced him to turn his attention to the Core Worlds. With this in view, the Khan gathered his military units from the Horde's garrisons on Horacia, Athenis, Ruth Bonia, Zasey, and Ruurik, advancing from Saray in April 978. The Khan swiftly reconquered Nathaniel (19 April 978) and defeated a Venasian pirate fleet at Ruttum (25 April 978). He thereafter instigated a siege of Courdina V (1 May 978), launched punishing expeditions at Murphy (9 May 978), and cleared rebel pirates from the Rebeccan Galactic Trade Route (June-July 978). However, the Golden Horde's attempt to reassert control in the Laurasian Sector had so far proved a disaster, as a Dasian scout force had been crushed at Darcia (16 June 978). Mamai then decided to deal with Arcracius himself, and receiving military supplies from Tokhtamysh, the Khan hurled from the Dasian base on Neustronia in August 978, destroying the defenses of Ux-ney (7 August 978) and blockading a Laurasian supply fleet at Toma (10 August 978). The following day, however, a rebel armada under the command of Arasces himself ambushed the Dasian fleet at Vozha, less then a light year from Laurasia Prime. In the Battle of Vozha (11 August 978), the Dasian armada was handed a humiliating defeat and was scattered, with Khan Mamai being forced to flee the Laurasian Sector. This first significant victory for the various rebelling Core Worlds aroused further nationalist tendencies, as Katherine, Chancia, Ashley Cora, Mariah, Martina Mcasisa, Vindictoria, and Meris V arose in rebellion (978-79), driving off the Dasian garrisons, while Arasces recovered Ux-ney (19 September 978) and crushed a Dasian scout force under the command of Balkhash in the Battle of Sosis (17 November 978). Mamai now began assembling an ever larger force in order to subdue the rebellion, and he again advanced from Saray in December 979, gaining a victory in the Skirmish of Ogla (25 December 979) and besieging Meris V, eventually reconquering the world (16 January 980). Mamai thereafter attacked Vindictoria, pacified Athena, rescinded the autonomy of the Decapolians and ravaged Decapolia Major, attacked Briannia, sacked Katherine, and then reconquered Ashley Cora, all of this between February and August 980. The rebel coalition meanwhile, had been assembling a force to repel the Khan and firmly assert independence in the Core Worlds. This force was commanded by Arcracius himself. The rebel force, although heavily outnumbered, met the Dasian hordes at Kulikovo, previously a obscure Murphian colony world on the Murphian Trade Spine (8 September 980). Although Mamai had his superior numbers and a relatively sound strategy, he was outwitted by Arcracius, who employed superior guerrilla and harassment tactics in attacking the hordes. The result was a decisive rebel victory, as Mamai was forced to flee and his battleship squadrons were forced back. Mamai returned to Saray, preparing renewed offensives against the rebels. Tokhtamysh however, witnessed his opportunity, and on 25 September 980, hurled his hordes from the Central Core, assaulting Saray directly. Mamai's attempt to resist him proved futile, and the Khan was defeated and killed in the Siege of Saray (29 September 980). Tokhtamysh thereafter assumed possession of Saray and proclaimed himself Khan of the Golden Horde, reuniting all of the dominions of Batya, including those in the Central Core, under one ruler. With his ascension, the long civil war that had raged for two decades was finally over. He then set out pursuing a organized and aggressive strategy in order to subdue the uprisings, determined to imitate the methods of his mentor Timur.
Tokhtamysh spent the remainder of 980 amassing a powerful force, comprised of Dasian, Huntite, Vickian, Shendonanan, Polonian, Galician, Donguarian, Kelvanian, mercenary, Oglamerian, Kimanian, Clancian, Tethian, and various other units, with many of these being units that had been provided by Timur. The Khan's armada vastly outnumbered the rebel forces, and was organized along Timurid military models, with mobility and organization being emphaized. Once the Khan had organized his hordes, he hurled from Saray (9 February 981), intent on subduing the many rebel worlds and reasserting the Horde's dominion. The Khan besieged and captured Elizabeth (16 February 981); defeated a Venasian pirate fleet at Vergennes (29 February 981); subdued Courdina V (3-30 March 981); devastated Katherine (19 April 981); crushed a Laurasian and Uxian scout force at the Cron's Drift (25 April 981); reconquered Hapes (7 May 981); raided Venasia Secondary (17 May 981); reconquered Caladaria (3-19 June 981); pacified Nathaniel (2 July 981); and then reconquered Gordasis (19 July 981). Arcracius did manage to defeat a Dasian expedition at Ralina Vixus (25 July 981), but this provided little comfort for his means. By the end of the year, Tokhtamysh had also subdued Rebecca and was besieging Chancia, which put up suprisingly heavy resistance. The Khan however, employed Timurid brutality in all of his campaigns, as each rebel world was punished by sacking, enslavement, and deportation. Briannia alone suffered the devastation of its cities and the enslavement of 80% of its population.
In January 982, the Khan finally captured Chancia, which had resisted since October. The planet was sacked and nearly 95% of its population was slaughtered or enslaved. Chancia would not recover from the sack until the 16th century. Afterwards, Tokhtamysh decimated a Venasian rebel armada under the command of Queen Mother Naralia at the Battle of Venasia Secondary (25 January 982), capturing the Queen Mother herself, who was executed in gruesome fashion. Thereafter, Venasia Prime was besieged, beginning on 2 February 982, eventually falling two months later. The world was sacked and 80% of the planet's women raped or enslaved. Afterwards, the Golden Horde reconquered Meris V (19 February 982) and then cleared rebels from Schaueria Prime (2-19 March 982). Tokhtamysh then subdued Arias (25 March 982); plundered Ariana and Murphy (3-19 May 982); and then reconquered Mariah and Martina Mccasia (6 June 982). The Khan then defeated Arcracius in the Second Battle of Ralina Vixus (19 June 982) and subdued the rebellions on Vindictoria and Drennasia, slaughtering or enslaving nearly all of those worlds' inhabitants. Finally, the Dasian hordes, after consolidating their reconquests and reorganizing their forces, advanced against Laurasia Prime, overrunning a rebel outpost on Darcia (3 July 982) before scattering a Laurasian battefleet in the outskirts of the Laurasia Prime System (16 July 982). A month later, the Khan instigated a major siege of Laurasia Prime on 23 August 982, bottling up the last remaining rebel fleet and imposing a blockade of the world. The Dasians faced extreme difficulties in subduing the world, as the Laurasians resisted the Dasians even more fiercely then they had in the initial conquest of 840 by Batya, 142 years earlier. Arcracius himself rallied the Laurasian defenders and constantly refused the Khan's demands to submit. Eventually however, the Dasians used a ploy, tricking the planet's shield operators to lower Laurasia Prime's repulsor shields. Once the shields were down, the Dasians crushed the rebel force (27 August 982) and then quickly overran Laurasia Prime, reconquering the cities and pacifying the countryside. By the Khan's orders, they engaged in a murdering spree, as the Golden Horde slaughtered nearly 65% of the world's population and enslaved another 20%. By this point, Laurasia Prime's population was a mere 80 billion, down drastically from 495 billion at the beginning of the Dasian Yoke. Arcracius himself was captured on 30 August, after evading Dasian armies for a few days, and was interrogated, tortured, and executed three days later. With this, Laurasia Prime had been forced back into the Dasian Yoke, which would continue for another long and terrible century.
After reconquering the rebel Core Worlds, Tokhtamysh decided to punish the Donguarians and Kelvanians, both of whom had provided token support to the revolts in the Core. With this goal in view, the Khan pushed across the Murphian Trade Spine and invaded Donguaria in September 982, quickly destroying a Donguarian expeditionary force at Mohi (18 September 982), where another Dasian force under Batya had won a major victory over Emperor Bela IV a century and a half earlier. The Donguarian Emperor, Wladislaw (r. 982-1034), was unable to organize a effective defense against the Dasian invaders, and the Khan advanced as far as the Galactic Borderlands, winning another victory at Poltava (19 October 982) and quickly reducing the Donguarian strongholds of Kaunas, Pressburg, and Haustien. Tokhtamysh only halted his campaign in December 982, when Wladislaw agreed to acknowledge the feudal supremacy of the Golden Horde, allow for the Dasians to station garrisons and outposts in his dominions, and pay an immense tribute, valued by slaves, starships, agricultural goods, and industrial equipment, to the Khan. The Khan thereafter ravaged Kelvania (9 January 983) and raided Angelica before concluding his campaigns. He returned to Saray in triumph (1 February 983), bringing with him a huge haul of Laurasian, Venasian, Briannian, Elizabethan, Murphian, Rebeccan, Donguarian, Kelvanian, Angelican, and Katherinan slaves, prisoners, and hostages.
At the same time that Tokhtamysh subdued the rebellions and exerted the Dasian supremacy over the Donguarian Empire, the Emperor Timur was planning major campaigns against the Neo-Rokai, the Mackenzians, and the various Illkhanid factions. Since the death of Hasan Buzurg in 956, Shaikh Uvais, his son and successor, had brought the Jalayrids to their greatest height of power. He had conquered Chobania, expelled the Golden Horde's garrisons, and then gradually defeated the Amir of Vali, the Black Sheep Turkmen, and the Amir of Musa, extending his authority along the entire Kimanian Trade Run and as far north as the Huntite regions. Shaikh Uvais had also reorganized government administration and maintained internal stability in his dominions. After a reign of eighteen years, however, the Khan had died (9 August 974), leaving the Jalayrid throne to his son Hasan. Hasan, who proved a weak and incapable figure, ruled for only two months, until he was deposed by his Amirs (6 October 974). The Amir of Vali reasserted his independence and installed Hasan's brother Husain on the Jalayrid throne. Under Husain, the Jalayrid Khanate fell apart. Husain lost his father's conquests in Chobania, which was seized by the Muzaffarid family in 975. He was also forced to grant independence to the Black Sheep Turkmen and contended with major uprisings on Kimania, Riley, Christopher, and Anakia. Taking advantage of this, the Shah of the Muzaffarids, Mahmud, invaded the Jalayrid Khanate (19 November 976), quickly penetrating to Kimanis Moora and subduing the Jalayrid stronghold of Breha. Husain quickly reorganized his forces, but entered into a bitter struggle with Mahmud for the next three years, with many indecisive skirmishes taking place between the two. They finally reached a peace in the Treaty of Houdini (19 May 979), in which the Jalayrid Khan agreed to abandon all remaining territories west of the Kimanian Trade Run. Husain also immediately faced a conspiracy by his brothers Ahmad and Bayazid, who refused to recognize the Khan's authority and launched a major revolt in January 980. Husain lost Kimania (17 May 980) and thereafter was abandoned by his nobility. For the next two years, he constantly evaded capture by Ahmad, being finally captured and executed (6 April 982). Ahmad thereafter seized the Jalayrid throne.
