July 17th, 1810
Hello. My name is Nicolas Romero, and I am a government official in New Granada. Not too long ago, word was passed on throughout South America that Napoleon and the French had invaded Spain, and that the king of Spain, Ferdinand VII, was being held in captivity in Colombia. Since these events have taken place, a wave of disputes based on the possibility of declaring independence have been coming up more and more. Many groups of strong-willed citizens, also known as comuneros, have been rising.
Right now I am finding myself to be in a very tough position, I don’t know whether to try and keep order in my country by keeping things as they are. However, part of me longs for the future of independence, and the creation of a new government which promotes freedom while allowing my participation. The tension keeps building with every hour, and something is bound to erupt any day now...I can feel it. I’ll write back as soon as something happens.
Where to begin?! I’m sorry I waited almost a year to write this entry, but things have been quite hectic for me. On July 20th, 1810, independence was declared in my country! A prominent revolutionary leader by the name of Antonio Nariño was a big part in the up rise at Bogota. Although at the time our government had sworn allegiance to Ferdinand II, it wasn't until this year that we truly began to declare our independence. Although everyone is happy about our new-found independence, I find myself worrying about what is in store for Colombia in the years to come. Many of our people desire a federalist government, while the creoles seek to centralize the authority of these new governments. I’m torn between the two sides, but I know that if I don’t decide soon, my job, or even my life, could be put in jeopardy. Antonio Nariño is now the president of Cundinamarca, an independent state. He strongly feels that central government is the only way to maintain our success at independence. He has been a strong leader in the past, so my gut is telling me to side with him on this issue. My hope of civil wars not becoming our reality remains.
I deeply apologize for neglecting to take the time to write any entries these past years. It’s been too long and much has happened, but the events still remain fresh in my memory. To start things off, I should tell you that Colombia has ended up having many civil wars. It has been tough fighting the federalists in these battles (I went with my gut and sided with Antonio Nariño and his idea of a centralized government). Antonio had been successful and was permitted dictoral powers, which he used to unite patriot forces to force back a royalist invasion. However after successfully ridding the Spanish from Popayan he found himself at a loss on a fateful day in May of 1814. The brave man that he was and I knew him to be surrendered only himself and not his army. Simon Bolivar, another strong leader, defeated the Spanish stationed in Colombia on August 7th, 1819 at Boyaca! He did it; he actually managed to drive the Spanish out of our country! The overpowering Spanish were now gone and independence seemed like more than just a word. Although I was in dismay at my friend being imprisoned for four years in Cadiz, when he returned, Simon Bolivar made him Vice president of the greater republic in Colombia. I couldn't be happier! He made me an official in the government as well and it feels good to be rewarded for my faithfulness.
Yours truly, Nicolas Romero .
December 20th, 1830
Although I hadn’t intended on writing anymore, a lot more has happened. I have found out that three days ago Simon Bolivar has died near Santa Marta. He left for the northern coast after his resignation. Francisco de Paula Santander was the vice president to Simon Bolivar, however there two separate views on how governments should be run became very apparent. Francisco was intending on there being a union of federal states, but of course Simon Bolivar was all for the centralized government. A constitutional convention was held in 1828, and Simon Bolivar the great leader that he was stood out. However once the fall of greater Colombia began I knew it couldn’t be stopped. So when Venezuela and Ecuador became separate nations I wasn’t surprised. Only disappointed. Simon was a strong leader, and I only hope that I may use my position in government to reflect his type of bravery. This will be my last entry. Farewell, and thank you for allowing me a place to put down all of my thoughts over the course of this great revolution.
1) "Colombia." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 01 Dec.
2) "Colombia: History." The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. © 1994, 2000-2006, on Infoplease. © 2000–2007 Pearson
Education, publishing as Infoplease. 01
Dec. 2009 < http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/world/A0857443.html > .
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