Return to the Table of Contents for Brazil The Diary of Maria Ruiz

Dear Diary, May 11, 1809

It has been a year since the royal family has come for Portugal. I was so surprised to hear of their arrival, I can still remember the day. I did not think they would be here, even though they were having issues with the French in Europe. They say they’ll remove the Portuguese monopoly in our trades, and let us trade with all friendly nations. Already, there’s been a change in our lands- there are merchants everywhere! Yesterday I got a new job, earning a higher wage then I used to. I can finally afford a house, which my boys and I can move into- instead of that nasty apartment we used to live in. Joyous day!

Dear Diary, December 16, 1815

We were once under the rule of Portugal. Back when I was a little girl, years ago. However, now we are seen as equals to them, even if we are under the same ruler. It doesn’t matter, though- the days of our impoverish ways are long gone, and my boys have been able to grow up into a new hope for Brazil.
I never want to revert back to the ‘old Brazil’. In that time, my boys would’ve grown up, barely fed, their bones showing though their skin, without an education. But now, the king has brought prosperity to our land, and my boys have not only muscle, but brains! They can go to school here, and they’re doing very well. It makes me so happy.

I can only hope things will stay this way… for the boy’s sake.

Dear Diary, December 17, 1821

I, Maria Ruiz, have decided to become a rebel, ever since Dom João had left for Portugal. He was never the one to blame for that, I realize, yet his choice people that he had left behind did nothing for Brazil.
He was a great ruler while he was here, Dom João. Even when the republican propagandists started rebelling, it never swayed my faith in him. He had given me a home, and hope for my boys, who are now fourteen years. They turned into nice young men because of the opportunities Dom João had introduced. However, those efforts are now being repealed by the parliament he had set in, and we have to sell our house and move back to the city, where I was before the king had come. We don’t even have enough money for school anymore, so my boys are going off to work in a factory with me. I need to get back the better life for my boys. I’ve had it for years now- I was even beginning to get used to it. I’m not ready for it to be taken away from me now.
Dom Pedro hasn’t proven himself yet, but he shows characteristics like Dom João. Let us hope the boy can prove himself.

Dear Diary, May 26, 1822

Things aren’t going well. I’m beginning to wonder if I should’ve become a rebel at all. I’ve begun to hear rumors about more and more rebellious folk, but the government has too. They want to get rid of us, and our king! He’s the only thing right now between the old Brazil, where I had been living in the slums, and the newer Brazil, where me and my boys had lived in a town and had received an education. The parliament is trying to push Dom Pedro out, and send him back to Europe. I can’t do anything but revolt- and even that doesn’t seem to help. When the police come, I have to run for my life, for my boys’ sakes. If I die, what’ll ever happen to them?
I’m putting my life on the line for the freedom of Brazil. I want the parliament to let up and let our king actually rule. And I wish the reforms would come back. Mostly, I wish Dom João was back in Brazil.

Dear Diary, December 1, 1822

We’ve finally been freed! When I heard the news, I was overjoyed- I even cried of happiness. I can’t wait for the reforms to come back- they will, won’t they? We’re a freed country from Portugal, but surely our king must have some sense.
However, I’m still in this ghetto, and my boys are still working in the factory… what will become of us? Was this a horrible decision?
No. it must not be. We’re freed from Portugal-no longer will we be a subordinate to them.

Dearest Diary, September 8, 1826

This will be the last time I write into you. I have become sick with the fever, and I doubt I will last much longer. My boys have moved away, married off girls, and have stepped, even if its barely a step, up a bit in society. Dom Pedro died in the past years, and his son, Pedro II has taken over. with the abolishment of slavery, though, the economy has been further down then ever. i can only hope for a brighter future for my grandchildren.
going against the government was worth it. rebelling, that is. it did seem to pay off, seeing as my boys are in a better spot, along with all those slaves freed- even if it was a stupid idea to free them.

"Pedro I." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2009. Web. 1 Dec. 2009 <>. this was a fictional diary written by Vasquec.

Dear Diary, November 15 1889

I believe that today was one of the most important days that will ever occur in my lifetime. The civilian politicians have overturned Pedro II, and instead of putting another monarch on the throne, it was replaced with parliamentary republic. Brazil as a whole was thrilled to hear of his removal. It was such an important aspect in reaching our government’s goal to reform itself into a republic. If Pedro hadn't made our country spiral into debt, who would've known what would happen! would he still be in office? would we still be in our low-paying jobs, struggling to feed our families, working from dawn until dusk? Under his rule,we sank under hard-bearing debts which even the elite had trouble affording. But now, we are ready to have a new life, to get better jobs, and to control ourselves the way we want to be controled. Brazil is ready to settle creating fair laws and telling the public what is really going on, not lying to our faces. They'll treat us like we all have a voice, we all make the decisions of the country. I'm hoping now that Pedro is off the throne, our economy and politics will improve soon. Brazil's economy was crashing, and still is. It will take time and hard work to turn this economic decline around, but i have hope in our country and our new government. Maybe if we enforced slavery again, we might get out of this economic pit faster; slavery made the majority of Brazil's income before Pedro abolished it.
Dearest diary, i can't think of much else. as always, I've been moving around a lot, barely eating a meal a day and struggling everywhere to make a living. I have to put all my trust, my life, and my children's lives in this new government. The coalition civilians and officers are aiming to extend and reform movement into every aspect of social and political life as well as modernizing the nation by advancing agriculture and low levels of industrialization. The Agricultural aspect of change could help Brazil develop a stronger economic system. I hope with Pedro off the power things for Brazil will look up. Maybe Instead of the factories that hardly pay me, I could get a better job so I could support my little boys.

~The original diary entry was written by user Rdbrazil1- this was revised and added-to by user Vasquec~

November 31 1889

The revolution started because of the many issues Brazil had. The republic tried to strengthen the economy and social politics but it degenerated into corrupting oligarchy and large landowners that lead the political elite continue to dominate society and politics. The rich basically had every say in every law passed and us lower class are treated as if our voice doesn't matter. Brazil is struggling with its rigid social and economic system. Attempting to reform the social, economic, and political system was a huge conflict between centralism and federalism. Which is basically emperor verses the people. It’s really tiring and upsetting watching the government crumble. I lived in Brazil my whole life and even growing up poor I never remember it being as bad as it is now.
Dear Diary,
December 7 1889
This year has been the turning point in Brazil becoming a new republic and breaking into its independence. Ever since the abolition of slavery, Brazil has many immigrants and in-migration. However, I don’t think the end of slavery was the only reason why Brazil is failing but also church and state conflicts and how the government is alienating its people. It’s hard for us as a whole to trust the government in knowing what to do. Most think it’s the church-state conflicts, some think it’s the abolition of slavery and others think it was the betrayal of the aristocracy. There was many industrial concerns acquired capital in spite of inflation and increased production. Bankruptcies have become frequent with weak enterprises. Unfortunately, Brazil’s people are suffering as food prices and rent rising, and salaries and wages remaining low, and unemployment became extensive. My job at the factory is very cheap almost not worth all the effort for unfair payment. I’m hoping that the Brazil as a republic will strengthen and my life will uplift being able to support my self and my children.

This has been the Revolutionary Diary of Carolina Pertrazulli

"Brazilian Revolution of 1889." World History: The Modern Era. 2008. ABC-CLIO. 24 Nov. 2008 <>. "Brazil: Brazil Since 1889." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. 5 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, 1996. Reproduced in History Resource Center. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale.

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