With the Illkhanid Empire having ceased to exist and the Jalayrids fighting constantly with their rivals, Timur saw his opportunity. The Timurid Khan hurled his hordes south from Joria in May 983, quickly hurtling across the Kimanian Trade Run and attacking the Muzaffarids. Mahmud, who had been weakened by his bitter struggle with the Jalayrids, provided little resistance. Timur decimated a Muzaffarid battlefleet at Chomang (19 May 983) and thereafter pacified the Brigel Arm, conquering Drea and Duana (June-July 983). In these campaigns, the Khan demanded that each of his warriors slaughter at least a hundred individuals. Drea in particular, saw 98% of its population slaughtered and the remainder enslaved. Timur thereafter subdued Riley and Samantha in September 983, enslaving, deporting, or slaughtering billions of sentient beings. Orgies of raping, massacring, and looting occurred in all of Timur's campaigns. Mahmud was then crushed in the Battle of Eartha (5 January 984), being forced to flee. During 984, Timur conquered the Huttile star systems, destroyed all remaining Muzaffarid task forces, and besieged Offshora. On 3 February 985, Offshora was captured and devastated, as Timur's hordes slaughtered all of the elderly, women, and children, while Mahmud himself was captured and executed two days later. As Timur now prepared his campaigns against the Jalayrids and the Black Sheep Turkmen, Tokhtamysh decided to take advantage of the situation. Mustering a force at Cyrus III and Eutagia Minor, the Khan of the Golden Horde hurled into Jalayrid dominions on 29 February 985, quickly subduing the world of Bookman and launching devastating raids along the Kimanian Trade Run, destroying numerous Jalayrid military colonies and fortresses. Forcing Ahmad to provide him with slaves and tribute, Tokhtamysh then returned to the Golden Horde in April 985. Timur then launched his campaigns, defeating a Black Turkmen horde in the Battle of Nikki Lowell (25 May 985) and then destroying a Black Turkmen fortress on Terellius (16 June 985). He then conquered Christopher, destroyed Jalayrid fortresses on Filorean, Constipex, and Millard, and then cleared the Jalayrids from Bookman and the worlds of the Orion-Kimano Cluster. In all of these campaigns, the Timurid hordes acted with great brutality, slaughtering or enslaving entire species. The Kimanian Trade Run in the Outer Borderlands would take centuries to recover from the Timurid campaigns. Finally, Timur subdued the Amir of Vali (19 November 985) and forced Ahmad into vassalage before turning his attention to the northern Outer Borderlands.
In January 986, Timurid hordes crossed the Rebeccan Galactic Trade Route into Neo-Rokai dominions, crushing all resistance and launching devastating expeditions against Homdinia. Zhunang was crushed by Timur in the Siege of Homidinia (19-25 February 986) and was captured, being blinded and disemboweled. Timur then swept further north, crushing the Whoopiees in the Battle of Salt (6 March 986) and destroying a combined Mackenzian, Greysonian, Scanlanian, and Edmundian force in the Battle of Sportica (17 March 986). Timur thereafter sacked Tblisi, deporting nearly 200 million Greysonians as slaves, while ravaging the Lacian Cluster and devastating many Lacian colony-worlds. Timur's hordes also sacked Xilania Secondary and penetrated as far as the Northern (Larkian) Way before turning back. Timur thereafter subdued a uprising on Robert in July 986, deporting and enslaving millions of Robertians.
After reorganizing his forces and replenishing his military resources, Timur launched further campaigns across the Rebeccan Galactic Trade Route in March 987. The Timurid Khan was determined to destroy the neo-Rokai and extend Timurid dominion to the Kledis Var Trade Line. To this end, the Khan attacked with massive hordes, swiftly conquering Homidinia (19 March 987), destroying the Second Neo-Rokai Confederacy and annexing the Rokai dominions to the Timurid Empire. Timur then rampaged throughout the Lacian Cluster, sacking Lacia (25 April 987) and decimating a Englestromian force in the Battle of Sonny (6 May 987). The Timurid Khan then personally conducted a series of expeditions along the Northern Way, destroying the Greysonian stronghold of Mocktrialis (17 May 987), ravaging numerous military fortresses and colonies, and storming Xilanian frontier defenses. These harsh campaigns led to the devastation or sack of numerous star systems, as the Timurids slaughtered billions of sentient beings and deported millions of others. Timur then sacked Greyson (25 May 987); destroyed a Mackenzian and Edmundian force at Alexander Haley (16 June 987); sacked Mackenzia Major (29 June 987); and raided the Burgalis Arm (July-September 987) before concluding his campaigns. The Timurid Empire extended its dominion to the Lacian Cluster, forced the Mackenzians, Greysonians, and Edmundians into vassalage, and exacted military access privileges from the Xilanians and Satians. After this, an uneasy peace descended for two years, not including major campaigns conducted against the Northern Khanate by the Longmirians and Nandi in 986-89. Tensions between Timur and Tokhtamysh intensified however, as the two former friends resented each other and desired more territory, power, and wealth. The Golden Horde instigated a massive military buildup in 988, stationing major garrisons along the Kimanian Trade Run and on Eutagia, Athena, Vindictoria, Ogla, Meris V, Cyrus III, and Polonia Major. Timur also amassed his military resources.
Finally tensions broke when on 17 May 989, Tokhtamysh swarmed into the Middle Territories, as his hordes fell upon Majoria Schall, Roastafaria Minor, and Choir. Although the Khan managed to advance as far as the Melanie Trade Line, he was soon confronted by an angered Timur, who hurled his armadas from Hunt Major and Hoohshikk. The two monarchs clashed in the Battle of Kendra (7 June 989), which involved exponential numbers of units and was hard-fought. Timur managed to gain a victory, although losing many Dasian and Huntite warriors. Tokhtamysh was forced to retreat and abandoned his siege of Shenandoah. Timur thereafter defeated Tokhtamysh's chief general, Oleg, in the Battle of Choir (17 June 989) and forced him out of the Timurid dominions. Timur then assaulted Cyrus III (6 July 989), which resisted his hordes fiercely. The planet fell only on 1 November 989. Timur ordered the complete leveling of the world, and the entire planetary population was slaughtered, while the cities were leveled and the countryside razed. Cyrus III would never be inhabited again. After this, Timur spent 990 ravaging the Golden Horde's garrisons along the Kimanian Trade Run, sacking Eutagia (19 February 990) and decimating a Golden Horde expeditionary force at Robertson (16 May 990). Tokhtamysh then launched a major counteroffensive in November 990, ranging down to Christopher and destroying a Timurid military outpost at Gavin (17 November 990). Timur quickly responded and defeated Tokhtamysh at Bantu (25 November 990). Afterwards, Timur destroyed a Golden Horde force at Acacia (9 December 990) and then penetrated into the Golden Horde's dominions, sacking Landa Umptia (19 December 990) and destroying the Horde's garrison on Pressburg (25 December 990). In January 991, the Timurid Khan hurled into the Industrialized Borderlands, quickly sacking Decapolia Minor (17 January 991) and scattering Tokhtamysh's hordes at Kadesh (5 February 991). He thereafter besieged Xancikhan (17-25 March 991) and sacked Decapolia Major (17 April 991), enslaving nearly 500 million Decapolians. Tokhtamysh then mustered most of his formations from the Outer Core and Core Worlds, and the two monarchs clashed again at Kondurcha (18 June 991), which resulted in a decisive victory for Timur. Tokhtamysh was forced to flee with his remaining units along the Rebeccan Galactic Trade Route, pursued by Timur and his hordes. Timur ravaged Ryazan (25 June 991); sacked Tristian (28 June 991); and penetrated to the Prelone Asteroid Belt, destroying the Mumbraine Military Station (6 July 991) and ravaging the Murphian Sector. Tokhtamysh by then had gathered his forces back together, and hurled from Saray to Schaueria Prime. Timur quickly met him there (18 July 991) and won a easy victory, forcing Tokhtamysh to surrender. Tokhtamysh was compelled to acknowledge Timur as his overlord and pay an immense tribute. Timur thereafter withdrew from the Golden Horde back to his own dominions.
Timur spent the next three years completing his conquest of the Illkhanid factions and launching further expeditions in the northern Outer Borderlands. The Khan had demanded that the Jalayrid Khan of Kimania, Ahmad, surrender his title to the remaining Jalayrid dominions along the Kimanian Trade Run and recognize the Timurid Empire as the formal successor to the Illkhanid Empire. Ahmad had refused and prepared his remaining military units for the last struggle. He also requested help from the Armenian Principality, which had at one time been a vassal state of the Illkhanids. Timur quickly hurled his hordes along the Kimanian Trade Run in September 991, systematically devastating numerous star systems, crushing any rebellions or uprisings, and clearing Jalayrid fleets along the Trade Run. The Khan then destroyed a joint Armenian-Jalayrid expeditionary fleet at Hinds Prime (6 November 991), expelling the Armenians from the Eastern Barsar Regions. He thereafter decimated a Jalayrid scout force in the Battle of Scathia (17 November 991), slaughtering or enslaving millions of Kimanian and Barsarian warriors. Timur thereafter raided Kimania Mooria (25 November 991) and besieged Kimania itself, beginning on 19 December 991. Ahmad put up unexpected resistance, managing to hold Timurid forces back from Kimania's orbital defenses. Eventually however, Timurid power proved too strong, and Kimania fell (15 January 992). Timur's hordes ravaged the world, destroying numerous cities and draining the world's oceans. Nearly 100 billion Kimanians were slaughtered or enslaved. Ahmad himself was captured on 17 January, being forced to witness the slaughter of his family by Timur. Timur thereafter personally executed Ahmad and had his head incinerated in Kimania I. Thereafter, the Khan destroyed the final Illkhanid holdouts in the Wild Marshes, including those on Strongstine and Abshire (March-May 992).
Timur then advanced to the Denveranian Trunk Line, determined on securing the eastern bend of that route and punishing the Armenians for their support of Ahmad. The Khan's hordes hurled to the Trunk Line in August 992, quickly destroying the Armenian stronghold of Hleepo (29 August 992) and decimating a Armenian expedition under the command of King Issac in the Battle of Woolestone (7 September 992). The Khan thereafter sacked the Armenian fortress of Colchi (19 September 992). He commanded every warrior to present him with a thousand heads. Colchi was left completely depopulated by the Timurid assault. Timur thereafter ravaged the Leak Cluster and then sacked Armenia Minor (9 January 993). Finally, the Khan besieged Armenia Major, storming the world on 19 February 993. Issac was captured and blinded, while his wife and daughters were raped and his sons castrated in his sight. Timur forced Issac into the Treaty of Armenia Major (6 March 993), by which the Armenians abandoned their strongholds on the Denveranian Trunk Line, paid an immense tribute to the Timurid Empire, and acknowledged Timur as their formal suzerain. Timur thereafter returned to Samarkand with 500 million Armenian slaves, including Issac's daughters, who were sold as sex slaves. The Khan then roused again in May 993, quickly securing Beverly Hereidu and crushing the Amir of Basra in the Battle of Koma (25 June 993). The Amir and his family were captured, tortured, and then executed by solar incineration. By this point, word of Timur's brutality and aggressiveness had spread throughout the Caladarian Galaxy, and every species, monarch, and world was in fear of him. Timur hurled from the Lacian Cluster in August 993, clashing with a force of Edmundians, Greysonians, Xilanians, Whoopiees, Burantos, and Longmirans in the Battle of Kledis Var (17 September 993). The result was a sound Timurid victory, as Timur's forces decimated the coalition squadrons and sacked Kledis Var, carrying off nearly 190 billion Kledians, Longmirans, Edmundians, Xilanians, and Lacians as slaves, and slaughtering the planet's remaining population. Timur thereafter penetrated into the Burgalis Arm again, crushing the Edmundians in the Battle of English Star (1 October 993) and ravaging numerous Edmundian military outposts, colony worlds, and stations. He thereafter sacked Coronadia (17 October 993) and then decimated a Longmiran expedition at Theodore (25 October 993). Timur penetrated as far as the Galactic Barrier before concluding his campaigns in December 993, confirming Timurid dominance in the northeastern Outer Borderlands and annexing most of the Edmundian Stellar Hegemony. Timur returned to Samarkand and focused on restoring his military resources, preparing for yet further campaigns to the west of the Denveranian Trunk Line, against the Lesians and others.
While Timur was conducting his major campaigns in the Barsar Regions and the eastern Outer Borderlands, Tokhtamysh in the Golden Horde had been busy recovering from his first war with Timur, mustering his military resources and rebuilding his hordes. In order to do this, the Khan had vastly expanded the enumeration and conscription systems, issuing a decree (15 December 992) that required every man to enroll for military service and then drafted four-fifths of that number into service. The Khan conducted two censuses in 991 and 993, intent on determining the exact population of the Golden Horde and tallying the resources available. He sponsored the establishment of industrial colonies, and invested vast sums on establishing a network of military, agricultural, trade, industrial, and scientific outposts. Tokhtamysh bolstered his garrisons on the Horde's outlying worlds in the Inner Territories and along the Rebeccan Galactic Trade Route. The Khan also fortified Saray and established a task force to guard the Murphian Sector. He also secured a military coalition with the Satians against Timur, and forced the Donguarians, Kelvanians, and Angelicans to join him in his efforts. By August 994, the Khan was finally ready and stationed his forces on the borders with the Timurid Empire. In September 994, the Khan proclaimed himself free of Timurid overlordship and resumed a state of war with the Timurid Empire. Tokhtamysh's force attacked in three directions: one ranged down the Kimanian Trade Run from the Horde's garrison on Rose, attacking Christopher, Breha, Bookman, Filorean, Kimania, and Beverly Hereidu; another attacked Vickis, Shenandoah, Majoria Schall, Melanie Major, and Zellwegger; the third attacked Hunt Minor, Robert, Wakedia Uxuris, and Elijahana. By 19 October, the Golden Horde had overrun Shenandoah, Majoria Schall, and Melanie Major, while besieging Breha and taking Christopher as a beachhead. The other attacks foundered, however, as an enraged Timur awakened from Samarkand and mobilized his vast armadas, which outnumbered Tokhtamysh's hordes. Timur quickly destroyed the task force besieging Breha (29 October 994) and thereafter reconquered Melanie Major (9 November 994); Shenandoah (19 November 994); and Majoria Schall (29 November 994). Timur then decimated a Golden Horde expedition at Way'tosk, the old capital world of the Millian Empire (31 November 994) and then crushed the Golden Horde's expeditionary force at Christopher (19 December 994). He thereafter destroyed the Golden Horde's outpost on Rose (29 December 994), leaving the world a wasteland. Timur then clashed with Tokhtamysh at Elijahana (2 January 995), destroying his rival's forces and forcing Tokhtamysh to retreat down the Rebeccan Galactic Trade Route. Timur then cleared the Golden Horde from the Huntite regions in January 995, while destroying a expeditionary force led by Tokhtamysh's general Berke at the Battle of Kerry (19 February 995).
The Khan expelled the last remaining enemy force in his dominions in the Battle of Pooch (13 March 995), and thereafter instigated his own campaigns against the Golden Horde. Timur destroyed a combined Golden Horde-Donguarian force in the Battle of Malinka (28 March 995), securing the northern Kimanian Trade Run. He thereafter captured Decapolia Major (30 March 995) and sacked Temperance, deporting nearly 200 million Dasians and Millians as slaves (3 April 995). The Khan then hurled to Schaueria Prime, raiding and devastating the world (5 April 995). Tokhtamysh then mustered his remaining hordes together, and the two monarchs clashed again at Athenis (15 April 995). In the resulting battle, several of Tokhtamysh's commanders and officers defected to Timur, whose superior mobility and military organization overwhelmed Tokhtamysh's battefleets. Tokhtamysh was crushed, and the Khan himself barely evaded capture. Timur thereafter raged unchecked throughout the Industrialized Borderlands, Outer Core, and Core Worlds, as he launched campaigns that severely dislocated the Golden Horde. The Khan destroyed the Golden Horde's base on Permia Minor (18 April 995); plundered Hapes (29 April 995); destroyed a military colony on Macedonia Max (9 May 995); sacked Schaueria Prime (19 May 995); laid waste to Smithia (25 May 995); decimated Nathaniel (29 May 995); destroyed a major Golden Horde defense fleet at Zennatha (31 May 995); besieged and captured Venasia Prime (6-9 June 995); devastated the Murphian Sector (July 995); conquered Arias (19 July 995); and then breached, conquered, and laid waste to Saray (26 August 995). Nearly 75% of the Golden Horde's capital's population was slaughtered, enslaved, or deported, while the Golden Palace of Saray was robbed of its riches and the servants, household, and officials of Tokhtamysh raped, castrated, or enslaved. Timur thereafter captured Murphy (1 September 995) and decimated Victoria (19 September 995). He ranged to the Rebeccan Galactic Trade Route, cutting off Rebecca and raiding Briannia. Timur then sacked Katherine (6 November 995) and laid waste to the Seven Rich Worlds of the lower Trade Route (17 November-29 December 995). Timur then invaded the Central Core, sacking Clancia (17 January 996) and penetrating to Teth, destroying one of the largest defense fleets of the Golden Horde (25 January 996). The Timurid hordes penetrated almost to the Galactic Center.
Timur stopped at Earhasia, however, and then turned his attention to the west, intent on punishing the Golden Horde's vassals for supporting Tokhtamysh. He crushed the Angelicans in the Battle of Rani (1 February 996) and thereafter sacked Angelia Major (17 February 996), capturing and ordering the rape, torture, and execution of the Angelican Queen Basti. Timur thereafter crushed King Rojan of the Kelvanians in the Battle of Kelvania Minor (5 March 996), capturing millions of Kelvanians as slaves and forcing Rojan to submit to him as a vassal. The Khan then crushed the Morganians in the Battle of Merlin (17 March 996), laying waste to the world and slaughtering nearly 17 billion Morganian civilians. Timur then turned to the south, penetrating into Donguarian dominions in May 996. He crushed a Donguarian expedition under the command of Emperor Wladislaw at Poltava (17 May 996) and thereafter captured Donguaria Prima (15 June 996), inflicting severe losses on the Donguarians. Timur then stormed the strongholds of Cossack, Pest, Bordina, Borilla, Croatia, and Milsokvacic during July and August 996, conquering much Donguarian territory and enslaving or slaughtering billions. Timur penetrated as far as the Galactic Borderlands before concluding his campaigns in September 996, forcing the Donguarians into vassalage, stationing garrisons across Donguarian space, and exacting a vast tribute. Afterwards, Timur returned to the Core Worlds in January 997, where Tokhtamysh and his remaining units finally surrendered. As part of the conditions of the Treaty of Saray (3 February 997), Tokhtamysh abdicated as Khan of the Golden Horde, being replaced with Temur Qutlugh and Edigu, two of Timur's generals who were to rule as co-Khans. The Golden Horde was compelled to abandon Eutagia and Acamaria, pay an immense tribute to the Timurid Empire, dismantle most of its military units, and allow for Timur to collect taxes, recruit troops, and station garrisons within its territory. In turn, Timur set Tokhtamysh at liberty and gave him a financial compensation. This would prove to be an error on his part. Timur then returned to Samarkand on 29 February 997, bringing back a large amount of plunder, tribute, slaves, captured starships, weapons, agricultural products, and processed goods. Timur then rearmed his military forces and drafted plans for major campaigns in the northern Outer Borderlands, to be conducted against the Xilanians, Satians, Donnans, and Tofs. In the meantime, while Edigu and Temur Qutlugh were establishing their control of the Golden Horde, each one becoming governor of one-half of the Horde's territory, Tokhtamysh mustered the bodyguard units Timur allowed him to keep and fled to the court of Vyautas, Great King of Kalbacha. Vyautas had long feared Timur's ambitions, and he would do anything to weaken the Dasians in general. The Great King offered to restore Tokhtamysh to the Khanship of the Golden Horde, and in exchange, Tokhtamysh would acknowledge Vyautas as his overlord and secede the Horde's territories in the north-western Industrialized Borderlands. Tokhtamysh and Vyautas then mustered their forces, and in September 997, the Kalbachans launched a major invasion of the Golden Horde.
Tokhtamysh and Vyautas won a victory at Juncture (1 October 997), capturing nearly 100 million Golden Horde marauders. They then plundered much of the western Industrialized Borderlands, destroying the Horde's colonies on Cibourney, Masnay, and Sassanay. These actions however, soon roused Edigu and Temur Qutlugh from Saray, and after obtaining permission from Timur, they mustered a armada to face the invaders. Edigu and Temur Qutlugh assaulted the Kalbachans at Quickley (6 October 997), in a hard-fought battle that eventually resulted in victory for the Golden Horde. Thereafter, the Dasians of the Golden Horde cleared the Kalbachans from Masnay (2 November 997) and repelled a Kalbachan offensive on Teth (9 November 997). Tokhtamysh and Vyautas now switched to an evading strategy, attempting to avoid giving battle to the Dasians. The Kalbachans remained present in the Golden Horde's dominions until April 998, harassing the Horde's armadas and launching raids as far as the Kimanian Trade Run. A bitter internal dispute between Tokhtamysh and Vyautas ensued however, as the former Khan was no longer inclined to accept Kalbachan suzerainty and wished to turn on his Kalbachan supporters. Vyautas in turn, was now greedy for the whole Golden Horde, and he launched campaigns without consulting his ally. As a result, Edigu gained a major victory at Constance III (17 April 998), which destroyed the Kalbachan modified craft squadrons and decimated Tokhtamysh's personal bodyguard fleet. Tokhtamysh and Vyautas steadily fell back, and abandoned the stronghold of Mariah in July 998.
While Temur Qutlugh and Edigu were waging war against Tokhtamysh and Vyautas, Timur had finished planning his major expeditions in the Outer Borderlands and was amassing his forces at Homdinia, Kledis Var, and Mackenzia Major. The Khan sent an emissary to the court of the Satians on Norah in January 998, demanding that they submit to the Timurid Empire and acknowledge Timur as their ultimate suzerain. The Satians, predictably, refused, and instead established a major coalition with the Tofs, Donnans, Xilanians, and Torfians against the Timurid Empire (17 February 998). Timur was enraged, and he determined to teach his enemies a lesson. The Khan hurled his armadas from the Lacian and Markian Clusters in March 998, quickly penetrating to the Northern Way and breaching the Xilanian frontier defenses. Timur devastated Al-Durah (16 March 998), slaughtering or enslaving millions of Xilanians and Durii. Thereafter, the Khan destroyed the Xilanian fortress at Kemp (5 April 998) and crushed a Xilanian-Satian force at Boniface (9 April 998). Thereafter, the Khan's forces ravaged Xilanian territory, sacking hundreds of star systems, destroying colonies and military fortresses, and enslaving or slaughtering billions. Another Xilanian expedition under the command of Emperor Mushal was defeated in the Battle of Xilania Secondary (16 April 998). Timur thereafter sacked Xilania Minoria, deporting millions as slaves, while ravaging the Alpha Secundi star system (19-21 April 998). Timur's hordes thereafter crushed a uprising by the Mackenzians (26 April 998); defeated a Satian border force in the Battle of Orkhan (1 May 998); and surprised a Torfian-Satian armada at Juxles (5 May 998). Timur then defeated the Xilanians at Morg (9 May 998) and conquered the Space Satellites of Ursula (19 May 998). Timur's hordes then defeated Mushal again at King (25 May 998) and then instigated a major siege of Xilania, beginning on 6 June 998. Mushal and his remaining forces put up unexpected resistance, and the world resisted for three months. Eventually however, Timur employed trickery and overwhelming numbers to gain victory, and the world fell to the Timurids (5 September 998). Timur's hordes acted with great brutality, as Xilania's great monuments were destroyed, the planet robbed of its riches, and nearly 400 billion Xilanians slaughtered, enslaved, or deported. Mushal managed to escape, but his final force was defeated at Kaming (17 September 998).
Afterwards, Timur advanced from the Northern Way into Satian dominions, capturing the Satian fortress of Simmons (20 September 998) and scattering a Satian expedition at Chapman (23 September 998). The sack of Lynne (26 September 998) and the Battle of Multan (29 September 998), inflicted severe losses on the Satians, and Timur quickly reduced the Satian stronghold of Margery (3 October 998). Timur's hordes then pushed forward and besieged Norah (9-19 October 998). The Satians and Torfians mustered a force that was swiftly scattered by Timur at Bingley (18 October 998). The following day, Norah's defenses was breached and the planet was captured by the Timurids. Timur ordered the slaughter of the world's entire population, and demanded that each of his warriors present him with ten thousand heads. In this way, nearly 800 billion Satians were massacred. The planet was left a wasteland and never recovered from the Timurid assault. Thereafter, Timur moved farther west, overwhelming the last Satian holdout at Roxuli (24 October 998) and thereafter crossed the Wild Marshes into the Galactic Borderlands, flinging his hordes at the Torfians. Timur's forces destroyed a Torfian outpost at Carly (29 October 998) and crushed a Donnian scout force at Billy Gasis (3 November 998). Timur thereafter penetrated the Muggal Cluster, decimating a combined Torfian-Tof-Donnan expeditionary force at Sackrandis (9 November 998) and devastating Karlong (16 November 998). Timur also overran Latrice (19 November 998), deporting nearly 500 million Donnians as slaves. Thereafter, he besieged and captured Imegina (9 December 998), inflicting crushing defeats on the Torfians and capturing, castrating, and executing their young king Jeongjong (r. 3 September-9 December 998). Timur then sacked Donna (19 December 998) and smashed a Tof armada under the command of Gudaski in the Battle of Pelaski (25 December 998). He raided throughout Tof dominions and sacked Tokyang (23 January 999), slaughtering nearly 50 billion sentients. Timur then stormed Sadasko (29 January 999) and crushed the Tofs at Sissy (9 February 999). Timur directed his hordes to the Galactic Barrier, clearing pirates and criminals from many star systems, destroying numerous smuggler settlements and fortresses, and defeating the Lavellans in Incursion at Pod'ignay (8 March 999). Timur penetrated as far as Illumis before concluding his campaigns in the Galactic Borderlands in April 999, returning to Samarkand with a huge haul of enslaved Torfian, Tof, Donnian, Satian, Kalbachan, Lavellan, Illumian, and Xilanian captives.
While Timur launched his devastating campaigns in the western Outer Borderlands and eastern Galactic Borderlands, Edigu and Temur Qutlugh advanced further against Tokhtamysh and Vyautas, pushing out of the Golden Horde into the Wild Marshes. They gained a major victory at Scone (9 April 999) and subdued a uprising by the Kelvanians (17 April 999). Tokhtamysh then barely evaded capture at Metallos (9 May 999), as the Golden Horde's forces penetrated into the Hypasian systems, now under the rule of the Kalbachans. The Golden Horde then won the Battle of Song Dhu (19 May 999) and crushed a Kalbachan-Hypasian detachment at Valeris V (25 May 999). Throughout June and July 999, Edigu ravaged the Wild Marshes and launched devastating raids into the Galactic Borderlands, destroying countless Kalbachan garrisons, military fortresses, and palatial outposts. Vyautas in the meantime, began gathering a larger Kalbachan, Hypasian, Rhedite, Rasdallan, Dasian, and Torfian force, in order to more effectively resist Edigu and Temur Qutlugh. Tokhtamysh also rebuilt his bodyguard units and prepared for a further confrontation. On 25 July 999, the Kalbachans launched a renewed counteroffensive, quickly destroying a Golden Horde expeditionary fleet at Hanoi (27 July 999) and disrupting the Horde's blockade of Trasha Dakai and Pinlong (1-5 August 999). Thereafter, a vast expeditionary force commanded by Vyautas and Tokhtamysh hurled at Bilirasi, destroying numerous frontier outposts and evading interception by Edigu and Temur Qutlugh. The expeditionary force managed to storm Bilirasi (9 August 999) and then pushed on to the Clancian Trade Line, posing a threat to Clancia, Teth, Goldaria, and Goss Beacon. Edigu and Temur Qutlugh finally managed to intercept Tokhtamysh and Vyautas however, at Vorskla, a minor prison world less then two light years north of Clancia. The two forces then met there (9 August 999). Edigu proposed a temporary ceasefire, in order to allow for both sides to prepare their forces for battle. Vyautas foolishly accepted, overriding warnings by Tokhtamysh that it was a trap.
Over the next three days, Edigu prepared the defenses of Vorskla and brought in considerable Huntite, Shendonan, Acamarian, Cyrian, Arachosian, and neo-Millian reinforcements provided by his master Timur. Vyautas brought in Hypasian and Rasdallan reinforcements, although these paled in comparison with those of the Golden Horde. Then on 12 August 999, Edigu suddenly broke formation and feigned a retreat from Vorskla into the Vorsklan Solar Asteroid Belt. Vyautas, believing he had a change to seize the system, rushed after Edigu's forces, leaving Tokhtamysh with a few units to guard the Kalbachan position. It was then that Temur Qutlugh and his hordes fell upon Tokhtamysh, attacking the Kalbachan supply fleet and cutting it off. Edigu then returned from his faked retreat to clash with Vyautas, using overwhelming numbers and mobility to cut the Great King off from his Dasian ally. This resulted in a decisive victory for the Golden Horde, as Vyautas' personal flagship was overwhelmed by Dasian starfighters and marines, being boarded and seized. The Great King himself was taken prisoner by Edigu and his forces. In the meantime, Tokhtamysh's final remaining units were crushed and the ex-Khan himself was captured by Temur Qutlugh's Kuchlug Guards. This major victory for the Golden Horde, the last in its history, gave it renewed unity for another two decades, although it would never fully recover from Timur's devastating campaigns. Tokhtamysh was blinded, tortured, and then executed by Temur Qutlugh's orders (13 August 999), eliminating a threat to his and Edigu's rule of the Golden Horde. Vyautas was blinded, castrated, and tortured. He was eventually forced by Edigu and Temur Qutlugh to sign the Treaty of Vorskla (19 August 999), which made Kalbacha a vassal state of the Golden Horde and allowed the Horde to govern the Hypasian dominions as a military zone. Vyautas was also compelled to pay an immense indemnity, disarm his military forces, acknowledge the co-Khans as his feudal suzerains, and send his own daughters as sex slaves to Saray. Thereafter Vyautas was released and allowed to return to Kalbacha Major, humiliated and shamed. Edigu and Temur Qutlugh then sent Vyautas' privates and Tokhtamysh's head to Timur on Samarkand as their spoils of war, and also gave him 45% of the tribute and slaves collected from Kalbacha. Timur rewarded the two by proclaiming them "loyal to the Timurid Empire" and removing his officials from the Golden Horde's territory. The brutal conqueror, now known as Timur the Devastator by all of his contemporaries and subjects, was now preparing for war against the Lesian Consortium, the Anastasian Empire, the Order of the Hospallians, and minor states along the Murphian Trade Spine. Timur was determined to extend his dominion across the southern Outer Borderlands and Middle Territories, giving him a juncture that would allow for invasions into the southern Galactic Borderlands. After mustering his forces and installing heavy garrisons at Armenia Major and other worlds along the Denveranian Trunk Line, Timur dispatched emissaries to the courts of the above states in October 999, demanding that they submit to the Timurid Empire and acknowledge Timur as their "sovereign master". The Lesian Great King Narada and his wife and co-monarch, the Anastasian Empress Solana, refused Timur's demands, intent on halting his aggressive expansion and reversing the gains of the Timurid Empire. Gathering together their own forces, and amassing a coalition comprised of the Lesians, Anastasians, Hospallians, Sassi-ruuk, Nagai, and others, the "Spouse Monarchs", as they were known, declared war against Timur (1 November 999) and advanced their forces along the Denveranian Trunk Line.
An enraged Timur quickly hurled his hordes from Samarkand and mustered the garrisons established along the Denveranian Trunk Line. The Khan swiftly advanced from his bases in the eastern Barsar Regions. He crushed a Lesian expeditionary force at Destiny (9 November 999), capturing many transport vessels and disrupting the Lesian supply route to Aletis, their primary military stronghold on the western Denveranian Trunk Line. Timur's hordes thereafter cleared Lesian fleets away from Timurid garrisons, destroyed numerous Lesian military outposts and colonies, and successfully besieged Aletis (19 November 999). Timur ordered the planet's complete devastation, and its legendary lavabeds were decimated by Timurid starships. Timur's hordes enslaved, slaughtered, or deported nearly 90 billion Lesians and others. Timur's hordes thereafter hurled across to the Murphian Trade Spine, swiftly conquering Damascus (6 December 999) and destroying a Lesian battalion under the command of Narada at Ain Jalut (19 December 999), thus gaining revenge for the loss of Kitbuga at that site 139 years earlier. Timur's hordes ravaged the Durest Cluster with great barbarity, sacking numerous star systems and uprooting many Lesian military bases. The Khan thereafter crushed a Lesian-sponsored uprising by his Armenian vassals (21 December 999) and destroyed the Lesian base at Angela Masa (26 December 999). The Khan thereafter plundered Ruumlist (29 December 999), crushing the Sejucian Sultanate and carrying off millions of Sejucian women as sex slaves. He thereafter began a systematic campaign against Lesian systems and colonies along the Murphian Trade Spine, destroying the Lesian stronghold of Trieste (30 December 999).
On 1 January 1000, the Khan crushed a Lesian-Nagai force under the command of Narada and the Nagai Imperator Nog in the Battle of Tiesting, slaughtering billions of Lesian warriors and capturing the Nogai Imperator himself, who was disemboweled, shorn of his honor tentacles, and then blinded. Nog was forced to recognize Timur as his overlord and was compelled to declare war against his former allies Narada and Solana. Timur thereafter hurled from new-gained garrisons in Nagai space, overrunning Ghaza, a major fortress-world of the Sassi-Ruuk (8 January 1000). Timur ordered the discoloration and castration of Sassi-ruuuk prisoners, considered a great dishonor by those within their race. Thereafter, the Khan destroyed a force of the Sassi-ruuk Khanaugh Ivshaakh in the Battle of Hakura (15 January 1000), with the Khanaugh himself barely evading capture. Timur thereafter resumed campaigns against the Lesians, overrunning Lesia Minor (1 February 1000) and crushing an expeditionary force under Ivshaakh and Solana in the Battle of Ipkit (19 February 1000). Timur's forces devastated the Murphian Trade Spine, destroyed the Lesian stronghold on Meridu (25 February 1000), and destroyed an Anastasian fortress on Skye I (5 March 1000). The Khan then crushed Solana in the Battle of Borgia (9 March 1000) and then smashed an warrior fleet commanded by Hospallian Grand Master Vuzurg in the Battle of Teutonica (19 March 1000). Timur's forces then besieged Lesia, beginning on 29 March 1000, a siege which lasted until June. The world finally fell on 4 June 1000, and Timur commanded each of his warriors to present him with twenty thousand heads. The planet was sacked, its renowned space stations and habitation platforms being smashed into the surface, while nearly half of the population was slaughtered, all of the surviving males castrated, the children tortured, and the women raped. Thereafter, Solana and Narada were defeated in the Battle of Grenada (13 June 1000), and the Spouse Monarchs lost over half of their warriors. A revolt by the Edmundians and Mackenzians, however, forced Timur to turn his attention to the north. The Khan forced the signing of the Truce of Helen (29 June 1000), by which Solana, Narada, Vuzurg, and Ivshaakh all recognized Timur as their overlord and agreed to pay him an immense tribute. Timur thereafter withdrew back across the Murphian Trade Spine and hurled north.
Timur conducted a ruthless campaign against the Mackenzian and Edmundian rebellions, destroying a Mackenzian rebel force at Grandigy (9 July 1000) and then conducting a major siege of Mackenzia, which fell to Timurid hordes on 1 August 1000. Timur's hordes completely devastated the world, as virtually its entire population was slaughtered or enslaved, while the world's cities were leveled and its beautiful countryside plundered and razed. Timur ravaged the entire Mackenzian star system as well, using special "hurling battleships" to hurl devastating meteors and asteroids onto Mackenzian space colonies, killing billions of sapient beings. Timur also destroyed mining stations on the gas giant Mackeniz I, using controlled space slugs to devour entire settlements of people. Thereafter, the Khan destroyed a Mackenzian rebel holdout on Goth (9 August 1000), enslaving all of the officers and castrating the males of the Mackenzian rebel garrison. Timur thereafter destroyed a Edmundian pirate fleet at Vo'rill (19 August 1000), scattering the rebels into the Burgalis Arm. Timur then destroyed and sacked rebel holdouts, bases, and colonies throughout September and October 1000, killing or enslaving billions. Timur destroyed the last Mackenzian rebel armada at Mura (1 November 1000), capturing and ordering the mutilation, castration, and stimulated torture of the rebel leader Qabagh. This was followed by the sack of Gumpjenney (19 November 1000), which crushed the last embers of the Edmundian rebellion. Timur thereafter launched an expedition against the Longmirans, intent on punishing them for their support of the revolts. He sacked Latino-Villis (5 December 1000), deporting nearly 500 million Theodorians as slaves and draining the planet's natural resources. Timur thoroughly plundered the Corporate Sector and the Longmiran Frontier Systems, slaughtering billions and capturing large amounts of industrial goods, computer equipment, and starship models. The Longmiran King Ricky now mustered his forces from Theodore, intent on confronting the Dasians. The Battle of Andrea Doria, which took place on the last day of both the 10th century and the 1st millennium AH (31 December 1000), was a major victory for Timur, as Ricky himself was captured and the entire Longmiran force was wiped out. Although Timur now had the Longmiran King in his custody, and indeed ordered for him to be tortured, mutilated, and castrated, as he normally did to captured rulers or monarchs, the Khan determined to inspire further terror in his enemies. While on Saray Edigu and Temur Qutlugh celebrated the arrival of the 11th century and 2nd millennium AH with lavish celebrations and parades, and other monarchs, including Solana and Narada, gave themselves over to pleasure, Timur celebrated by besieging and capturing Theodore (1 January 1001), sacking the world's cities and destroying the famed Theodorian Tower of Canias, which dated to the 2nd century AH. Timur calmly ordered for Theodore's 34 billion people to be slaughtered, while the Khan formally announced his intention, as his "greetings" to the new millennium, to conquer the entire Caladarian Galaxy and create the "greatest Empire known to civilization". Timur thereafter ordered the execution of Ricky and annexed the Longmiran Kingdom to the Timurid Empire. The Khan thereafter launched campaigns against the Burantos, winning the Battle of Eightia (9 January 1001) and then conquering Buranti (25 January 1001). The Khan thereafter returned to Samarkand, bringing with him a huge haul of Lesian, Anastasian, Edmundian, Mackenzian, Longmiran, Buranto, Nagai, and Sassi-ruukian slaves. He instigated massive construction projects on Samarkand, funneling his empire's wealth to construct the Golden Palace of Samarkand and vastly expand Samarkand's habitation facilities. The Khan transformed Samarkand into a "jewel of the Caladarian Galaxy", and declared it would soon be the capital of the entire Galaxy. In the meantime however, he reassured Edigu and Temur Qutlugh that the Golden Horde would remain in existence, and that they were still "his loyal subordinates".
Timur thereafter subdued a rebellion on Beverly Hereidu in March 1001, deporting nearly 200 million Heridians as slaves and inflicting further damage on the world, which was still suffering from the sack by Hulagu and Kitbuga in 858. Timur thereafter conducted a tour throughout his dominions, intended to demonstrate his power and assert his authority. The Khan visited thousands of star systems, strengthened or installed military garrisons throughout Timurid territory, and issued laws on administration, justice, the arts, and sciences. Although Timur was feared by his subjects, and respected by his adversaries, he did have a genuine interest in architecture and trade. Timur in fact, ordered the construction of the Valia Spaceport on Hunt Minor (9 June 1001) and issued a decree that organized the Timurid dominions into twenty "cultural districts" (19 June 1001), with each district under the control of a cultural coordinator who was to provide for Timur's household and promote culture within that district. For most of 1001, the Khan remained relatively passive, although he did gather together his military forces, conducted a census throughout his dominions, and prepared for further military campaigns. Taking advantage of this, Solana, Narada, Vuzurg, and Ivshaakh, who all wished to gain revenge on Timur for their humiliation at his hands, began amassing their military resources, recovering from their losses in the previous campaigns, and establishing a diplomatic coalition (2 July 1001) with the Tashian Grand King, Sharing, whose dominions covered the former Arachosia Suprema and Rhedite territories. The monarchs were preparing for their own war against Timur, seeking to pursue their earlier aims, although they officially remained his vassals. Timur was, however, fully aware of their plans, as he had spies and agents planted at their courts. The Khan prepared by bolstering his military garrisons along the Murphian Trade Spine, mustering the forces provided by Edigu and Temur Qutlugh of the Golden Horde, and provoking nationalist tensions, uprisings, and the like in the dominions of his enemies. Timur also formed his own alliance with the Doge of Vector Prime, Si'luur, securing the use of the massive Vectorian battleship armada. Finally, after concluding his administrative reforms and innovations of culture, Timur left Samarkand in November 1001, and joined with his main force that had been amassed at Mesia, a major Timurid base at the juncture of the Murphian Trade Spine and Denveranian Trunk Line, which had been established after the first war against Narada and Solana.
Two months later, in January 1002, the Khan hurled his hordes across the Murphian Trade Spine into Lesian and Anastasian dominions, forcing Narada, Solana, Vuzurg, Ivshaakh, and Sharing to arouse from their capital worlds. Timur's hordes, however, were numerically and tactically superior, and the brutal warrior swiftly advanced further. The already devastated Lesia was seized without challenge (19 January 1002); a Lesian expeditionary force under the command of Mansa Musa was crushed in the Battle of Lincoln (25 January 1002); and Timur quickly overran the Lesian fortresses on Pocket, Mrpath V, and Sharon Alfonsi. The Timurid hordes acted with great brutality, as Timur again subdued the Durant Cluster, subjugated the Murphian Trade Spine, and quickly reduced Nicole (9 February 1002); Al-Pushim (15 February 1002): Miller (29 February 1002); and Hamacki Barka (7 March 1002). Timur then crushed Ivshaakh in the Battle of Tong (19 March 1002), capturing millions of Sassi-ruuk warriors and laying waste to numerous star systems. The Khan then linked up with Si'luur at Pompus, destroying a force commanded by Sharing in the Battle of Milking (25 March 1002). Timur thereafter crushed a uprising by Nog (29 March 1002), killing his unfaithful vassal and laying waste to Nagosh, slaughtering or enslaving nearly 600 billion Nagai. He then sacked the Tashian fortress-world of Both (2 April 1002) and then repelled an unsuccessful ambush attempt by Narada at Killing (7 April 1002). Timur thereafter crushed Vuzurg in the Battle of Jacksonian Backory (19 April 1002), thereafter storming the Hospallian stronghold of Rhodes (25 April 1002) and destroying the Hospallian Order of Knights in Space, which had been established in the 3rd century. Timur penetrated into the Wild Marshes, sacking Rhedita (25 April 1002) and destroying a Anastasian holdout on Natliana (29 April 1002). During May 1002, Timur raided Tatiana, conquered the fortresses of Curtis and Natalia Wood, and sacked the Sassi-ruuk military base on Bree. All attempts by Narada, Solana, and Ivshaakh to trap Timur failed miserably, as they suffered staggering losses in the Battle of Morg (19 May 1002). On 3 June 1002, Timur instigated a siege of Caesearea, storming this major Anastasian stronghold on 17 June, and taking nearly 300 billion Anastasian women as sex slaves. Timur thereafter crushed Narada and Solana in the Battle of Eliza Spencer (21 June 1002) and followed this victory with the sack of Lwheek (25 June 1002). By now, Narada, Solana, Ivshaakh, Vuzurg, and Sharing were desperate for a victory, and began mustering their remaining resources and units for a last stand. They then attempted to evade battle for nearly another month, raiding from their remaining bases and inflicting damage on some Timurid scout units Timur was however, keeping track of their movements, and he then surprised and surrounded the five monarchs at Ankara (20 July 1002), using overwhelming numbers, organization, and strategy to his advantage. Timur utterly crushed his rivals, destroying or scattering most of their units. All five monarchs were captured by Timur. Reveling in the greatest victory of his military career, having captured five monarchs, Timur took his five royal prisoners back to Samarkand, where, by his orders, all were tortured and executed in gruesome fashion, being raped, mutilated, beheaded, disemboweled, quartered, and then burnt. Timur brought back to Samarkand a huge haul of riches and extraordinarily large numbers of Anastasian, Hospallian, Sassi-ruuk, Nagai, Tashian, Rhedite, and Lesian slaves. The Timurid Empire now extended into the Wild Marshes and Galactic Borderlands, controlled all of the Barsar Regions (the first to do so since the Arachosians in the 4th and 5th centuries), and now had a direct route to invade the Rasdallans and Kalbachans.
After ravaging the western Barsar Regions and inflicting severe damage on his new subjects west of the Murphian Trade Spine, Timur hurled his hordes into the western Galactic Borderlands, destroying the Homi fortess of Kaluna (31 August 1002) and crushed a Homi battefleet at Genoa (9 September 1002). The Timurid Khan destroyed Homi outposts and colonies along the Galactic Barrier, ravaged and plundered numerous Homi star systems, and launched a major siege of Summers, the Homi capital world, eventually capturing it (6 November 1002). Nearly 50 billion Homi were slaughtered or enslaved by the Timurid hordes, while Timur captured and ordered the mutilation, disembowellment, and quartering of the Homi Shaffur (Leader) Posh-nazzar. Timur thereafter concluded his campaigns, and returned to Samarkand, staying there for the remainder of 1002. During 1003, the Khan would focus his efforts on reorganizing his military forces, planning his major campaigns against the Kalbachans and Rasdallans, and bestowing Samarkand with great riches and architecture. In the Golden Horde, meanwhile, Temur Qutlugh died on Saray (24 March 1003), and was succeeded as co-Khan by a son of Timur-Malik, Shadi Beg. By this point, Edigu was acknowledged as the senior Khan, and was already plotting to assert himself as sole ruler of the Golden Horde. In the meantime, he maintained loyalty to Timur and continued to provide his master with considerable units.
Timur finally launched his major campaigns against the Rasdallans in February 1004, swiftly advancing from the Timurid base on Halesia and destroying a Rasdallan force at the Riverite Asteroid Belt (19 February 1004). The Timurid hordes destroyed Rasdallan fortresses on Kania (25 February 1004); Devily (9 March 1004); Partsia (19 March 1004); Patricia I (6 April 1004); and Barching (17 April 1004). A force commanded by the Rasdallan Imperator Nreith and his vassal, the Roman King of Cane Scillus, was crushed by Timur in the Battle of Sasha VI (29 April 1004). Timur's hordes then ravaged the Cane Cluster with impunity, defeating all Roman-Rasallan forces flung at them and laying waste to the important Roman colony of Australis (15 May 1004). Timur thereafter crushed Scillus in the Battle of Hidemnia Sauria (29 May 1004), capturing the King himself, who was tortured, blinded, and then executed by solar incineration. Timur then took Cane (5 June 1004) and crushed a Rasdallan battefleet at Kathy Minor (9 June 1004). He then ravaged numerous Rasdallan star systems, destroying several military colonies, outposts, and palatial fortresses. Nreith was handed a decisive defeat in the Battle of Sockoth (19 June 1004), which gave the Timurids a direct route to Kathy. Kathy was besieged by Timur beginning on 29 June 1004, resisting fiercely for several months. Eventually, Timurid manpower proved too strong, and the world fell (3 September 1004). Timur devastated the planet, sacked its treasures, and destroyed the ancient Kopaski Palace, residence of the Imperators, which had been constructed by the legendary Rasdallan king of Onasi, Petro, in the 5th century BH. Nreith managed to flee the fall of Kathy, but was pursued vigorously by Timur and his hordes. He was finally cornered and defeated in the Badlands (17 November 1004), alongside the Galactic Barrier, and was tortured, mutilated, castrated, and then quartered. Timur thereafter ravaged the central and western Galactic Borderlands, and returned to Samarkand (29 November 1004), bringing a large number of Canian, Homi, and Rasdallan slaves. The Khan was not to enjoy himself for long, for a new opportunity presented itself in the northern Outer Borderlands.
The Northern Khanate had experienced a major period of foreign invasion, civil disunion, and economic decline since the 980s. Togus Temur, who had ascended to the Northern throne in 978, proved to be a weak and ineffectual ruler, as his court was dominated by his wife and he himself was rumored to be physically disabled. The Khan was forced to contend with a major uprising on Sernapasia (980-82), which rocked the very foundations of the Northern Khanate. Following this, a major invasion by the Whoppiees in 983 had penetrated the Corporate Trade Corridor and reached as far as the outskirts of the Karakorum Star System, before Togus' general Nair-Buqa managed to defeat the invaders at Barnum (19 June 983). The Northern Khanate then had been faced with a major uprising by that same victorious general, who wished to secure the Khanship and viewed Togus as weak. It was only with the assistance of the Kuchlug Guards that Togus Temur managed to overcome the conspiracy (9 January 984), ordering Nair-Buqa's execution. A great economic depression had then ravaged the Northern Khanate (984-86), leading to nearly 50% unemployment and greatly lowering the revenues of the Great Dasian government. Togus Temur was then challenged by a new adversary, as the Longmirans and Nandi crossed the Corporate Trade Corridor and assaulted the Northern Khanate in November 986. The invaders won a crushing victory at Oirat (9 January 987) and destroyed the Khanate's major repository on Tataria (17 February 987), before penetrating to Karakorum. The Dasian capital world, which had been the most heavily fortified world in the Caladarian Galaxy since the reign of Ogedei, was overwhelmed and sacked by the invaders (5 May 987), leading to the deaths of nearly 50 billion Dasians, Karakorians, Sernapasians, and Sorites. Karakorum would never again be a major jewel of the Caladarian Galaxy. Togus Temur himself barely evaded capture, and the Longmirans then ravaged unchallenged throughout much of the Northern Khanate for the next two years. A ambitious general named Yesuder rose to take advantage of the situation, as he successfully lead resistance against the Longmirans and began to build a power-base. On 9 November 988, Yesuder surrounded Togus Temur at Tuul, along the northern edge of the Caladarian Galaxy, and assassinated him. The General thereafter proclaimed himself Khan and took the name of Jorgithu. He defeated the Longmirans in the Ambush of Houston (9 January 989) and forced them out of the Northern Khanate.
Jorgithu quickly lost control however, as Dasian military commanders and district governors now attempted to take advantage of the situation. The Khan's right to the throne was hampered, as he was not related to Genghis Khan in any way. Gunashiri, a Dasian general who descended from Carlogtai Khan, founder of the Carylone Khanate, revolted in January 990 and established the Khanate of Nandi Diri. Jorgithiu's attempt to subdue him failed at Tyson (7 February 990) and Gunashiri asserted his position. Following this, Ushakai, commander of the Dasian garrison at Glassia-beyond the Corridor, surrendered to the Longmirans (25 March 990). The Longmiran King took Ushakai under his protection and established the Protectorate of Longmiran Dasia. Alongside political disintegration, the economy continued its downhill decline, as the unemployment rate tripled between 990 and 992. As the Northern Khanate weakened, the Longmirans saw their opportunity, and launched a further invasion of the Northern Khanate in January 992. They penetrated as far as Karakorum, destroying numerous Dasian bases and ravaging numerous star systems before retreating. This weakened Jorgithu's position, and on 9 April 992, the Khan was deposed and assassinated by his own son, Engke. Engke however, did not have the support of the nobility, and he proved an ineffectual ruler. Engke was soon deposed in a palace conspiracy (17 April 992) by his uncle Elbeg. Elbeg was however, compelled to respect the autonomy of the Oirats, who emerged as an independent entity for the first time in nearly two centuries. The Four Oirats Coalition was established (15 January 993), and the Northern Khanate effectively disintegrated into two distinct states, with the Khan retaining direct authority over the Eastern Dasians. Elbeg attempted to bring the Oirats back under his control (996-97), breaking his agreements with their leaders Batula and Ugetchi. His attempts were however, crushed at Elbing (19 January 997), and he was again compelled to acknowledge their unique status. Thereafter the Khan launched wars against the Longmirans, who had been seriously weakened by the invasions and campaigns of Timur throughout the Outer Borderlands. He crushed the Longmirans at Borderling (18 May 997) and scattered a Longmiran expedition at Plis (6 June 997), but was then decisively defeated by the Longmiran King Ricky in the Battle of Viera V (17 June 997). The Khan was forced to retreat back to his dominions. Thereafter, a severe internal struggle at the imperial court, in which his wife Khutkhai Tazi, took part, weakened the Khan's direct authority, and he was then embroiled in another conflict with the Oirats. The Oirats defeated the Khan in the Battle of Baris (8 April 999) and captured him, torturing and executing their former master in gruesome fashion. They thereafter raided Sernapasia (19 April 999) before retreating back to their dominions. A interregnum of several months ensued, as the Khan's sons struggled amongst themselves for power.
Eventually, his eldest, Gun Temur, defeated his rivals and was proclaimed Khan (5 February 1000). He reigned for only two years however, as the ambitious Dasian general Orug Temur challenged his right to the throne and attempted to seize control of the Northern Khanate. This struggle eventually resulted in the Battle of Tusay (19 March 1002), in which Gun Temur was handed a crushing defeat. As a result of the battle, Gun Temur was deposed as Khan and executed, while Orug Temur seized the throne and gained possession of Karakorum. Orug Temur however, like Yesuder, did not have any hereditary right to the Khanship, and was forced to contend with continuing economic decline, civil uprisings on Sernapasia, Vandross, and Fatisa, alongside threats from pretenders and challengers at the imperial court. The most notable of these was Oljel Temur, who was the younger son of Elbeg. Oljel Temur had spent his time mustering a powerful military force, and from his military base on Nanay, he formally proclaimed himself Khan (1 January 1004) and formally challenged Orug Temur's right to rule. A intensive struggle soon ensued between the two, although many nobles and other magnates proclaimed their support for Oljel Temur. Oljel Temur however, suffered a major defeat at Souii (19 November 1004) and lost half of his starfighter squadrons. He was driven back to Nanay and was at the lowest point in his fortunes, as many noblemen returned their services to Orug Temur. Wishing to secure victory over his rival, and also wishing to bring the Oirats back under his rule, Oljel Temur made a fateful appeal to Timur on Samarkand (5 December 1004), asking for his assistance against Orug Temur and the Oirats. Timur quickly accepted the appeal, although he demanded and received Oljel Temur's submission as a Timurid vassal.
The conqueror, who was now nearing 70 and had fought endless wars against dozens of various rival monarchs, rulers, and states for forty years, quickly mustered his forces at Theodore, George's Star, Coronadia, and Jacobs I, and formally instigated military campaigns (20 December 1004), hurling across the Corporate Trade Corridor into the splintered Northern Khanate. The Khan quickly crushed a Oirat expeditionary force at Marshall Urshal (25 December 1004); destroyed a Oirat fortress at Syr-Daria (29 December 1004); sacked Sernapasia (31 December 1004); crushed a force commanded by Orug Temur (5 January 1005); ravaged the Corporate Trade Corridor (9-15 January 1005); won a major victory at Vandross (19 January 1005); besieged and captured Houston (25 January 1005); conquered Tyson (29 January 1005); and then crushed Batula and Ugetchi in the Battle of Leina (1 February 1005). The Oirat Khans were captured, tortured, mutilated, castrated, and then executed by solar incineration. Timur thereafter destroyed the Oirat Huttese Complex (7 February 1005) and then crushed Orug Temur in the Battle of Fatisa (10 February 1005). Timur thereafter besieged and captured Karakorum (13 February 1005), devastating the world and carrying off 15 billion Dasians as slaves, while the Golden Palace of Karakorum was completely destroyed. Orug Temur was then captured (15 February 1005), and was mutilated, castrated, and then executed by quartering. He was to be the last of numerous monarchs (including Salkand, Borga, Chagtai, Husayn, Zhunang, Mahmud, Ahmad, Durdian, Tokhtamysh, Marko, Callista, Ricky, Narada, Solana, Ivshaakh, Nog, Vuzurg, Sharing, Al'Qodat, Wladislaw IV, Batula, Ugetchi, Jeongjong, Gudaski, Rojian, Basti, Scillus, Porgan, Nreith, among countless others) who were utterly defeated, physically and mentally tortured, and executed by Timur. Timur thereafter installed Oljel Temur on the throne of the Northern Khanate, annexed the Northern Trade Corridor, and then began his journey back to Samarkand. The Khan was not to make the journey back, for on 17 February 1005, he died peacefully in his sleep on his personal flagship, the Vindicator, at the age of 68 on the route back to Samarkand. For 35 years, Timur had created one of the largest empires in the history of the Caladarian Galaxy, was feared by his adversaries, and was respected by his subjects. The conqueror had never lost a battle or confrontation, and had always defeated his rivals. He accomplished this by precise strategy, preparation, organization, overwhelming numbers, and above all, extreme brutality. Timur's campaigns depopulated large parts of the Outer Borderlands, Galactic Borderlands, and Middle Territories, devastating many older centers of power and leading to the rise of new worlds to dominate the Caladarian Galaxy. It is believed that a third of the galaxy's inhabitants were slaughtered by the conqueror between 966 and 1005. The Lavellans and Kalbachans were the only species largely untouched by Timur's campaigns, although even they suffered incursions and were considered vassals. Timur's campaigns had also, ironically, initiated the major decline for the Dasians, as he had displaced the Carylone Khanate, decimated the Illkhanid factions, seriously weakened the Northern Khanate, and dislocated the Golden Horde. His empire would not last long beyond his death, as will be displayed below.
The Decline and Fall of the Timurid Empire and the Decline of the Dasians (1005-80)Edit
Timur had, in his testament of 29 December 1004, provided provisions on the disposition of his dominions among his heirs after his death, according to Dasian custom. His son Pir Muhammad was to become Great Khan of the Timurid Empire, ruling directly over the territories of the former Carylone Khanate with his capital at Samarkand. He was to wield suzeranity over Khali Sultan, who was to rule the northern Outer Borderlands, Shahrukh, who was to rule Kimania and the Barsar Regions, and Jahangir, who was to rule the Galactic Borderlands. Timur's sons however, were bitter rivals, and had engaged in a spate of conspiracies and plots against eachother even in their father's lifetime. It was inevitable that they would continue to do so after his death. When Timur died, a Great Council elevated Pir Muhammad as Great Khan (23 February 1005). Pir Muhammad took up residence on Samarkand. Khali Sultan however, broke his father's testament, by refusing to recognize his brother as Great Khan. Instead, he summoned another Great Council, which proclaimed him Great Khan at Homidinia (27 February 1005). Khali quickly gained the support of Oljel Temur in the Northern Khanate and of Shahrukh, who hated Pir Muhammad. Campaigns began in April 1005, as Khali destroyed his brother's battefleet at Robert (29 April 1005), besieged and captured Beharis (1-17 May 1005), stormed Hunt Major (23 May 1005), and plundered Sheldonia (6 June 1005). Shahrukh, at the same time conquered Gabriella (17 June 1005) and stormed Paisley (25 June 1005). In July and August 1005, Walters, Hasselbeck, and Shephard fell to Khali and his forces, while Pir Muhammad suffered reverses at Ming (29 August 1005) and Jaeyoung (17 September 1005). On 9 October 1005, Lorna was besieged, eventually falling on 27 October. On 2 November, a force of the Great Khan was crushed at Leah, and on 19 November, Pir Muhammad was compelled to retreat from Samarkand. On 6 December, Khali took possession of the Timurid capital world, and was formally acclaimed Great Khan by the notables of that world. Pir Muhammad however, resisted for another year and a half, and was only killed on 6 July 1007, in the Skirmish of Bealey.
Khali Sultan proved to be a weak and ineffectual ruler, as he had little of his father's political talent and was unable to assert his supremacy over his brothers. Shahrukh, who himself now desired the Great Khanship, began mustering his military forces, and in September 1007, he declared war against his brother. The Battle of Narra (7 October 1007) proved a major victory for Shahrukh, as he captured many of the Great Khan's starfighters. Shahrukh soon after formed an alliance with Jahangir, who provided him sizable Rasdallan, Nagai, and Neo-Arachosian units. Using these units, Shahrukh then destroyed the Timurid arsenal of Yasada (25 October 1007), captured Walters (29 October 1007), plundered Lorna (31 October 1007), and stormed Prestley (9 November 1007). On 6 December 1007, the Timurid amir of Sheldonia surrendered to Shahrukh, dealing a severe blow to Khali Sultan. Over the course of 1008, the other major fortresses of Robert and Hunt fell to Shahrukh, as Khali Sultan proved unable to stop the advance. In November 1008, Gate's Beacon was captured, leaving the way open to Samarkand. On 19 January 1009, Samarkand fell to Shahrukh, and Khali Sultan was compelled into retreat. Khali Sultan was then poisoned by his own bodyguards (25 January 1009). Shahrukh thereafter became Great Khan of the Timurid Empire.
These wars amongst Timur's sons weakened the military strength and internal stability of the Timurid Empire, which paved the way to major secessionist movements in the Outer Borderlands and Galactic Borderlands. The Golden Horde and Northern Khanate would also take advantage of the troubles. After Temur Qutlugh had died, Edigu supported the ascension of Shadi Beg, Qutlugh's younger brother, to the throne of the Golden Horde. Later in the year, Edigu led exaction expeditions against Donguaria, forcing vast amounts of tribute. Shadi Beg attempted to take advantage of his absence by proclaiming himself sole Khan (9 September 1007) and seizing control of Edigu's strongholds. Edigu quickly terminated his campaigns and used his forces against his co-Khan, capturing Saray (12 September 1007) and forcing Shadi Beg to abdicate. He thereafter installed Pulad as junior Khan of the Golden Horde. Pulad reigned alongside Edigu for the next three years, but proved to be a weak ruler and was unable to assert his influence in the Horde. Pulad died without children (12 January 1010) and was succeeded by Temur Khan. Temur Khan held the throne for only a couple of years before he was deposed and assassinated by Jalal ai-Din at Khorsay (25 February 1012). Jalal ai-Din proclaimed himself sole Khan and forced Edigu to retreat from Saray. Edigu took refugee with Shahrukh, but conspired against the Timurid Khan and was eventually ordered to leave Samarkand (29 October 1012). Edigu returned to Saray, but was unable to dislodge Jalal ai-Din. Instead, he fled to the western Central Core, seizing control of the world of Nogai and proclaiming himself Khan of the Nogai Horde (29 November 1012), the first secession from the Golden Horde. Jalal-ai Din's attempts to subdue Edigu floundered at Walting (9 December 1012). On 9 January 1013, the Khan was deposed by Karim Berdi, who then usurped the throne. Karim Berdi proclaimed himself independent of Timurid overlordship (12 January 1013), followed by Oljel Temur (19 January 1013). The Northern Khan however, was soon deposed by the Oirat rebel Mahaumd (29 January 1013), who reasserted the independence of the Oirats.
As all of this was ongoing, tensions emerged in the Barsar Regions, particularly in the dominions of the former Illkhanid Empire, as various factions began consolidating in revolt against the Timurid overlords. On Vali emerged a certain Ismail Pasha, who claimed descent from Ogedei, the second Great Khan of the Dasian Empire. Ismail Pasha also claimed descent from the Kimanian Shoguns, which thus gave him a claim to rule of the lower Kimanian Trade Run. Pasha mustered the banner of rebellion in February 1013, calling for the restoration of "independent states" in the Barsar Regions. Shahrukh dispatched his chief general, Piari, against the rebel, aiming to crush this new upstart movement. Ismail Pasha however, won a string of victories, as he reconquered Kimania (29 March 1013), destroyed the Timurid fortress of Herbyoskia (9 April 1013), conquered the Huttile star systems (May 1013), and stormed Offshora (9-10 June 1013). Piari was then decisively defeated in the Battle of Goochinch (9 July 1013) and was captured, being forced to sign the Armistice of Christopher, by which the reestablishment of the Kimanian Shogunate was acknowledged (25 July 1013). The success of Ismail Pasha encouraged massive revolts on Lesia, Anastasia, Beverly Hereidu, Constipex, Bookman, Drea, Riley, Armenia, and Hinds Prime (1013-15), which were succesful and severed some of Timur's most hard-fought conquests from the Empire. Shahrukh was blamed for his failure to contain these revolts, and suffered further humilation when Robert, that major jewel on the termination of the Rebeccan Galactic Trade Route, succesfully revolted and regained indepenence (9 February 1016). Leah, Walters, Hasselbeck, Hunt Minor, Roastafaria, and Acamaria also suffered disturbances, disrupting Timurid military strength. By 1018, civil dissent began simmering in the Galactic Borderlands, while the Kalbachans conquered Donna (January 1018) and provoked rebellions by the Torfians and Tofs.
While this was ongoing, the Golden Horde experienced further domestic crises. Karim Berdi experienced difficulties with his wife and consort, Paradina, who despised her husband and attempted to gain further influence in the Horde's government. He also had to deal with continued irritations from Edigu, whose forces harried the Central Core and penetrated as far as Laurasia Prime. Eventually, on 29 February 1014, Karim Berdi was assassinated by his viceroy, who then took the title of Kebek Khan and seized the throne. Kebek's ascension, however, was viewed with hostility by the Dasian nobility and military, and after only a few months, he was forced to abdicate (29 April 1014). Edigu was then invited to come in and choose a new Khan, while being able to retain his Nogai dominions. Edigu agreed and ordered his nephew Chokra to accept the Khanship (15 May 1014). Chokra took up residence on Saray and governed for the next three years. Chokra however, became unpopular and suffered shame when his expedition against Donguaria was destroyed by Wladislaw (19 June 1015). Wladislaw was by this time recovering his resources from the devastating Timurid invasions, and was no longer willing to bow before the Dasians. Chokra's emissary at the court of Kelvania was also assassinated (18 December 1016), disrupting the Horde's influence in the western Core. Taking advantage of this, one of the deposed Tokhtamysh's sons, Jabbar Berdi, returned from exile in the Galactic Borderlands in March 1017, raising his standard at Martina Mccasia and Y'zut. He swiftly advanced along the Rebeccan Galactic Trade Route, crushing a force sent by the Khan in the Battle of Payment V (29 April 1017). Jabbar Berdi eventually reached Saray (6 May 1017) and deposed Chokra, whom he had executed by solar incineration. Jabbar Berdi waged war against Edigu, but indecisive skirmishes at Austriana and Pacifia during the summer of 1017 failed to subdue the Nogai Horde. Jabbar Berdi ruled for a further two years, managing to retain a hold over the nobility. He then died peacefully (8 August 1019).
Jabbar Berdi's son, Dawlat Berdi, was immediately proclaimed Khan of the Golden Horde, but at once faced a major challenge. The dying Edigu supported Olugh Mohammad, Jabbar Berdi's nephew, who proclaimed himself Khan at Clancia (25 August 1019). Edigu died shortly after (29 August 1019), and his successor Kepek signed a military alliance with Olugh Mohammad. Olugh Mohammad then advanced, sotmring Constancia (9 September 1019), destroying the Golden Horde's palatial fortress of Germania (17 September 1019) and ravaged Teth (1 October 1019). Dawlat Berdi however, gained a victory at the Cron's Drift (9 October 1019), preventing Olugh Mohammad from advancing to Laurasia Prime and the Scoutian Cluste. Olugh Mohammad then contented himself with harrying the eastern Central Core, penetrating also to Seejay Prime and Ecreutus. In February 1020, he advanced across to Elizabeth, and there clashed with a force of the Khan. The Siege of Elizabeth (5-25 March 1020) resulted in a victory for Olugh Mohammad, as he gained control of the rich sect of the Rebeccan Galactic Trade Route. Campaigns then bogged down for the remainder of the year, as indecisive skirmishes at Gordasis, Hammenor, Zennatha, and Briannia resulted in severe losses for both sides. Eventually, on 19 March 1021, Olugh Mohammad captured Murphy, which gave him a advance point from which to attack Saray. A major offensive was launched in June, but Saray did not fall until 9 December 1021. Dawlat Berdi was forced to flee to Horacia, but he refused to surrender. The following year however, a new figure, Baraq, arose into the equation. Baraq was a descendant of Urus, and like his ancestor held ambitions to assume control of the Golden Horde. He mustered his forces at McInerney and Bikers in the Inner Territories, and advanced in February 1022. Baraq gained major victories, as he captured Vindictoria (29 February 1022), devastated the worlds of the Humbraine Trunk Line (1-9 March 1022), besieged and captured Bolgharay (19 March 1022), conquered Goldaria and Ivoria (25-29 March 1022), and stormed Clancia (9 April 1022). On 19 April 1022, Baraq deposed Kebek and seized control of the Nogai Horde. Olugh Mohammad and Dawlat Berdi temporarily laid aside their hostility in order to unite against the common enemy. Despite their efforts, Baraq successfully captured Horacia (15 May 1022) and stormed Saray (29 May 1022). Olugh Mohammad and Dawlat Berdi managed to evade capture and fled into the Galactic Borderlands, seeking refugee with Vyautas, still the Great King of Kalbacha. Vyautas, although he was still scarred from his battles with Edigu and Temur Qutlugh, still held ambitions of intervening in Dasian affairs, and he provided support to the two ousted Khans.
In the Northern Khanate, Delbeg Khan reigned for only three years, during which time he was under the control of Mahamud, who had claimed the title of Amir of the Oirats. Mahamud's control within the Northern Khanate was challenged by Arghtuai, who refused to acknowledge his authority and established his headquarters at Sernapasia (19 July 1013). Arghutai and Mahamud then waged a bitter struggle for the next two years, as major confrontions took place along the Trade Corridor and at Karakorum, Tyson, Sernapasia, Leina, Houston, and other Northern worlds. These battles weakened further the stability of the Northern Khanate. Eventually however, the general Adai Khan killed Delbeg (29 August 1017), although he was unable to seize the Khanship himself. Instead, the title went to Ouryidai. Ouryidai killed Mahamud (2 September 1017) and managed to cement rule over Karakorum and Sernapasia. The remainder of the Khanate, however, was divided between Arghutai and Adai, a situation that persisted for several years. The Khan's campaigns of 1022 and 1025 against the Oirats and the Arghutais failed to subdue those factions, and his prestige declined. Eventually, Ouryidai was assassinated by his bodyguards (5 September 1025) and was succeeded to the throne of the Northern Khanate by Adai, who now consolidated his rule of two-thirds of the Northern Dasian territories.
The Timurid Empire's decline acclerated during the 1020s, as Jahangir and Shahrukh lost control in the Galactic Borderlands and in parts of the northern Outer Borderlands. The Rasdallan rebel Morgithia established the fortress of Kalmay (29 March 1020) and declared the restoration of the Rasdallan independence from the Timurid Empire. Jahangir dispatched his general, Po'dus Khan, against Morgithia, attempting to crush the rebellion. Po'dus Khan was defeated in the Battle of Tips (17 April 1020) and suffered the loss of an entire starfighter squadron at Kathy Minor (29 April 1020). Morgithia then harried Kania and Patricia I (May 1020) and raided Kathy (9-18 June 1020), scoring major victories against Timurid forces. Kathy eventually fell to the Rebels entirely on 9November 1020. Jahangir himself then led his armada against Morgithia, and was crushed at Vector Prime (19 December 1020). He was then forced to sign the Treaty of Victorae (19 January 1021), by which the Rasdallans regained independence as a kingdom. The successes of the Rasdallan rebels against the Timurids inspired revolts by the Nagai, Rhedites, Hypasians, and Tifanites (1020-24), which resulted in the explusion of Timurid garrisons throughout much of the Galactic Borderlands. This was followed by the explusion of the Timurids from the Muggal Cluster in March 1025, as King Kim-jong (r. 1025-37) reestablished the Torfian capital at Imegina. The Iffians and the Cosites, who had been subject to the Satians and then the Dasians, established themselves as independent states for the first time (July-August 1025), while the Markians north of the Lacian Cluster engaged in massive protests against Timurid authorities. By March 1026, Timurid garrisons in the Wild Marshes were abandoned, while the Medorians and the Ch'kai seized control of the Rokai regions (April-November 1026). Shahrukh was now perceived as a lazy and ineffectual ruler by many of the Dasian nobles, proving himself unable to arrest the decline. Terrorist attacks by Huntite rebel movements at Samarkand, Walters, and Hussing in January 1027 symbolized the declining stature of the Timurid Empire. Just two decades after the death of Timur the Great, most of his conquests in the Galactic Borderlands and Barsar Regions had already been lost, while the Golden Horde and Northern Khanate had reasserted themselves as independent hordes.
By January 1027, Olugh Mohammad and Dawlat Berdi had amassed a considerable Kalbachan and mercenary force with the help of Vyautas, which they would use to reassert themselves in the Golden Horde. Baraq had become a extremely unpopular ruler, as he was perceived as weak and allowed the finances of the Golden Horde to sink into chaos. Thus, on 9 February, the two exiled Khans invaded the Horde's territory, destroying the frontier stronghold of Roxuli (18 February 1027) and scattering a Horde expeditionary battefleet at Math (29 February 1027). Their subsquent victory at Trinity (17 March 1027) and their raiding operations against Laurasia Prime, Gordasis, Courdina, Neustroni, and Weloria Corvett in April gained them renewed prestige and prosperity. The raiding operation against Laurasia Prime, which took place on 16 April 1027, led to the deaths of 20 million Laurasians and the enslavement of 15 million others. By now, the depressed world's population was at 72 billion, the lowest figure since the 1st century AH. Olugh Mohammad and Dawlat Berdi then crushed Baraq in the Battle of Divers (7 June 1027), capturing the usurper Khan. Baraq was executed the following day. On 10 June, Olugh Mohammad and Dawlat Berdi proclaimed themselves joint Khans of the Golden Horde and returned to Saray, while Kebek was released from prison and restored to the Nogai Khanship. For three years, the co-Khans had few problems, ruling over the Golden Horde in good stead. Eventually however, tensions emerged, and in June 1030, Dawlat Berdi declared himself sole Khan of the Golden Horde. Olugh Mohammad challenged this, and war erupted. Dawlat Berdi quickly was expelled from Saray and was pursued across the Core Worlds and Outer Core for the next two years, until he was finally cornered and killed at Meading (9 February 1032). Dawlat Berdi was soon replaced by another, Sayid Ahmad, who established his capital at Brenni in April 1032. He was supported by Svitagalia, the son and successor of Vyautas (who had died on 9 January 1030). Sayid Ahmad ruled over the southern and eastern Golden Horde for the next three years, defeating constant attempts by Olugh Mohammad to dislodge him. He was killed however, in a starship accident at Departure (5 January 1035). Sayid Ahmad was succeeded to his usurper khanship by his son Kuchuk Mohammad.
During the 1030s, the Timurid Empire found itself reduced to a shadow of what it was at the death of her founder. The Muldaurs, Kakours, Edmundians, and Greysonians erupted in a series of massive revolts (1031-34), which destroyed the Timurid garrisons in the eastern Outer Borderlands. Shahrukh's forces, attempting to crush these revolts, were decisively defeated at Lacia (19 January 1034) and Horite (5 February 1034). The Xilanian Empire was reestablished in December 1034, and in February 1035, the Timurid outposts along the Northern Trade Corridor were destroyed. By April 1035, all of Timur's conquests in the northern Outer Borderlands had been lost. The situation was further intensified when Kuchuk Mohammad of the Golden Horde seized Acamaria, the worlds of the Melanie Trade Line, Roastafaria, Shenandoah, and Vickis (1036-37). Shahrukh now ruled over only Huntite Space, Maurya, and Gedrosia north of the Kimanian Trade Line. The Timurid Empire was only a shadow of itself. Jahangir, who had returned to Samarkand in January 1035, having lost control in the Galactic Borderlands, was assassinated (9 February 1037).
In the meantime, the Golden Horde began its disintergation. Although Kuchuk Mohammad had successfully acquired Timurid territories in the Middle Territories, bringing the Golden Horde to nearly its greatest territorial extent, his raiding expeditions against Donguaria and Cretta in 1036-37 had failed, resulting in the loss of many Dasian warships and dreadnoughts. Olugh Mohammad also continued to rule Saray and the vast northern territories of the Golden Horde, including Laurasia Prime. Kucuk Mohammad was determined to expel his rival. In December 1037, the Khan launched a campaign in the Core Worlds, storming Murphy (14 December 1037) and pillaging the Murphian Trade Spine (January-February 1038). On 7 March 1038, Saray was captured and Kucuk Mohammad moved his capital from Brenni to Saray. Olugh Mohammad was forced to flee galactic-north, managing to evade Kucuk's forces. Soon, most of the Central Core and the regions of the Golden Horde as far north as Leopoldia and Big Twinny acknowledged the rule of Kucuk Mohammad. Olugh Mohammad, however, retained control over the northern territories extending from Elizabeth and the Scoutian Cluster in the south across to Bithor, Roxuli, and Library. On 9 May 1038, Olugh Mohammad proclaimed himself Khan of Kazania, establishing his capital at the world of Kazania, located in the Inner Territories. The Kazanian Khanate had been established, and the Golden Horde was now in the process of fracturing. Kuchuk Mohammad, who could not penetrate across the Rebeccan Galactic Trade Route, was forced to acknowledge the current situation. Other Dasian princes began developing ambitions to break away from the rule of the Khan of Saray, who could no longer retain a firm grip over all of his dominions. The governor of Polonia and Galicia, Haci-Giray, a man who claimed descent from both Genghis Khan and Devlet-Giray of the Lacians developed particular ambitions. In March 1039, the Governor refused the Khan's demands for the annual quota of tribute from his territories. Kuchuk Mohammad, who was experiencing domestic turbulence, was unable to enforce his will. Two years later, on 19 April 1041, Haci-Giray proclaimed the establishment of the Khanate of Crimeania, named after his capital world of Crimean IV. Giray crowned himself the first Khan of this new territory. The new Crimeanian Khanate encompassed territories at the intersection of the Denveranian Trunk Line and Murphian Trade Spine, stretching from Phard in the western Outer Core across to Thurgood on the Kimanian Trade Run.